Hitting the Beach? Soak Up These Top Sun Safety Tips
Do I Really Need To Use A Sunscreen?
- Broad-spectrum protection (protects against both UVA and UVB rays)
- Sun Protection Factor (SPF) 30 or greater
- Water resistance for up to either 40 or 80 minutes
Does Everyone Need to Avoid Getting a Sunburn?
A severe sunburn at a young age can increase the risk for getting cancer as an adult.
How Should I Protect My Baby From The Sun?
In older babies, apply a sunscreen of at least SPF 30 and follow dosing directions. Test your baby's sensitivity to sunscreen by first trying a small amount on the inner wrist. Dress infants in lightweight long pants, long-sleeves, and brimmed hats that shade the neck.
Be sure babies stay well hydrated, too. If your baby is fussy, crying excessively, or has redness on any exposed skin area they should be moved indoors.
What Is a Broad Spectrum Sunscreen?
Choose a broad spectrum sunscreen that has a sun protection factor (SPF) of 30 or higher, as recommended by the American Academy of Dermatology.
What's The Best Way To Prevent A Sunburn?
If you aren't covering up, be sure to generously reapply sunscreen at least every 2 hours, even if it's cloudy; apply more often if you’re working up a sweat or swimming.
Does A Higher SPF Sunscreen Protect Your Skin Better?
SPF numbers like 100 or 150 can give people a false sense of security and entice them to stay in the sun longer without added protection.
Should I Use A Sunscreen Every Day?
Here are some tips for applying sunscreen: Apply a generous amount, up to one ounce, or "enough to fill a shotglass." You may need more depending upon your body size. Apply the sunscreen to dry skin 15 minutes before going outdoors.
Are Sunscreens Safe?
Using sunscreen, seeking shade and wearing protective clothing are all important behaviors to reduce your risk of skin cancer. Preventing sunburn and skin cancer outweigh any unproven claims of toxicity or human health hazard from ingredients in sunscreens.
What Should I Know About Spray Sunscreens?
Spraying sunscreen can increase the chance you will miss an area that may burn, especially if it's windy. Spray the sunscreen into your hands and then generously apply the sunscreen directly to your skin, trying not to miss any spots.
What Is The UV Index?
The UV index typically falls between zero and 11+, where zero to two indicates a very low risk of sun exposure; 10 indicates a very high risk of exposure; and 11+ is an extreme risk of unprotected sun exposure. These numbers can help you to predict your level of local sunburn risk and need for additional sun protection.
Will Using Sunscreen Limit My Vitamin D Absorption?
Food such as certain kinds of fish (salmon, tuna), eggs, fortified milk and yogurt contain vitamin D. Some fish such as tuna may be high in mercury, too, so watch your consumption. If you choose a vitamin D supplement, be sure to choose one that contains vitamin D3 (cholecalciferol).
Finished: Hitting the Beach? Soak Up These Top Sun Safety Tips
- American Academy of Dermatology 2016. Sunscreen FAQs. Accessed 6/23/2016. http://www.aad.org/media-resources/stats-and-facts/prevention-and-care/sunscreens#.UXxngY7E0yE
- U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). What is the UV Index. Updated May, 2010. Accessed 6/23/2016. http://www.epa.gov/sunwise/doc/what_is_uvindex.html
- Skin Cancer Foundation. Ask the Expert. Does a higher SPF sunscreen always protect your skin better? Accessed 6/23/2016. http://www.skincancer.org/skin-cancer-information/ask-the-experts/does-a-higher-spf-sunscreen-always-protect-your-skin-better
- FDA. For Consumers. FDA Sheds Light on Sunscreens. May 2012. Accessed 6/23/2016. fda.gov/downloads/ForConsumers/ConsumerUpdates/UCM258910.pdf
- FDA. For Consumers. Should You Put Sunscreen on Infants? Not Usually. Updated 4/12/2013. Accessed 6/23/2016. http://www.fda.gov/forconsumers/consumerupdates/ucm309136.htm
- Mayo Clinic. Sunburn Risk Factors. Updated April 2011. Accessed 6/23/2016. http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/sunburn/DS00964/DSECTION=risk-factors
- UpToDate. Wolters Kluwer Health. Patient information: Sunburn prevention (Beyond the Basics). Updated Dec. 21, 2015 Accessed 6/23/2016. http://www.uptodate.com/contents/sunburn-prevention-beyond-the-basics?source=search_result&search=sunscreens&selectedTitle=1%7E7
- American Academy of Dermatology 2016. Is Sunscreen Safe? Accessed 6/23/2016 at https://www.aad.org/public/spot-skin-cancer/learn-about-skin-cancer/prevent/is-sunsceen-safe