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is when your skin is damaged by exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation. UV radiation comes from sunlight and devices such as tanning beds.
Signs and symptoms of a sunburn
may appear while you are under the UV rays. They may also appear a few hours after your exposure. Your symptoms may become worse 12 to 24 hours later. You may have any of the following:
- Red skin
- Pain or a burning feeling
- Swelling, and a feeling of tightness
- Peeling and flaking
Seek care immediately if:
- Your skin has many blisters, which break or bleed.
- You feel dizzy, weak, or faint.
- You have new headaches that do not go away with medicine.
- You have problems thinking or remembering things.
Contact your healthcare provider if:
- You have a fever.
- Your skin is red and itchy from the sunscreen.
- You have a new mole, or one that has changed color, shape, or size
- Your skin and mouth are dry, and you feel very thirsty.
- You have questions or concerns about your condition or care.
Treatment for a sunburn
may include any of the following:
- Acetaminophen is used to decrease pain. Too much acetaminophen can damage your liver. Read labels so that you know the active ingredients in each medicine that you take. Talk to your healthcare provider before you take more than one medicine that contains acetaminophen. Ask before you take over-the-counter medicine if you are also taking pain medicine ordered for you.
- NSAIDs , such as ibuprofen, help decrease swelling, pain, and fever. This medicine is available with or without a doctor's order. NSAIDs can cause stomach bleeding or kidney problems in certain people. If you take blood thinner medicine, always ask your healthcare provider if NSAIDs are safe for you. Always read the medicine label and follow directions.
- Steroids decrease redness, pain, and swelling. This medicine may be given as a pill, or used as a lotion to rub on sunburned areas.
Risks of a sunburn:
You may become dehydrated. Damaged cells may grow and become cancer cells that cause wounds or growths to appear on your skin. Your risk for skin cancer is increased if you had many sunburns as a child. Cancer cells may also spread to other parts of your body, such as your organs. This can be life-threatening.
Manage your symptoms:
- Apply a cool compress. A cool compress or wet towel can help soothe your skin.
- Take short baths or showers. Bathe or shower in lukewarm water. Add oatmeal, baking soda, or cornstarch to the bath water to help reduce skin irritation.
- Use lotions or gels to keep your skin moist. These include products such as aloe vera, petroleum jelly, or ointments. These may help cool your skin and decrease pain and redness. Ask which products would be best for you to use.
- Drink liquids as directed. This will help prevent dehydration. Ask which liquids are best for you and how much liquid to drink each day.
Prevent another sunburn:
- Wear sunscreen with an SPF of 15 or higher. Put sunscreen on 15 to 30 minutes before you go outside, and again every 2 hours. You will need to put sunscreen on again after you swim, sweat, or dry yourself with a towel.
- Wear clothing that will block UV rays. This includes dark, loose clothing made of a tight weave fabric. Pants, long-sleeved shirts, wide-brimmed hats, and sunglasses also help block UV rays.
- Stay indoors between 10 AM and 3 PM. This will help you avoid the highest concentrations of UV rays.
- Limit exposure. Do not stay outdoors or in tanning beds for long periods.
- Ask about vitamin supplements. Vitamins A, C, and E may help protect your skin against UV radiation.
Follow up with your healthcare provider as directed:
Write down your questions so you remember to ask them during your visits.
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The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.