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Medically reviewed by Last updated on Nov 14, 2022.

What are other common names?

  • Mentha arvensis
  • Mentha halpocalyx
  • Mentha lavanduliodora
  • Mentha x piperita L. Peppermint is a hybrid of Mentha spicata L. (spearmint) and Mentha aquatica L. Family: Lamiaceae (mints)
  • Mentha x piperita
  • Black Peppermint
  • Bo He
  • Brandy Mint
  • Chinese Peppermint
  • Corn Mint
  • Extract of Mentha Piperita
  • Extract of Peppermint
  • Extract of Peppermint Leaves
  • Extrait de Feuilles de Menthe de Poivrée
  • Extrait de Mentha Piperita
  • Extrait de Menthe Poivrée
  • Field Mint
  • Herba Menthae
  • Huile de Mentha Piperita
  • Huile de Menthe Poivrée
  • Huile Essentiella de Menthe Poivrée
  • Lamb Mint
  • Mentha Lavanduliodora
  • Mentha Oil
  • Mentha Piperita
  • Mentha Piperita Extract
  • Mentha Piperita Oil
  • Mentha x piperita
  • Menthae Piperitae Aetheroleum
  • Menthae Piperitae Folium
  • Menthe
  • Menthe Poivrée
  • Menthol
  • Mint
  • Mint Balm
  • Oil of Peppermint
  • Paparaminta
  • Peppermint Essential Oil
  • Peppermint Extract
  • Peppermint Leaf
  • Peppermint Leaf Extract
  • Peppermint Oil
  • Western Peppermint

What is this product used for?

Peppermint oil is used to help with irritable bowel syndrome. It can help to decrease upset stomach, bloating, or gas. Rubbed on skin, it may help with pain, muscle aches, or headaches. No information currently supports the use of dried peppermint leaves for any condition.

What are the precautions when taking this product?

  • Always check with your doctor before you use a natural product. Some products may not mix well with drugs or other natural products. Some drugs may have worse side effects if you take them with this natural product.

  • This product may interfere with some lab tests. Be sure to talk with your doctor about this and all drugs you are taking.

  • Do not take this product by mouth if you are pregnant or breastfeeding.

  • Do not take this product by mouth if you have gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), heartburn, or gastric ulcers.

  • Do not take this product if you are taking the drug pimozide.

  • Take extra care if you take this product with antacids or other drugs for heartburn.

  • Do not put peppermint oil on the face, especially under the nose of a child or infant.

  • Take extra care and check with your doctor if you have:

    • Gallstones

    • Stomach ulcers

    • Reflux disease or hiatal hernia

    • Heartburn

    • Liver problems

What should I watch for?

  • Tears in eyes

  • Heartburn

  • Flushing

  • Rash or irritated skin

  • Itching around the anus or genitals

When do I need to call the doctor?

  • Signs of a very bad reaction. These include wheezing; chest tightness; fever; itching; bad cough; blue skin color; seizures; or swelling of face, lips, tongue, or throat. Go to the ER right away.

  • Very bad throwing up

  • Very bad belly pain

  • Very bad loose stools

  • Very bad headache

  • Very bad skin or mouth sores

Where can I learn more?

National Center for Complementary and Integrative Medicine

Last Reviewed Date


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