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Pilocarpine ophthalmic

Generic Name: pilocarpine ophthalmic (PYE loe KAR peen off THAL mik)
Brand Name: Isopto Carpine, Adsorbocarpine, ...show all 15 brand names.

Medically reviewed by Drugs.com on Dec 19, 2019 – Written by Cerner Multum

What is pilocarpine ophthalmic?

Pilocarpine ophthalmic (for the eyes) is used to treat glaucoma or ocular hypertension (high pressure inside the eye).

Pilocarpine ophthalmic may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide.

Important Information

Follow all directions on your medicine label and package. Tell each of your healthcare providers about all your medical conditions, allergies, and all medicines you use.

Before taking this medicine

Tell your doctor if you have ever had:

Do not give pilocarpine ophthalmic to a child without medical advice.

Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or breastfeeding.

How should I use pilocarpine ophthalmic?

Follow all directions on your prescription label and read all medication guides or instruction sheets. Use the medicine exactly as directed.

Wash your hands before using eye medication.

Do not use while wearing soft contact lenses. A preservative in this medicine could permanently stain the lenses. Use the medicine at least 10 minutes before inserting your contact lenses.

Shake the eye drops well just before each use.

To apply the eye drops: Tilt your head back slightly and pull down your lower eyelid to create a small pocket. Hold the dropper above the eye and squeeze a drop into this pocket. Close your eyes for 1 or 2 minutes.

Use only the number of drops your doctor has prescribed.

Wait at least 5 minutes before using any other eye medications your doctor has prescribed.

Do not touch the tip of the eye dropper or place it directly on your eye. A contaminated dropper can infect your eye, which could lead to serious vision problems.

Do not use the eye drops if the liquid has changed colors or has particles in it. Call your doctor for a new prescription.

Store this medicine in an upright position at room temperature. Do not freeze.

What happens if I miss a dose?

Use the medicine as soon as you can, but skip the missed dose if it is almost time for your next dose. Do not use two doses at one time.

What happens if I overdose?

Seek emergency medical attention or call the Poison Help line at 1-800-222-1222.

Overdose symptoms may include sweating, nausea, tremors, or slow heart rate.

What should I avoid while using pilocarpine ophthalmic?

Avoid using any other eye medications your doctor has not prescribed.

Pilocarpine can make it harder for you to see at night or in low light. Avoid driving or hazardous activity until you know how pilocarpine ophthalmic will affect you.

Pilocarpine ophthalmic side effects

Get emergency medical help if you have signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficult breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.

Call your doctor at once if you have:

  • severe stinging, burning, swelling, or redness of your eye;

  • vision changes;

  • eye pain or increased watering; or

  • signs of eye infection--swelling, redness, severe discomfort, crusting or drainage.

Common side effects may include:

  • headache, eyebrow pain;

  • eye pain or irritation;

  • blurred vision;

  • trouble seeing in low light; or

  • your eyes may be more sensitive to light.

This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

What other drugs will affect pilocarpine ophthalmic?

Medicine used in the eyes is not likely to be affected by other drugs you use. But many drugs can interact with each other. Tell each of your healthcare providers about all medicines you use, including prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal products.

Further information

Remember, keep this and all other medicines out of the reach of children, never share your medicines with others, and use this medication only for the indication prescribed.

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.