(vye GA ba trin)
Excipient information presented when available (limited, particularly for generics); consult specific product labeling.
Sabril: 500 mg (50 ea)
Generic: 500 mg (1 ea, 50 ea)
Sabril: 500 mg [scored]
Brand Names: U.S.
- Anticonvulsant, Miscellaneous
Irreversibly inhibits gamma-aminobutyric acid transaminase (GABA-T), increasing the levels of the inhibitory compound gamma amino butyric acid (GABA) within the brain. Duration of effect is dependent upon rate of GABA-T resynthesis.
Vd: 1.1 L/kg
Urine (80% as unchanged drug)
Clearance: Infants: 2.4 ± 0.8 L/hour; Children: 5.7 ± 2.5 L/hour; Adults: 7 L/hour
Time to Peak
Infants and Children 5 months to 2 years: 2.5 hours; Children and Adolescents 10 to 16 years and Adults: 1 hour (2 hours with food)
Duration of Action
Resynthesis of GABA-T dependent: Variable (not strictly correlated to serum concentrations)
Prolonged in renal impairment
5 months to 2 years: ~5.7 hours
4 to 14 years: ~5.5 hours (Sabril Canadian product monograph)
10 to 16 years: 9.5 hours
Adult patients: 10.5 hours
Special Populations: Renal Function Impairment
AUC increased 30% and half-life increased 55% in patients with mild renal impairment (CrCl >50 to 80 mL/minute). AUC and half-life increased twofold in patients with moderate renal impairment (CrCl >30 to 50 mL/minute). In patients with severe renal impairment (CrCl >10 to 30 mL/minute), AUC increased 4.5-fold and half-life increased 3.5-fold.
Special Populations: Elderly
Renal clearance was 36% lower in elderly patients compared with younger patients.
Special Populations: Race
Renal clearance was 25% higher in white patients compared with Japanese patients.
Use: Labeled Indications
Infantile spasms: As monotherapy for pediatric patients 1 month to 2 years of age with infantile spasms for whom the potential benefits outweigh the potential risk of vision loss.
Refractory complex partial seizures: As adjunctive therapy for adults and pediatric patients 10 years and older with refractory complex partial seizures who have inadequately responded to several alternative treatments and for whom the potential benefits outweigh the risk of vision loss.
There are no contraindications listed in the manufacturer’s labeling.
Canadian labeling: Hypersensitivity to vigabatrin or any component of the formulation; pregnancy; breast-feeding
Refractory complex partial seizures: Oral: Initial: 500 mg twice daily; increase daily dose by 500 mg increments at weekly intervals based on response and tolerability. Recommended dose: 1.5 g twice daily. Note: To taper, decrease dose by 1 g daily on a weekly basis. Withdraw therapy if a substantial clinical benefit is not observed within 3 months of treatment initiation; discontinue therapy if evidence of treatment failure becomes obvious earlier than 3 months.
Refractory complex partial seizures: Refer to adult dosing. Initiate at low end of dosage range; monitor closely for sedation and confusion.
Infantile spasms: Infants and Children 1 month to 2 years: Oral: Powder for suspension only: Initial dosing: 50 mg/kg/day divided twice daily; may titrate upwards by 25 to 50 mg/kg/day increments every 3 days to a maximum of 150 mg/kg/day divided twice daily. Note: Tablets should not be used for infantile spasm due to difficulty in administering to infants and young children. To taper, decrease dose by 25 to 50 mg/kg/day increments every 3 to 4 days. Withdraw therapy if a substantial clinical benefit is not observed within 2 to 4 weeks; discontinue treatment if evidence of treatment failure becomes obvious earlier than 2 to 4 weeks.
Refractory complex partial seizures:
Children and Adolescents 10 to <17 years and 25 to 60 kg: Initial: 250 mg twice daily; increase daily dose by 500 mg increments at weekly intervals based on response and tolerability. Recommended dose: 1,000 mg twice daily. Note: To taper, decrease daily dose by one-third every week for 3 weeks. Withdraw therapy if a substantial clinical benefit is not observed within 3 months of treatment initiation; discontinue therapy if evidence of treatment failure becomes obvious earlier than 3 months.
Children ≥10 years and >60 kg and Adolescents ≥17 years: Refer to adult dosing.
Alternative recommendations (off-label dosing in US):
Children ≥2 years (≥10 kg) and Adolescents ≤16 years: Oral: Initial: 40 mg/kg/day divided twice daily; maintenance dosages based on patient weight (Camposano 2008; Coppola 2004; Sabril Canadian product monograph 2015; Willmore 2009):
10 to 15 kg: 500 to 1,000 mg daily divided twice daily
16 to 30 kg: 1,000 to 1,500 mg daily divided twice daily
31 to 50 kg: 1,500 to 3,000 mg daily divided twice daily
>50 kg: 2,000 to 3,000 mg daily divided twice daily
Adolescents ≥17 years: Refer to adult dosing.
Dosing: Renal Impairment
Note: Renal function may be estimated using the Schwartz equation (children 10 to <12 years) and the Cockcroft-Gault formula (children ≥12 years, adolescents, and adults):
Children (≥10 years), Adolescents, and Adults:
CrCl >50 to 80 mL/minute: Decrease dose by 25%
CrCl >30 to 50 mL/minute: Decrease dose by 50%
CrCl >10 to 30 mL/minute: Decrease dose by 75%
Children ≥2 years to <10 years: There are no dosage adjustments provided in the manufacturer’s labeling (has not been studied) (Sabril Canadian product monograph 2015). Vigabatrin primarily undergoes renal elimination; dose reductions are likely needed. Use with caution.
Dosing: Hepatic Impairment
There are no dosage adjustments provided in the manufacturer’s labeling; has not been studied. However, does not undergo appreciable hepatic metabolism.
Powder for oral solution: Dissolve each 500 mg powder packet in 10 mL of cold or room temperature water to make a 50 mg/mL solution. Alternatively, the powder may be dissolved with 10 mL of fruit juice, milk, or infant formula (Sabril Canadian product labeling 2015). After reconstitution, use immediately; discard any unused portion or if the resulting solution is not free of particles or colorless.
Administer without regard to meals.
Oral solution: Mix with water immediately prior to administration. Administer using an oral syringe (provided).
Store at 20°C to 25°C (68°F to 77°F).
Alcohol (Ethyl): CNS Depressants may enhance the CNS depressant effect of Alcohol (Ethyl). Monitor therapy
Azelastine (Nasal): CNS Depressants may enhance the CNS depressant effect of Azelastine (Nasal). Avoid combination
Blonanserin: CNS Depressants may enhance the CNS depressant effect of Blonanserin. Consider therapy modification
Brimonidine (Topical): May enhance the CNS depressant effect of CNS Depressants. Monitor therapy
Buprenorphine: CNS Depressants may enhance the CNS depressant effect of Buprenorphine. Management: Consider reduced doses of other CNS depressants, and avoiding such drugs in patients at high risk of buprenorphine overuse/self-injection. Initiate buprenorphine patches (Butrans brand) at 5 mcg/hr in adults when used with other CNS depressants. Consider therapy modification
Cannabis: May enhance the CNS depressant effect of CNS Depressants. Monitor therapy
Chlormethiazole: May enhance the CNS depressant effect of CNS Depressants. Management: Monitor closely for evidence of excessive CNS depression. The chlormethiazole labeling states that an appropriately reduced dose should be used if such a combination must be used. Consider therapy modification
Chlorphenesin Carbamate: May enhance the adverse/toxic effect of CNS Depressants. Monitor therapy
ClonazePAM: Vigabatrin may enhance the CNS depressant effect of ClonazePAM. Vigabatrin may increase the serum concentration of ClonazePAM. Monitor therapy
CNS Depressants: May enhance the adverse/toxic effect of other CNS Depressants. Monitor therapy
Dimethindene (Topical): May enhance the CNS depressant effect of CNS Depressants. Monitor therapy
Doxylamine: May enhance the CNS depressant effect of CNS Depressants. Management: The manufacturer of Diclegis (doxylamine/pyridoxine), intended for use in pregnancy, specifically states that use with other CNS depressants is not recommended. Monitor therapy
Dronabinol: May enhance the CNS depressant effect of CNS Depressants. Monitor therapy
Droperidol: May enhance the CNS depressant effect of CNS Depressants. Management: Consider dose reductions of droperidol or of other CNS agents (e.g., opioids, barbiturates) with concomitant use. Consider therapy modification
Flunitrazepam: CNS Depressants may enhance the CNS depressant effect of Flunitrazepam. Consider therapy modification
Fosphenytoin: Vigabatrin may decrease the serum concentration of Fosphenytoin. Monitor therapy
HYDROcodone: CNS Depressants may enhance the CNS depressant effect of HYDROcodone. Management: Avoid concomitant use of hydrocodone and benzodiazepines or other CNS depressants when possible. These agents should only be combined if alternative treatment options are inadequate. If combined, limit the dosages and duration of each drug. Consider therapy modification
HydrOXYzine: May enhance the CNS depressant effect of CNS Depressants. Monitor therapy
Kava Kava: May enhance the adverse/toxic effect of CNS Depressants. Monitor therapy
Lofexidine: May enhance the CNS depressant effect of CNS Depressants. Monitor therapy
Magnesium Sulfate: May enhance the CNS depressant effect of CNS Depressants. Monitor therapy
Mefloquine: May diminish the therapeutic effect of Anticonvulsants. Mefloquine may decrease the serum concentration of Anticonvulsants. Management: Mefloquine is contraindicated for malaria prophylaxis in persons with a history of convulsions. Monitor anticonvulsant concentrations and treatment response closely with concurrent use. Consider therapy modification
Methotrimeprazine: May enhance the CNS depressant effect of CNS Depressants. CNS Depressants may enhance the CNS depressant effect of Methotrimeprazine. Management: Reduce adult dose of CNS depressant agents by 50% with initiation of concomitant methotrimeprazine therapy. Further CNS depressant dosage adjustments should be initiated only after clinically effective methotrimeprazine dose is established. Consider therapy modification
MetyroSINE: CNS Depressants may enhance the sedative effect of MetyroSINE. Monitor therapy
Mianserin: May diminish the therapeutic effect of Anticonvulsants. Monitor therapy
Minocycline: May enhance the CNS depressant effect of CNS Depressants. Monitor therapy
Mirtazapine: CNS Depressants may enhance the CNS depressant effect of Mirtazapine. Monitor therapy
Nabilone: May enhance the CNS depressant effect of CNS Depressants. Monitor therapy
Opioid Analgesics: CNS Depressants may enhance the CNS depressant effect of Opioid Analgesics. Management: Avoid concomitant use of opioid analgesics and benzodiazepines or other CNS depressants when possible. These agents should only be combined if alternative treatment options are inadequate. If combined, limit the dosages and duration of each drug. Consider therapy modification
Orlistat: May decrease the serum concentration of Anticonvulsants. Monitor therapy
Orphenadrine: CNS Depressants may enhance the CNS depressant effect of Orphenadrine. Avoid combination
Oxomemazine: May enhance the CNS depressant effect of CNS Depressants. Avoid combination
OxyCODONE: CNS Depressants may enhance the CNS depressant effect of OxyCODONE. Management: Avoid concomitant use of oxycodone and benzodiazepines or other CNS depressants when possible. These agents should only be combined if alternative treatment options are inadequate. If combined, limit the dosages and duration of each drug. Consider therapy modification
Paraldehyde: CNS Depressants may enhance the CNS depressant effect of Paraldehyde. Avoid combination
Perampanel: May enhance the CNS depressant effect of CNS Depressants. Management: Patients taking perampanel with any other drug that has CNS depressant activities should avoid complex and high-risk activities, particularly those such as driving that require alertness and coordination, until they have experience using the combination. Consider therapy modification
Phenytoin: Vigabatrin may decrease the serum concentration of Phenytoin. Monitor therapy
Piribedil: CNS Depressants may enhance the CNS depressant effect of Piribedil. Monitor therapy
Pramipexole: CNS Depressants may enhance the sedative effect of Pramipexole. Monitor therapy
ROPINIRole: CNS Depressants may enhance the sedative effect of ROPINIRole. Monitor therapy
Rotigotine: CNS Depressants may enhance the sedative effect of Rotigotine. Monitor therapy
Rufinamide: May enhance the adverse/toxic effect of CNS Depressants. Specifically, sleepiness and dizziness may be enhanced. Monitor therapy
Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors: CNS Depressants may enhance the adverse/toxic effect of Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors. Specifically, the risk of psychomotor impairment may be enhanced. Monitor therapy
Sodium Oxybate: May enhance the CNS depressant effect of CNS Depressants. Management: Consider alternatives to combined use. When combined use is needed, consider minimizing doses of one or more drugs. Use of sodium oxybate with alcohol or sedative hypnotics is contraindicated. Consider therapy modification
Suvorexant: CNS Depressants may enhance the CNS depressant effect of Suvorexant. Management: Dose reduction of suvorexant and/or any other CNS depressant may be necessary. Use of suvorexant with alcohol is not recommended, and the use of suvorexant with any other drug to treat insomnia is not recommended. Consider therapy modification
Tapentadol: May enhance the CNS depressant effect of CNS Depressants. Management: Avoid concomitant use of tapentadol and benzodiazepines or other CNS depressants when possible. These agents should only be combined if alternative treatment options are inadequate. If combined, limit the dosages and duration of each drug. Consider therapy modification
Tetrahydrocannabinol: May enhance the CNS depressant effect of CNS Depressants. Monitor therapy
Thalidomide: CNS Depressants may enhance the CNS depressant effect of Thalidomide. Avoid combination
Trimeprazine: May enhance the CNS depressant effect of CNS Depressants. Monitor therapy
Zolpidem: CNS Depressants may enhance the CNS depressant effect of Zolpidem. Management: Reduce the Intermezzo brand sublingual zolpidem adult dose to 1.75 mg for men who are also receiving other CNS depressants. No such dose change is recommended for women. Avoid use with other CNS depressants at bedtime; avoid use with alcohol. Consider therapy modification
Vigabatrin has been reported to decrease AST and ALT activity in the plasma in up to 90% of patients, causing the enzymes to become undetectable in some patients; this may preclude use of AST and ALT as markers for hepatic injury. Vigabatrin may increase amino acids in the urine leading to false-positive tests for rare genetic metabolic disorders
Adult and pediatric information is combined unless significantly different.
Central nervous system: Drowsiness (infants: 17% to 45%; adults: 22% to 24%), headache (33%), fatigue (23% to 28%), dizziness (21% to 24%), irritability (infants: 16% to 23%; adults: 10%), sedation (infants: 17% to 19%; adults: 2% to 4%), insomnia (infants: 10% to 12%)
Dermatologic: Skin rash (infants: 8% to 11%)
Gastrointestinal: Vomiting (infants: 14% to 20%; adults: 7%), constipation (infants: 12% to 14%; adults: 6% to 8%), diarrhea (10% to 13%)
Infection: Viral infection (infants: 19% to 20%)
Neuromuscular & skeletal: Tremor (14% to 15%)
Ophthalmic: Visual field loss (≥30%), nystagmus (13% to 15%), blurred vision (11% to 13%)
Otic: Otitis media (infants: 10% to 44%)
Respiratory: Upper respiratory tract infection (infants: 46% to 51%; adults: 7% to 9%), bronchitis (infants: 30%), pharyngitis (13% to 14%), pneumonia (infants: 11% to 13%), nasal congestion (infants: 4% to 13%)
Miscellaneous: Fever (infants: 19% to 29%; adults: 4% to 5%)
1% to 10%:
Cardiovascular: Peripheral edema (2% to 5%), edema (1%)
Central nervous system: Memory impairment (7% to 10%), ataxia (7% to 9%), disturbance in attention (5% to 9%), depression (4% to 7%), lethargy (4% to 7%), seizure (infants: 4% to 7%), confusion (4% to 6%), hypotonia (infants: 4% to 6%), status epilepticus (2% to 6%), paresthesia (5%), hyporeflexia (4% to 5%), sensory disturbance (4% to 5%), anxiety (4%), hyperreflexia (4%), hypoesthesia (3% to 4%), abnormal behavior (3%), abnormality in thinking (3%), aggressive behavior (2%), dysarthria (2%), impaired consciousness (2%), vertigo (2%)
Endocrine & metabolic: Weight gain (6% to 8%), fluid retention (2%), increased thirst (2%)
Gastrointestinal: Nausea (9% to 10%), decreased appetite (infants: 7% to 9%), viral gastroenteritis (infants: 5% to 6%), abdominal pain (3% to 5%), dyspepsia (4%), abdominal distention (2%), increased appetite (2%), hemorrhoids (2%)
Genitourinary: Dysmenorrhea (7% to 9%), urinary tract infection (4% to 6%)
Hematologic & oncologic: Bruise (3% to 4%)
Infection: Candidiasis (infants: 3% to 8%), influenza (3% to 5%)
Neuromuscular & skeletal: Arthralgia (8% to 10%), limb pain (5% to 6%), back pain (4% to 6%), weakness (5%), myalgia (3%), muscle spasm (2% to 3%), joint swelling (2%), shoulder pain (2%)
Ophthalmic: Diplopia (3% to 7%), strabismus (5%), conjunctivitis (2% to 5%), asthenopia (2%)
Otic: Tinnitus (2%)
Respiratory: Pharyngolaryngeal pain (7% to 9%), sinusitis (infants: 5% to 9%), cough (2% to 8%), sinus headache (4% to 6%), croup (infants: 1% to 5%), dyspnea (2%)
<1% (Limited to important or life-threatening): Acute psychosis, angioedema, brain disease, cholestasis, deafness, delirium, facial edema, gastrointestinal hemorrhage, hypomania, laryngeal edema, malignant hyperthermia, multi-organ failure, optic neuritis, pruritus, psychosis, pulmonary embolism, respiratory failure, sexual disorder (delayed puberty), Stevens-Johnson syndrome, toxic epidermal necrolysis
Concerns related to adverse effects:
• Anemia: Use has been associated with decreased hemoglobin and hematocrit; cases of significantly reduced hemoglobin (<8 g/dL) and/or hematocrit (<24%) have been reported.
• CNS depression: May cause CNS depression, which may impair physical or mental abilities; patients must be cautioned about performing tasks which require mental alertness (eg, operating machinery or driving).
• Edema: Peripheral edema and edema independent of hypertension, heart failure, weight gain, renal or hepatic dysfunction has been reported.
• Neurotoxicity: Patients must be closely monitored for potential neurotoxicity (observed in animal models but not established in adults).
• Peripheral neuropathy: Peripheral neuropathy manifesting as numbness or tingling in the toes or feet, reduced distal lower limb vibration or position sensation, or progressive loss of reflexes, starting at the ankles, has been reported in adult patients.
• Suicidal ideation: Pooled analysis of trials involving various antiepileptics (regardless of indication) showed an increased risk of suicidal thoughts/behavior (incidence rate: 0.43% treated patients compared to 0.24% of patients receiving placebo); risk observed as early as 1 week after initiation and continued through duration of trials (most trials ≤24 weeks). Monitor all patients for notable changes in behavior that might indicate suicidal thoughts or depression; notify healthcare provider immediately if symptoms occur.
• Vision loss: [US Boxed Warning]: Vigabatrin causes permanent vision loss in infants, children, and adults. Due to the risk of vision loss and because vigabatrin, provides an observable symptomatic benefit when it is effective, the patient who fails to show substantial clinical benefit within a short period of time after initiation of treatment (2 to 4 weeks for infantile spasms; <3 months for refractory complex partial seizures), should be withdrawn from therapy. If in the clinical judgment of the prescriber evidence of treatment failure becomes obvious earlier in treatment, vigabatrin should be discontinued at that time. Patient response to and continued need for treatment should be periodically assessed. The onset of vision loss is unpredictable, and can occur within weeks of starting treatment or sooner, or at any time during treatment, even after months or years. The risk of vision loss increases with increasing dose and cumulative exposure, but there is no dose or exposure known to be free of risk of vision loss. It is possible that vision loss can worsen despite discontinuation. Assessment of vision loss is difficult in children and the frequency and extent of vision loss in infants and children is poorly characterized. Most data are available in adult patients. Vigabatrin causes permanent bilateral concentric visual field constriction in >30% of patients ranging in severity from mild to severe, including tunnel vision to within 10 degrees of visual fixation, and can result in disability. In some cases, vigabatrin can damage the central retina and may decrease visual acuity. Symptoms of vision loss are unlikely to be recognized by the patient or caregiver before loss is severe. Vision loss of milder severity, although potentially unrecognized by the patient or caregiver, may still adversely affect function. Vision should be assessed to the extent possible at baseline (no later than 4 weeks after initiation), at least every 3 months during therapy and at 3 to 6 months after discontinuation. Once detected, vision loss is not reversible; even with frequent monitoring, it is expected that some patients will develop severe vision loss. In patients who cannot be tested, treatment may continue according to clinical judgement, with appropriate patient counseling. Vigabatrin should not be used in patients with, or at high risk of, other types of irreversible vision loss unless the benefits of treatment clearly outweigh the risks. The interaction of other types of irreversible vision damage with vision damage from vigabatrin has not been well-characterized, but is likely adverse. Vigabatrin should not be used with other drugs associated with serious adverse ophthalmic effects such as retinopathy or glaucoma unless the benefits clearly outweigh the risks. The lowest dose and shortest exposure should be used that is consistent with clinical objectives. The possibility that vision loss from vigabatrin may be more common, more severe or have more severe functional consequences in infants and children than in adults cannot be excluded.
• Weight gain: Use has been associated with an average weight gain of 3.5 kg in adults and ≥7% of baseline body weight in pediatric patients.
• Psychiatric behavior: Use with caution in patients with a history of psychosis (psychotic/agitated reactions may occur more frequently), depression, or behavioral problems.
• Renal impairment: Use with caution in patients with renal impairment; modify dose in children (≥10 years) and adults with renal impairment (CrCl <80 mL/minute).
• Seizures: May cause an increase in seizure frequency in some patients; use with particular caution in patients with myoclonic seizures, which may be more prone to this effect.
Concurrent drug therapy issues:
• Drug-drug interactions: Potentially significant interactions may exist, requiring dose or frequency adjustment, additional monitoring, and/or selection of alternative therapy. Consult drug interactions database for more detailed information.
• Elderly: Use with caution in the elderly as moderate to severe sedation and confusion have been reported; consider dose and/or frequency adjustments as renal clearance may be decreased.
• Appropriate use: Vigabatrin is not indicated as a first-line agent for complex partial seizures.
• MRI abnormalities: Abnormal MRI changes have been reported in some infants. Resolution of MRI changes usually occurs with discontinuation of therapy. MRI changes were not seen in older children and adult patients.
• REMS program: Because of the risk of permanent vision loss, vigabatrin is only available through a restricted distribution program under a Risk Evaluation and Mitigation Strategy (REMS) program. Under the Vigabatrin REMS program, only prescribers and pharmacies registered with the program are able to prescribe and distribute vigabatrin. Vigabatrin may only be dispensed to patients who are enrolled in and meet all conditions of the Vigabatrin REMS program. Call 866-244-8175 or visit http://www.vigabatrinREMS.com for further information.
• Withdrawal: Anticonvulsants should not be discontinued abruptly because of the possibility of increasing seizure frequency; therapy should be withdrawn gradually to minimize the potential of increased seizure frequency, unless safety concerns require a more rapid withdrawal.
Ophthalmologic examination by an ophthalmic professional with expertise in visual field interpretation and the ability to perform dilated indirect ophthalmoscopy of the retina at baseline (no later than 4 weeks after therapy initiation), periodically during therapy (every 3 months), and 3 to 6 months after discontinuation of therapy; assessment should include visual acuity and visual field whenever possible including mydriatic peripheral fundus examination and visual field perimetry, preferably by automated threshold visual field testing. Observe patient for excessive sedation, especially when instituting or increasing therapy; hemoglobin and hematocrit; suicidality (eg, suicidal thoughts, depression, behavioral changes); weight gain/edema
Pregnancy Risk Factor
Adverse events were observed in animal reproduction studies. Vigabatrin crosses the placenta in humans (Tran 1998). Birth defects have been reported following use in pregnancy and include: cardiac defects, limb defects, male genital malformations, fetal anticonvulsant syndrome, renal and ear abnormalities. Time of exposure or maternal dosage was not reported and information is not available relating to the incidence or types of these outcomes in comparison to the general epilepsy population. Visual field examinations have been conducted following in utero exposure in a limited number of children tested at ≥6 years of age; no visual field loss was observed in 4 children and results were inconclusive in 2 others (Lawthorn 2009; Sorri 2005).
Data collection to monitor pregnancy and infant outcomes following exposure to vigabatrin is ongoing. Healthcare providers are encouraged to enroll women exposed to vigabatrin during pregnancy in the North American Antiepileptic Drug (NAAED) Pregnancy Registry by calling 1-888-233-2334. Additional information is available at www.aedpregnancyregistry.org.
• Discuss specific use of drug and side effects with patient as it relates to treatment. (HCAHPS: During this hospital stay, were you given any medicine that you had not taken before? Before giving you any new medicine, how often did hospital staff tell you what the medicine was for? How often did hospital staff describe possible side effects in a way you could understand?)
• Patient may experience fatigue, constipation, abdominal pain, cough, pharyngitis, rhinitis, headache, insomnia, joint pain, diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, tooth pain, back pain, increased hunger, decreased hunger, tremors, flu-like symptoms, inability to focus, anxiety, nightmares, or twitching. Have patient report immediately to prescriber burning or numbness feeling, angina, change in balance, severe dizziness, passing out, confusion, seizures, severe loss of strength and energy, vision changes, blindness, involuntary eye movements, severe muscle pain, severe muscle weakness, edema, painful urination, polyuria, excessive weight gain, memory impairment, abnormal gait, agitation, irritability, panic attacks, mood changes, or signs of depression (suicidal ideation, anxiety, emotional instability, or confusion) (HCAHPS).
• Educate patient about signs of a significant reaction (eg, wheezing; chest tightness; fever; itching; bad cough; blue skin color; seizures; or swelling of face, lips, tongue, or throat). Note: This is not a comprehensive list of all side effects. Patient should consult prescriber for additional questions.
Intended Use and Disclaimer: Should not be printed and given to patients. This information is intended to serve as a concise initial reference for health care professionals to use when discussing medications with a patient. You must ultimately rely on your own discretion, experience, and judgment in diagnosing, treating, and advising patients.
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- Drug class: gamma-aminobutyric acid analogs
Other brands: Sabril