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Xembify Dosage

Generic name: Human Immunoglobulin G 200mg in 1mL
Dosage form: subcutaneous injection

Medically reviewed by Drugs.com. Last updated on Oct 14, 2019.

For subcutaneous infusion only.

Before switching to XEMBIFY, obtain the patient’s serum IgG trough level to guide subsequent dose adjustments.

Dose

Individualize the dose based on the patient’s pharmacokinetic and clinical response.

Measure the patient’s serum IgG trough level as early as 5 weeks after initiating XEMBIFY treatment to determine if a dose adjustment is needed.

Monitor the patient’s IgG trough level every 2 to 3 months to determine subsequent dose adjustments and dosing intervals as needed (Table 1).

Doses divided over the course of a week or once weekly achieve similar exposure when administered regularly at steady-state.

For frequent dosing (2-7 times per week), divide the calculated weekly dose by the desired number of times per week.

For dose adjustments, calculate the difference (in mg/dL) of the patient’s serum IgG trough level from the target IgG trough level, then find this difference in Table 1 (below). Locate the corresponding amount (in mL) by which to increase or decrease the weekly dose based on the patient’s body weight. For example, if a patient with a body weight of 70 kg has an actual IgG trough level of 900 mg/dL and the target level is 1,000 mg/dL, this results in a difference of 100 mg/dL. Therefore, increase the weekly dose of subcutaneous dose by 5 mL.

The patient’s clinical response should be the primary consideration in dose adjustment. If a patient on XEMBIFY does not maintain an adequate clinical response or a serum IgG trough level equivalent to that of a previous treatment, adjust the dose accordingly.

Table 1: Adjustment (±mL) of the Weekly Subcutaneous Dose Based on the Difference (±mg/dL) From the Target Serum IgG Trough Level
*
Dose adjustment in mL is based on the slope of the serum IgG trough level response to subcutaneous administration of XEMBIFY dose increments (about 6.6 mg/dL per increment of 1 mg/kg per week).
Difference From Target
IgG Trough
Level (mg/dL)
Body Weight (kg)
10 15 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120
Dose Adjustment (mL per Week)*
50 0 1 1 1 2 2 2 3 3 3 4 4 5
100 1 1 2 2 3 4 5 5 6 7 8 8 9
150 1 2 2 3 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 13 14
200 2 2 3 5 6 8 9 11 12 14 15 17 18
250 2 3 4 6 8 9 11 13 15 17 19 21 23
300 2 3 5 7 9 11 14 16 18 20 23 25 27
350 3 4 5 8 11 13 16 19 21 24 27 29 32
400 3 5 6 9 12 15 18 21 24 27 30 33 36
450 3 5 7 10 14 17 20 24 27 31 34 38 41
500 4 6 8 11 15 19 23 27 30 34 38 42 45

Switching to XEMBIFY from IVIG

Begin treatment with XEMBIFY one week after the patient’s last IVIG infusion. Calculate the initial weekly dose of XEMBIFY. Divide the previous monthly (or every 3 weeks) IVIG dose in grams by the number of weeks between IVIG infusions, then multiply this dose by the dose adjustment factor of 1.37.

Dosage

To convert the XEMBIFY dose (in grams) to milliliters (mL), multiply the calculated Initial SC dose (in grams) by 5.

Provided the total weekly dose is maintained, any dosing interval from daily up to weekly will achieve similar systemic IgG exposure when administered regularly at steady-state.

Switching to XEMBIFY from subcutaneous immune globulin (IGSC)

Administer the same weekly dose of XEMBIFY (in grams) as the weekly dose of prior IGSC treatment (in grams).

Preparation and Handling

XEMBIFY is a clear to slightly opalescent, and colorless or pale yellow solution.

Visually inspect XEMBIFY for particulate matter and discoloration prior to administration, whenever solution and container permit.

Do not use if the solution is cloudy or turbid.

Do not shake.

Do not dilute.

The XEMBIFY vial is for single use only.

Do not store any vial that has been entered by a needle during preparation for infusion, punctured, partially used, or opened.

Administer within 8 hours after beginning infusion preparation (i.e., once XEMBIFY is transferred from the vial into a syringe).

Administer XEMBIFY separately from other drugs or medications that the patient may be receiving.

Do not mix XEMBIFY with other medications including immune globulins from other manufacturers.

Do not use after expiration date.

Discard unused portion.

Administration

For subcutaneous infusion only.

Prior to use, allow the solution to reach ambient room temperature.
Do not shake.
Follow the steps below and use aseptic technique to administer XEMBIFY.

1. Inspect the vials: inspect for clarity, color, and expiration date (s).

2. Prepare for infusion:

Gather supplies: XEMBIFY vial(s), ancillary supplies, sharps container, patient’s
treatment diary/logbook, and the infusion pump.

Prepare a clean work area.

Wash hands.

3. Remove the protective cap from the vial to expose the central portion of the stopper.

If the packaging shows any sign of tampering, do not use the product and notify
Grifols Therapeutics LLC immediately [1-800-520-2807].


4. Wipe the stopper with alcohol and allow to dry.

5.
Using a sterile syringe and needle, prepare to withdraw XEMBIFY by first injecting air into the vial that is equivalent to the amount of XEMBIFY to be withdrawn. Then withdraw the desired volume of XEMBIFY. If multiple vials are required to achieve the desired dose, repeat this step. (Figure 1)

6.
Use XEMBIFY as soon as practicable, within 2 hours to avoid the potential formation of particles caused by siliconized syringes.
figure 1
7.
Follow the manufacturer’s instructions for preparing the pump and administration tubing. Be sure to prime the administration tubing to ensure that no air is left in the tubing or needle by filling the tubing/needle with XEMBIFY.
figure 2
8.
Select the number and location of injection sites. Rotate sites for each administration. (Figure 2)

Infuse XEMBIFY in the abdomen, thigh, upper arm, sides, back and/or lateral hip.

Avoid bony areas, scars, areas of inflammation, superficial infection or blood vessels.
9.
Cleanse the injection site(s) with antiseptic solution using a circular motion working from the center of the site and moving to the outside. Sites should be clean, dry, and at least 2 inches (5cm) apart. (Figure 3)
figure 3
10.
Grasp the skin between 2 fingers (pinch at least one inch (2.5cm) of skin) and insert the needle at a 90-degree angle into the subcutaneous tissue. (Figure 4)
figure 4
11.
After inserting each needle, make sure that a blood vessel has not been accidentally entered. Attach a sterile syringe to the end of the primed administration tubing, pull back on the plunger, and if you see blood, remove and discard the needle and administration tubing. (Figure 5)
figure 5

12. Repeat priming and needle insertion steps using a new needle, administration tubing
and a new infusion site. Secure the needle in place by applying sterile gauze or
transparent dressing over the site.

13. Infuse XEMBIFY at a maximum rate of 25 mL per hour per infusion site using up to
6 infusion sites (most patients used 4 infusion sites). Ensure that the infusion sites are
at least 2 inches (5 cm) apart for patients of all ages. The number of infusion sites is
at healthcare provider discretion. Children will require less total volume for a specific
XEMBIFY dose (mg/kg body weight) than adults. The healthcare provider may
choose a smaller volume/site for children and/or fewer infusion sites to achieve the
target total dose, depending on the needs of the child. The total dose volume of
XEMBIFY is divided by the desired volume (mL/site) to obtain number of infusion
sites to be used.

Volume to Be
Infused SC
Rate Number of Sites
(most frequent is 4)
Site Distance
Apart
25 mL per site ≤ 25 mL/hr/infusion site ≤ 6 ≥ 2 inches (5 cm)

Record information about the infusion (e.g., lot number, expiration date, dose, date,
time, infusion site location(s), side effects) in a patient treatment record or infusion
log.

14. Discard the needle(s) and infusion line(s) in an appropriate container. Follow the
manufacturer’s instructions for storage of the infusion pump.

15. Discard partially used vial(s).

Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.

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