Delavirdine Side Effects
Commonly reported side effects of delavirdine include: skin rash and nausea. Other side effects include: headache, fatigue, diarrhea, increased serum aspartate aminotransferase, and increased serum alanine aminotransferase. See below for a comprehensive list of adverse effects.
For the Consumer
Applies to delavirdine: oral tablet
In addition to its needed effects, some unwanted effects may be caused by delavirdine. In the event that any of these side effects do occur, they may require medical attention.
If any of the following side effects occur while taking delavirdine, check with your doctor or nurse as soon as possible:More common:
- Skin rash (severe) with itching
- Skin rash with symptoms such as fever, blistering, oral lesions, conjunctivitis, swelling, muscle aches, or joint aches
- Difficulty in breathing
- back, leg, or stomach pains
- bleeding gums
- dark urine
- decreased urine output
- difficulty breathing
- general body swelling
- loss of appetite
- muscle twitching
- pale skin
- rapid weight gain
- seizures (convulsions)
- sore throat
- swelling of face, ankles, or hands
- unusual tiredness or weakness
- yellowing of the eyes or skin
Minor Side Effects
Some of the side effects that can occur with delavirdine may not need medical attention. As your body adjusts to the medicine during treatment these side effects may go away. Your health care professional may also be able to tell you about ways to reduce or prevent some of these side effects. If any of the following side effects continue, are bothersome or if you have any questions about them, check with your health care professional:More common:
- Body aches or pain
- ear congestion
- feeling sad or empty
- general feeling of discomfort or illness
- joint pain
- lack or loss of strength
- loss of interest or pleasure
- loss of voice
- muscle aches and pains
- nasal congestion
- pain, localized
- pain or tenderness around eyes and cheekbones
- runny nose
- shortness of breath
- tightness in chest
- trouble concentrating
- trouble sleeping
- Abdominal pain, generalized
- dryness or soreness of throat
- tender, swollen glands in neck
- trouble in swallowing
- unable to sleep
- voice changes
For Healthcare Professionals
Applies to delavirdine: oral tablet
The majority of adverse effects were mild to moderate in intensity during clinical trials with delavirdine alone or with other antiretroviral agents. Dermatologic effects, primarily rash, are the most common adverse effects observed and have occurred in approximately 18% of patients enrolled in Phase I and Phase II clinical trials assessing combination therapy with delavirdine. Rash has reportedly appeared in up to 44% of patients in other clinical trials. In Phase I and II trials, delavirdine treatment was discontinued in 4.3% of treated patients secondary to drug rash and severe rash occurred in 3.6% of patients.[Ref]
Rash (typically occurring on the upper body and proximal arms) presents within 1 to 3 weeks of therapy as diffuse, maculopapular, erythematous, and often pruritic. It occurs more frequently in patients with lower CD4 counts. Dose titration does not significantly reduce the incidence of rash and, furthermore, is not recommended due to the rapid development of delavirdine resistant HIV strains when subpotent dosages are administered. Most cases resolve within 2 weeks and do not require discontinuation of delavirdine. Symptomatic treatment such as diphenhydramine or topical corticosteroids has provided relief in some cases.[Ref]
Dermatologic side effects have included grade 1 rash (erythema, pruritus; 16.7%), grade 2 rash (diffuse maculopapular rash, dry desquamation; 14.3%), and grade 3 rash (vesiculation, moist desquamation, ulceration; 4.4%). During clinical trials of delavirdine with other antiretroviral agents, rashes (13.4% to 19.5%), epidermal cyst, sebaceous cyst, angioedema, dermal leukocytoclastic vasculitis, dermatitis, desquamation, diaphoresis, discolored skin, dry skin, erythema, folliculitis, fungal dermatitis, hair loss, herpes zoster or simplex, nail disorder, petechiae, non-application site pruritus, seborrhea, skin hypertrophy, skin disorder, skin nodule, urticaria, vesiculobullous rash, and wart have been reported. Erythema multiforme and Stevens-Johnson syndrome occurred rarely and typically resolved with the discontinuation of delavirdine.[Ref]
Gastrointestinal side effects have included nausea (14.7% to 20.3%), vomiting (2.5% to 6.5%), diarrhea (2.4% to 5.9%), and generalized abdominal pain (2.4% to 5%) during clinical trials of delavirdine with other antiretroviral agents. Abdominal cramps, abdominal distention, localized abdominal pain, anorexia, constipation, gastritis, gastroesophageal reflux, bloody stool, colitis, increased or decreased appetite, Clostridium difficile associated diarrhea, diverticulitis, dry mouth, dyspepsia, dysphagia, all levels of enteritis, eructation, fecal incontinence, flatulence, gagging, gastroenteritis, gastrointestinal bleeding, gastrointestinal disorder, gingivitis, gum hemorrhage, increased saliva, increased thirst, ulcers or inflammation of the mouth or tongue, oral/enteric moniliasis, rectal disorder, sialadenitis, tooth abscess, toothache, and taste perversion have also been reported.[Ref]
Other side effects have included asthenia/fatigue (5.3% to 16%), fever (1.6% to 7.1%), flu syndrome (2.4% to 7.3%), and localized pain (1.8% to 5.7%) during clinical trials of delavirdine with other antiretroviral agents. Abscess, chills, generalized or localized edema, infection, viral infection, lip edema, malaise, Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection, neck rigidity, ear pain, parosmia, otitis media, and tinnitus have also been reported.[Ref]
Hematologic side effects have included adenopathy, bruising, eosinophilia, granulocytosis, leukopenia, pancytopenia, purpura, spleen disorder, thrombocytopenia, prolonged prothrombin time (greater than 1.5 times ULN), decreased hemoglobin (less than 7 mg/dL) and neutrophils (less than 750/mm3), and increased activated partial thromboplastin (greater than 2.33 times ULN) during clinical trials of delavirdine with other antiretroviral agents. Hemolytic anemia has been reported during postmarketing experience.[Ref]
Respiratory side effects have included upper respiratory infection (4.7% to 7.6%), sinusitis (1.2% to 7.3%), bronchitis (3.5% to 6.7%), cough (3.5% to 5%), pharyngitis (1.6% to 5%), chest congestion, dyspnea, epistaxis, hiccups, laryngismus, pneumonia, and rhinitis during clinical trials of delavirdine with other antiretroviral agents.[Ref]
Hepatic side effects have included increased alanine transaminase (ALT/SGPT; greater than 5 times ULN), aspartate transaminase (AST/SGOT; greater than 5 times ULN), gamma glutamyl transferase (GGT; greater than 5 times ULN), and bilirubin (greater than 2.5 times ULN), hepatomegaly, jaundice, nonspecific hepatitis, and pancreatitis during clinical trials of delavirdine with other antiretroviral agents. Hepatic failure has been reported during postmarketing experience.[Ref]
Metabolic side effects have included alcohol intolerance, increased amylase (greater than 2 times ULN), bilirubinemia, hyperglycemia (greater than 250 mg/dL), hypoglycemia (less than 40 mg/dL), hyperkalemia, hypertriglyceridemia, hyperuricemia, hypocalcemia, hyponatremia, hypophosphatemia, increased lipase, increased serum alkaline phosphatase, increased serum creatinine, and increased or decreased weight during clinical trials of delavirdine with other antiretroviral agents. Redistribution/accumulation of body fat including central obesity, dorsocervical fat enlargement, peripheral wasting, facial wasting, breast enlargement, and "cushingoid appearance" have been observed in patients receiving antiretroviral therapy.[Ref]
Psychiatric side effects have included depressive symptoms (4.9% to 12.6%), anxiety (2.4% to 6.7%), insomnia (1.2% to 5%), decreased libido, euphoria, hallucination, paranoid symptoms, nervousness, manic symptoms, and emotional lability during clinical trials of delavirdine with other antiretroviral agents.
Nervous system side effects have included headache (11.2% to 16.8%), abnormal coordination, agitation, amnesia, change in dreams, cognitive impairment, confusion, disorientation, dizziness, hyperesthesia, hyperreflexia, hypertonia, hypesthesia, impaired concentration, neuropathy, nystagmus, paralysis, restlessness, sleep cycle disorder, somnolence, tingling, tremor, vertigo, and weakness during clinical trials of delavirdine with other antiretroviral agents.
Cardiovascular side effects have included abnormal cardiac rate and rhythm, cardiac insufficiency, cardiomyopathy, hypertension, migraine, pallor, peripheral vascular disorder, and postural hypotension during clinical trials of delavirdine with other antiretroviral agents.
Renal side effects have included renal calculi and renal pain during clinical trials of delavirdine with other antiretroviral agents. Acute renal failure has been reported during postmarketing experience.
Ocular side effects have included blepharitis, blurred vision, conjunctivitis, diplopia, dry eyes, and photophobia during clinical trials of delavirdine with other antiretroviral agents.
Musculoskeletal side effects have included arthralgia or arthritis of single and multiple joints, bone disorder, bone pain, myalgia, tendon disorder, tenosynovitis, tetany, and muscle cramp during clinical trials of delavirdine with other antiretroviral agents. Rhabdomyolysis has been reported during postmarketing experience.[Ref]
Genitourinary side effects have included amenorrhea, breast enlargement, epididymitis, hemospermia, impotence, metrorrhagia, testicular pain, vaginal moniliasis, hematuria, chromaturia, impaired urination, nocturia, polyuria, proteinuria, and urinary tract infection during clinical trials of delavirdine with other antiretroviral agents.[Ref]
Immunologic side effects have included immune reconstitution syndrome. Autoimmune disorders (e.g., Graves' disease, polymyositis, and Guillain-Barre syndrome) have been reported in the setting of immune reconstitution.
Hypersensitivity side effects have included allergic reaction during clinical trials of delavirdine with other antiretroviral agents.
1. Warnke D, Barreto J, Temesgen Z "Antiretroviral drugs." J Clin Pharmacol 47 (2007): 1570-9
2. "Product Information. Rescriptor (delavirdine)." Pharmacia and Upjohn, Kalamazoo, MI.
3. Panel on Antiretroviral Therapy and Medical Management of HIV-Infected Children. NIH. National Institutes of Health "Guidelines for the use of antiretroviral agents in pediatric HIV infection. Available from: URL: http://aidsinfo.nih.gov/guidelines/html/2/pediatric-treatment-guidelines/0" ([2012 Nov 5]):
4. Scott LJ, Perry CM "Delavirdine - A review of its use in HIV infection." Drugs 60 (2000): 1411-44
5. HHS Panel on Antiretroviral Guidelines for Adults and Adolescents – A Working Group of the Office of AIDS Research Advisory Council (OARAC). NIH. National Institutes of Health "Guidelines for the use of antiretroviral agents in HIV-1-infected adults and adolescents. Available from: URL: http://aidsinfo.nih.gov/ContentFiles/AdultandAdolescentGL.pdf." ([2011 Oct 14]):
6. Conway B "Initial therapy with protease inhibitor-sparing regimens: Evaluation of nevirapine and delavirdine." Clin Infect Dis 30 (2000): s130-4
7. Bellman PC "Clinical experience with adding delavirdine to combination therapy in patients in whom multiple antiretroviral treatment including protease inhibitors has failed." AIDS 12 (1998): 1333-40
8. Davey RT Jr, Chaitt DG, Reed GF, Freimuth WW, Herpin BR, Metcalf JA, Eastman PS, Falloon J, Kovacs JA, Polis MA, Walker RE, Masur H, Boyle J "Randomized, controlled phase I/II, trial of combination therapy with delavirdine (U-90152S) and conventional nucleosides in huma immunodeficiency virus type 1-infected patients." Antimicrob Agents Chemother 40 (1996): 1657-64
9. Holtzer CD, Coleman RL "Use of nonnucleoside reverse-transcriptase inhibitors." Am J Health Syst Pharm 55 (1998): 283-7
10. Moyle G "The emerging roles of non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors in antiretroviral therapy." Drugs 61 (2001): 19-26
Not all side effects for delavirdine may be reported. You should always consult a doctor or healthcare professional for medical advice. Side effects can be reported to the FDA here.
More about delavirdine
- Other brands: Rescriptor
Related treatment guides
Disclaimer: Every effort has been made to ensure that the information provided is accurate, up-to-date and complete, but no guarantee is made to that effect. In addition, the drug information contained herein may be time sensitive and should not be utilized as a reference resource beyond the date hereof. This material does not endorse drugs, diagnose patients, or recommend therapy. This information is a reference resource designed as supplement to, and not a substitute for, the expertise, skill , knowledge, and judgement of healthcare practitioners in patient care. The absence of a warning for a given drug or combination thereof in no way should be construed to indicate safety, effectiveness, or appropriateness for any given patient. Drugs.com does not assume any responsibility for any aspect of healthcare administered with the aid of materials provided. The information contained herein is not intended to cover all possible uses, directions, precautions, warnings, drug interactions, allergic reactions, or adverse effects. If you have questions about the substances you are taking, check with your doctor, nurse, or pharmacist.