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Eylea Dosage

Medically reviewed by Drugs.com. Last updated on June 11, 2021.

Generic name: aflibercept 40mg in 1mL
Dosage form: injection, solution

Important Injection Instructions

For ophthalmic intravitreal injection. EYLEA must only be administered by a qualified physician.

Pre-filled Syringe: A 30-gauge × ½-inch sterile injection needle is needed but not provided.

Vial: A 5-micron sterile filter needle (19-gauge × 1½-inch), a 1-mL Luer lock syringe and a 30-gauge × ½-inch sterile injection needle are needed.

EYLEA is available packaged as follows:

  • Pre-filled Syringe
  • Vial Kit with Injection Components (filter needle, syringe, injection needle)

[see How Supplied/Storage and Handling (16)].

Neovascular (Wet) Age-Related Macular Degeneration (AMD)

The recommended dose for EYLEA is 2 mg (0.05 mL or 50 microliters) administered by intravitreal injection every 4 weeks (approximately every 28 days, monthly) for the first 12 weeks (3 months), followed by 2 mg (0.05 mL) via intravitreal injection once every 8 weeks (2 months). Although EYLEA may be dosed as frequently as 2 mg every 4 weeks (approximately every 25 days, monthly), additional efficacy was not demonstrated in most patients when EYLEA was dosed every 4 weeks compared to every 8 weeks [see Clinical Studies (14.1)]. Some patients may need every 4 week (monthly) dosing after the first 12 weeks (3 months). Although not as effective as the recommended every 8 week dosing regimen, patients may also be treated with one dose every 12 weeks after one year of effective therapy. Patients should be assessed regularly.

Macular Edema Following Retinal Vein Occlusion (RVO)

The recommended dose for EYLEA is 2 mg (0.05 mL or 50 microliters) administered by intravitreal injection once every 4 weeks (approximately every 25 days, monthly) [see Clinical Studies (14.2), (14.3)].

Diabetic Macular Edema (DME)

The recommended dose for EYLEA is 2 mg (0.05 mL or 50 microliters) administered by intravitreal injection every 4 weeks (approximately every 28 days, monthly) for the first 5 injections, followed by 2 mg (0.05 mL) via intravitreal injection once every 8 weeks (2 months). Although EYLEA may be dosed as frequently as 2 mg every 4 weeks (approximately every 25 days, monthly), additional efficacy was not demonstrated in most patients when EYLEA was dosed every 4 weeks compared to every 8 weeks [see Clinical Studies (14.4)]. Some patients may need every 4 week (monthly) dosing after the first 20 weeks (5 months).

Diabetic Retinopathy (DR)

The recommended dose for EYLEA is 2 mg (0.05 mL or 50 microliters) administered by intravitreal injection every 4 weeks (approximately every 28 days, monthly) for the first 5 injections, followed by 2 mg (0.05 mL) via intravitreal injection once every 8 weeks (2 months). Although EYLEA may be dosed as frequently as 2 mg every 4 weeks (approximately every 25 days, monthly), additional efficacy was not demonstrated in most patients when EYLEA was dosed every 4 weeks compared to every 8 weeks [see Clinical Studies (14.5)]. Some patients may need every 4 week (monthly) dosing after the first 20 weeks (5 months).

Preparation for Administration - Pre-filled Syringe

The EYLEA pre-filled glass syringe is sterile and for single use only. It should be inspected visually prior to administration. Do not use if particulates, cloudiness, or discoloration are visible, or if the package is open or damaged. The appearance of the syringe cap on the pre-filled syringe may vary (for example, color and design). Do not use if any part of the pre-filled syringe is damaged or if the syringe cap is detached from the Luer lock.

The intravitreal injection should be performed with a 30-gauge × ½-inch injection needle (not provided).

The pre-filled syringe contains more than the recommended dose of 2 mg aflibercept (equivalent to 50 microliters). The excess volume must be discarded prior to the administration.

PRE-FILLED SYRINGE DESCRIPTION – Figure 1:

Figure 1

Use aseptic technique to carry out the following steps:

1. PREPARE

When ready to administer EYLEA, open the carton and remove sterilized blister pack. Carefully peel open the sterilized blister pack ensuring the sterility of its contents. Keep the syringe in the sterile tray until you are ready for assembly.

2. REMOVE SYRINGE

Using aseptic technique, remove the syringe from the sterilized blister pack.

3. TWIST OFF SYRINGE CAP

Twist off the syringe cap by holding the syringe in one hand and the syringe cap with the thumb and forefinger of the other hand (see Figure 2).

Note: To avoid compromising the sterility of the product, do not pull back on the plunger.

Figure 2:

Figure 2

4. ATTACH NEEDLE

Using aseptic technique, firmly twist a 30-gauge × ½-inch injection needle onto the Luer lock syringe tip (see Figure 3).

Figure 3:

Figure 3

Note: When ready to administer EYLEA, remove the plastic needle shield from the needle.

5. DISLODGE AIR BUBBLES

Holding the syringe with the needle pointing up, check the syringe for bubbles. If there are bubbles, gently tap the syringe with your finger until the bubbles rise to the top (see Figure 4).

Figure 4:

Figure 4

6. EXPEL AIR AND SET THE DOSE

To eliminate all bubbles and to expel excess drug, slowly depress the plunger rod to align the plunger dome edge (see Figure 5a) with the black dosing line on the syringe (equivalent to 50 microliters) (see Figure 5b).

Figure 5a: Figure 5b:

Figure 5a

Figure 5b

7. The pre-filled syringe is for single use only. After injection any unused product must be discarded.

Preparation for Administration - Vial

EYLEA should be inspected visually prior to administration. If particulates, cloudiness, or discoloration are visible, the vial must not be used.

The glass vial is for single use only.

Use aseptic technique to carry out the following preparation steps:

Prepare for intravitreal injection with the following medical devices for single use:

  • a 5-micron sterile filter needle (19-gauge × 1½-inch)
  • a 1-mL sterile Luer lock syringe (with marking to measure 0.05 mL)
  • a sterile injection needle (30-gauge × ½-inch)
  1. Remove the protective plastic cap from the vial (see Figure 6).
    Figure 6:

    Figure 6

  2. Clean the top of the vial with an alcohol wipe (see Figure 7).
    Figure 7:

    Figure 7

  3. Remove the 19-gauge × 1½-inch, 5-micron, filter needle and the 1-mL syringe from their packaging. Attach the filter needle to the syringe by twisting it onto the Luer lock syringe tip (see Figure 8).

    Figure 8:
    Figure 8

  4. Push the filter needle into the center of the vial stopper until the needle is completely inserted into the vial and the tip touches the bottom or bottom edge of the vial.
  5. Using aseptic technique withdraw all of the EYLEA vial contents into the syringe, keeping the vial in an upright position, slightly inclined to ease complete withdrawal. To deter the introduction of air, ensure the bevel of the filter needle is submerged into the liquid. Continue to tilt the vial during withdrawal keeping the bevel of the filter needle submerged in the liquid (see Figure 9a and Figure 9b).
    Figure 9a: Figure 9b:

    Figure 9a

    Figure 9b

  6. Ensure that the plunger rod is drawn sufficiently back when emptying the vial in order to completely empty the filter needle.
  7. Remove the filter needle from the syringe and properly dispose of the filter needle. Note: Filter needle is not to be used for intravitreal injection.
  8. Remove the 30-gauge × ½-inch injection needle from its packaging and attach the injection needle to the syringe by firmly twisting the injection needle onto the Luer lock syringe tip (see Figure 10).

    Figure 10:
    Figure 10

  9. When ready to administer EYLEA, remove the plastic needle shield from the needle.
  10. Holding the syringe with the needle pointing up, check the syringe for bubbles. If there are bubbles, gently tap the syringe with your finger until the bubbles rise to the top (see Figure 11).
    Figure 11:

    Figure 11

  11. To eliminate all of the bubbles and to expel excess drug, SLOWLY depress the plunger so that the plunger tip aligns with the line that marks 0.05 mL on the syringe (see Figure 12a and Figure 12b).
    Figure 12a: Figure 12b:

    Figure 12a

    Figure 12b

Injection Procedure

The intravitreal injection procedure should be carried out under controlled aseptic conditions, which include surgical hand disinfection and the use of sterile gloves, a sterile drape, and a sterile eyelid speculum (or equivalent). Adequate anesthesia and a topical broad–spectrum microbicide should be given prior to the injection.

Note for the pre-filled syringe: A small residual volume may remain in the syringe after a full dose has been injected. This is normal.

Immediately following the intravitreal injection, patients should be monitored for elevation in intraocular pressure. Appropriate monitoring may consist of a check for perfusion of the optic nerve head or tonometry. If required, a sterile paracentesis needle should be available.

Following intravitreal injection, patients should be instructed to report any symptoms suggestive of endophthalmitis or retinal detachment (e.g., eye pain, redness of the eye, photophobia, blurring of vision) without delay [see Patient Counseling Information (17)].

Each sterile, pre-filled syringe or vial should only be used for the treatment of a single eye. If the contralateral eye requires treatment, a new sterile, pre-filled syringe or vial should be used and the sterile field, syringe, gloves, drapes, eyelid speculum, filter, and injection needles should be changed before EYLEA is administered to the other eye.

After injection, any unused product must be discarded.

Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.