Clofazimine Side Effects
Medically reviewed by Drugs.com. Last updated on Aug 31, 2022.
Applies to clofazimine: oral capsules.
Side effects include:
For Healthcare Professionals
Applies to clofazimine: oral capsule.
Gastrointestinal (GI) side effects have included clofazimine enteropathy. Abdominal and epigastric pain, diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, and GI intolerance have been reported in 40% to 50% of patients. Rare reports of GI bleeding, bowel obstruction, anorexia, constipation, weight loss, and eosinophilic enteritis have been reported in less than 1% of patients.[Ref]
Clofazimine enteropathy may manifest as colicky abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and weight loss. In some cases these side effects have prompted unnecessary discontinuation or exploratory laparotomy. Exploratory laparotomy findings in some patients with clofazimine-associated severe abdominal pain have often shown diffuse visceral hyperpigmentation, lymphadenopathy, eosinophilic mucosal and submucosal infiltration. Clofazimine crystalline infiltration in the intestinal and gall bladder mucosa, and in the bile, liver, and spleen have been documented.[Ref]
Dermatologic side effects have been commonly reported. These have included pigmentation from pink to brownish-black in 75% to 100% of the patients within a few weeks of treatment. Ichthyosis and dryness have been reported in 8% to 28% of patients. Rash and pruritus have been reported in 1% to 5% of patients. Erythroderma, acneiform eruptions, monilial cheilosis have been reported in less than 1% of patients. Phototoxicity and erythroderma have been reported rarely. Melanosis has also been observed, which resolved at a slower rate after the drug was discontinued.[Ref]
The reddish-brown rash may become generalized, but typically involves only lepromatous lesions in patients with leprosy. The discoloration is reversible upon drug discontinuation, may be seen for up to 5 years, and may also involve the tears, saliva, feces, and sputum.[Ref]
Rare cases of "bull's eye" retinopathy due to annular macular pigmentary abnormalities have been reported, but may have been associated with CMV retinitis in some of the patients since they also had AIDS and, in some cases, evidence of CMV infection.[Ref]
Ocular side effects have included corneal and conjunctival pigmentation and decreased visual acuity. Diminished vision and ocular dryness, burning, itching, and irritation have been reported in greater than 1% of patients. Macular pigmentary abnormalities have also been reported.[Ref]
Rare cases of exfoliative dermatitis have been believed to be due to hypersensitivity since rechallenge with even small doses reproduced the signs and symptoms.[Ref]
Hypersensitivity side effects have rarely included exfoliative dermatitis.[Ref]
Cardiovascular side effects including thromboembolism have been reported.
Genitourinary side effects including cystitis have been reported in less than 1% of patients.
Musculoskeletal side effects including bone pain have been reported in less than 1% of patients.
Psychiatric side effects including depression secondary to skin discoloration have been reported. At least two cases of suicides have also been reported.
Hematologic side effects including elevated erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) have been reported in greater than 1% of patients. Eosinophilia, splenic infarction, anemia, and lymphadenopathy have been reported in less than 1% of patients.[Ref]
Other side effects including elevated albumin, fever, and edema have been reported in less than 1% of patients.
More about clofazimine
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- Dosage information
- During pregnancy
- Drug class: leprostatics
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