Skip to Content

Fortovase (saquinavir) Disease Interactions

There are 6 disease interactions with Fortovase (saquinavir):

Major

Pis (Includes Fortovase) ↔ Hemophilia

Severe Potential Hazard, Low plausibility

Applies to: Coagulation Defect

There have been postmarketing reports of increased bleeding, including spontaneous skin hematomas and hemarthrosis, in types A and B hemophiliac patients treated with protease inhibitors. However, a causal relationship has not been established. In some patients, additional Factor VIII was given. In more than half of the reported cases, protease inhibitor therapy was continued or reintroduced following an interruption. Hemophiliacs and patients with other coagulation defects should be monitored closely for bleeding during protease inhibitor therapy.

References

  1. "Product Information. Crixivan (indinavir)." Merck & Co, Inc, West Point, PA.
  2. "Product Information. Kaletra (lopinavir-ritonavir)" Abbott Pharmaceutical, Abbott Park, IL.
  3. "Product Information. Agenerase (amprenavir)." Glaxo Wellcome, Research Triangle Pk, NC.
View all 10 references
Major

Saquinavir (Includes Fortovase) ↔ Qt Prolongation

Severe Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility

Applies to: Arrhythmias, Congestive Heart Failure, Hypokalemia, Magnesium Imbalance, Cardiomyopathy

QT and PR interval dose-dependent prolongation and torsades de pointes have been reported with the use of saquinavir (saquinavir should always be used in combination with ritonavir). Saquinavir should not be used in patients with congenital long QT syndrome, patients with refractory hypokalemia or hypomagnesemia, or in combination with other drugs that can both prolong the QT interval and increase the plasma concentration of saquinavir. Saquinavir is also contraindicated in patients with a complete atrioventricular (AV) block without an implanted pacemaker or patients at risk of a complete AV block.
Caution and close EKG and electrolyte monitoring is recommended if therapy is initiated in patients with congestive heart failure, bradyarrhythmias, structural heart disease, cardiomyopathies, ischemic heart disease, hepatic impairment, and electrolyte abnormalities.

Moderate

Pis (Includes Fortovase) ↔ Hyperglycemia

Moderate Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility

Applies to: Abnormal Glucose Tolerance, Diabetes Mellitus

New onset or exacerbation of preexisting diabetes mellitus, glucose intolerance, and hyperglycemia have been reported during postmarketing surveillance in HIV patients treated with protease inhibitors (PIs). Frequently, insulin resistance may accompany fat redistribution and serum lipid elevations in what is collectively termed the HIV-associated lipodystrophy syndrome. Although a causal relationship has not been established, these metabolic disturbances have most often occurred in HIV patients during treatment with potent antiretroviral regimens containing PIs. Patients with or predisposed to glucose disorders should be monitored during PI therapy. Dosage adjustments in insulin or oral hypoglycemic medications may be necessary in patients with diabetes. In some cases, glucose abnormalities persisted despite discontinuation of PI therapy.

References

  1. Hardy H, Esch LD, Morse GD "Glucose disorders associated with HIV and its drug therapy." Ann Pharmacother 35 (2001): 343-51
  2. "Product Information. Viracept (nelfinavir)." Agouron Pharma Inc, La Jolla, CA.
  3. "Product Information. Invirase (saquinavir)." Roche Laboratories, Nutley, NJ.
View all 22 references
Moderate

Pis (Includes Fortovase) ↔ Hyperlipidemia

Moderate Potential Hazard, High plausibility

Applies to: Ischemic Heart Disease, Hyperlipidemia, History - Myocardial Infarction

Hyperlipidemia has been observed in 10% of patients receiving ritonavir during clinical trials. Increases of 30% to 40% from baseline have been reported for total cholesterol and 200% to 300% or more for triglycerides. These effects have also been reported during postmarketing experience with other protease inhibitors (PIs) but may be the most dramatic with ritonavir. The clinical significance of these elevations is unclear. Severe hyperlipidemia is known to sometimes cause pancreatitis. In addition, some patients have reportedly developed symptomatic atherosclerosis and coronary artery disease after initiating PI treatment. Patients with preexisting hyperlipidemia may require closer monitoring during PI therapy, and adjustments made accordingly in their lipid-lowering regimen. PI therapy should be administered cautiously in patients with coronary artery disease or a history of ischemic heart disease.

References

  1. "Product Information. Lexiva (fosamprenavir)." GlaxoSmithKline, Research Triangle Park, NC.
  2. "Product Information. Agenerase (amprenavir)." Glaxo Wellcome, Research Triangle Pk, NC.
  3. "Product Information. Invirase (saquinavir)." Roche Laboratories, Nutley, NJ.
View all 19 references
Moderate

Saquinavir (Includes Fortovase) ↔ Liver Disease

Moderate Potential Hazard, High plausibility

Applies to: Liver Disease, Alcoholism

Saquinavir is primarily metabolized by the liver. Patients with liver disease may be at greater risk for adverse effects from saquinavir due to decreased drug clearance, so therapy should be administered cautiously in these patients. Additionally, there have been reports of worsening liver disease in patients with underlying hepatitis B or C, cirrhosis, chronic alcoholism, and other liver abnormalities. Close monitoring is recommended. The use of saquinavir when administered with ritonavir is contraindicated in patients with severe hepatic impairment.

References

  1. "Product Information. Invirase (saquinavir)." Roche Laboratories, Nutley, NJ.
  2. Sommadossi JP "HIV protease inhibitors: pharmacologic and metabolic distinctions." AIDS 13 (1999): s29-40
Moderate

Saquinavir (Includes Fortovase) ↔ Renal Impairment

Moderate Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility

Applies to: Renal Dysfunction

The principal route of excretion for saquinavir is by hepatic metabolism, therefore no initial dose adjustment is necessary in patients with renal impairment. However, saquinavir has not been studied in patients with severe renal impairment and end-stage renal disease, and caution should be exercised when prescribing this drug to these patients.

Fortovase (saquinavir) drug Interactions

There are 771 drug interactions with Fortovase (saquinavir)

Fortovase (saquinavir) alcohol/food Interactions

There are 2 alcohol/food interactions with Fortovase (saquinavir)

Drug Interaction Classification

The classifications below are a general guideline only. It is difficult to determine the relevance of a particular drug interaction to any individual given the large number of variables.
Major Highly clinically significant. Avoid combinations; the risk of the interaction outweighs the benefit.
Moderate Moderately clinically significant. Usually avoid combinations; use it only under special circumstances.
Minor Minimally clinically significant. Minimize risk; assess risk and consider an alternative drug, take steps to circumvent the interaction risk and/or institute a monitoring plan.
Unknown No information available.

Do not stop taking any medications without consulting your healthcare provider.

Disclaimer: Every effort has been made to ensure that the information provided by Multum is accurate, up-to-date and complete, but no guarantee is made to that effect. In addition, the drug information contained herein may be time sensitive and should not be utilized as a reference resource beyond the date hereof. This material does not endorse drugs, diagnose patients, or recommend therapy. Multum's information is a reference resource designed as supplement to, and not a substitute for, the expertise, skill, knowledge, and judgement of healthcare practitioners in patient care. The absence of a warning for a given drug or combination thereof in no way should be construed to indicate that the drug or combination is safe, effective, or appropriate for any given patient. Multum Information Services, Inc. does not assume any responsibility for any aspect of healthcare administered with the aid of information Multum provides. Copyright 2000-2017 Multum Information Services, Inc. The information contained herein is not intended to cover all possible uses, directions, precautions, warnings, drug interactions, allergic reactions, or adverse effects. If you have questions about the drugs you are taking, check with your doctor, nurse, or pharmacist.

Hide