Skip to main content

Capsicum Peppers

Medically reviewed by Last updated on Oct 13, 2023.

What are other common names?

  • Capsicum annuum
  • Capsicum baccatum
  • Capsicum chinense
  • Capsicum frutescens
  • Capsicum minimum
  • Capsicum pubescens
  • African Bird Peppers
  • African Chilies
  • African Peppers
  • Aji
  • Bell Peppers
  • Bird Peppers
  • Capsaicin
  • Capsicum
  • Capsicum Fruits
  • Capzasin-HP
  • Capzasin-P
  • Cayenne
  • Cayenne Fruit
  • Cayenne Pepper
  • Cayenne Peppers
  • Chile
  • Chile Peppers
  • Chili
  • Chili Peppers
  • Chilli
  • Chilli Pepper
  • Chilli Peppers
  • Chillies
  • Cis-Capsaicin
  • Garden Peppers
  • Goat's Pod
  • Green Chili Peppers
  • Green Pepper
  • Green Peppers
  • Hot Peppers
  • Hungarian Peppers
  • Jalapeno
  • Jalapeño Peppers
  • Louisiana Long Pepper
  • Louisiana Long Peppers
  • Louisiana Sport Peppers
  • Mexican Chiles
  • Oleoresin Capsicum
  • Paprika
  • Pili-Pili
  • Pimiento
  • Red
  • Red Peppers
  • Sweet Peppers
  • Tabasco Pepper
  • Tabasco Peppers
  • Thai Peppers
  • Trans-Capsaicin
  • Zanzibar Peppers
  • Zostrix
  • Zucapsaicin

What is this product used for?

Capsicum peppers include many types of chilies and peppers. They are often used as flavorings in food or sold as a dietary supplement product. Some people also use this product on their skin to help relieve pain. Other people apply this product in the nose to help reduce a runny nose that is not from allergies or infections. It is also used to improve some symptoms of skin problems like psoriasis. This product is used in self-defense sprays.

What are the precautions when taking this product?

  • Always check with your doctor before you use a natural product. Some products may not mix well with drugs or other natural products.

  • Be sure to tell your doctor that you take this product if you are scheduled for surgery or tests.

  • Be sure to tell your doctor if you are pregnant, plan on getting pregnant, or are breastfeeding. You will need to talk about the benefits and risks of using this natural product.

  • Be sure to tell your doctor if you are breastfeeding. You will need to talk about the benefits and risks of using this natural product.

  • Do not use this product with children under the age of 4 years.

  • Wash hands well after applying a capsicum cream.

  • Do not use this product on injured skin or open wounds. Also do not use on the face.

  • Take extra care if you are allergic to latex, bananas, kiwis, chestnuts, avocados, birch pollen, mugwort, celery, anise, coriander, cumin, fennel, paprika, or peppercorns.

  • Take extra care if you are taking drugs called ACE inhibitors. This product may interact with these drugs and cause a dry cough. These are drugs like captopril, enalapril, and lisinopril.

  • If you have blood sugar problems, keep hard candies, glucose tablets, liquid glucose, or juice on hand for low blood sugar.

  • Take extra care and check with your doctor if you have:

    • Asthma

    • Blood sugar problems

    • Cancer

What should I watch for?

  • Upset stomach

  • Heart burn

  • Burning, itching, or irritation of the mouth or anus when taken by mouth

  • Coughing or sneezing

  • Runny nose

  • Sweating

When do I need to call the doctor?

  • Signs of a very bad reaction. These include wheezing; chest tightness; trouble breathing, swallowing, or talking; fever; rash; hives; itching, discolored, swollen, blistered, or peeling skin; or swelling of face, lips, tongue, or throat. Go to the ER right away.

  • Very bad belly pain

  • Very bad loose stools

  • Very bad skin reaction

Where can I learn more?

Department of Defense Dietary Supplement Resource

Last Reviewed Date


Consumer Information Use and Disclaimer

This generalized information is a limited summary of diagnosis, treatment, and/or medication information. It is not meant to be comprehensive and should be used as a tool to help the user understand and/or assess potential diagnostic and treatment options. It does NOT include all information about conditions, treatments, medications, side effects, or risks that may apply to a specific patient. It is not intended to be medical advice or a substitute for the medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment of a health care provider based on the health care provider's examination and assessment of a patient’s specific and unique circumstances. Patients must speak with a health care provider for complete information about their health, medical questions, and treatment options, including any risks or benefits regarding use of medications. This information does not endorse any treatments or medications as safe, effective, or approved for treating a specific patient. UpToDate, Inc. and its affiliates disclaim any warranty or liability relating to this information or the use thereof. The use of this information is governed by the Terms of Use, available at

Copyright © 2023 UpToDate, Inc. and its affiliates and/or licensors. All rights reserved.

Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.