Generic Name: prothrombin complex human (Intravenous route)
pro-THROM-bin KOM-plex HUE-man
Patients receiving treatment with vitamin K antagonists (VKAs) may be at increased risk of thromboembolic events (TE) due to underlying disease states. Both fatal and non-fatal arterial and venous thromboembolic complications have been reported. The potential benefits of reversing VKAs should be weighed against the potential risk of TE. Monitor patients receiving prothrombin complex concentrate (human) for signs and symptoms of TE. Resumption of anticoagulation should be carefully considered as soon as the risk of TE outweighs the risk of acute bleeding. Prothrombin complex concentrate (human) may not be suitable in patients with TE within the last 3 months prior to use .
Commonly used brand name(s)
In the U.S.
Available Dosage Forms:
- Powder for Solution
Therapeutic Class: Hemostatic
Uses For Kcentra
Prothrombin complex concentrate human injection is used to reverse the effects of anticoagulants or blood thinners (eg, warfarin, Coumadin®, Jantoven®) in adult patients with acute major bleeding.
Prothrombin complex human contains coagulation factors II, VII, IX, and X, and proteins C and S. This medicine is used to stop bleeding by helping the blood to clot.
This medicine is to be given only by or under the supervision of your doctor.
Before Using Kcentra
In deciding to use a medicine, the risks of taking the medicine must be weighed against the good it will do. This is a decision you and your doctor will make. For this medicine, the following should be considered:
Tell your doctor if you have ever had any unusual or allergic reaction to this medicine or any other medicines. Also tell your health care professional if you have any other types of allergies, such as to foods, dyes, preservatives, or animals. For non-prescription products, read the label or package ingredients carefully.
Appropriate studies have not been performed on the relationship of age to the effects of prothrombin complex concentrate human injection in the pediatric population. Safety and efficacy have not been established.
Appropriate studies performed to date have not demonstrated geriatric-specific problems that would limit the usefulness of prothrombin complex concentrate human injection in the elderly.
|All Trimesters||C||Animal studies have shown an adverse effect and there are no adequate studies in pregnant women OR no animal studies have been conducted and there are no adequate studies in pregnant women.|
There are no adequate studies in women for determining infant risk when using this medication during breastfeeding. Weigh the potential benefits against the potential risks before taking this medication while breastfeeding.
Interactions with Medicines
Although certain medicines should not be used together at all, in other cases two different medicines may be used together even if an interaction might occur. In these cases, your doctor may want to change the dose, or other precautions may be necessary. When you are receiving this medicine, it is especially important that your healthcare professional know if you are taking any of the medicines listed below. The following interactions have been selected on the basis of their potential significance and are not necessarily all-inclusive.
Using this medicine with any of the following medicines is usually not recommended, but may be required in some cases. If both medicines are prescribed together, your doctor may change the dose or how often you use one or both of the medicines.
- Coagulation Factor VIIa
Interactions with Food/Tobacco/Alcohol
Certain medicines should not be used at or around the time of eating food or eating certain types of food since interactions may occur. Using alcohol or tobacco with certain medicines may also cause interactions to occur. Discuss with your healthcare professional the use of your medicine with food, alcohol, or tobacco.
Other Medical Problems
The presence of other medical problems may affect the use of this medicine. Make sure you tell your doctor if you have any other medical problems, especially:
- Allergy to heparin, coagulation factors II, VII, IX, and X, proteins C and S, antithrombin III, or human albumin, history of or
- Disseminated intravascular coagulation (blood clotting disorder) or
- Thrombocytopenia (low number of platelets), heparin-induced—Should not be used in patients with these conditions.
- Congestive heart failure—Use with caution. May make this condition worse.
Proper Use of Kcentra
A doctor or other trained health professional will give you this medicine. This medicine is given through a needle placed in one of your veins.
Precautions While Using Kcentra
It is very important that your doctor check you closely while you are receiving this medicine to make sure it is working properly and to check for any unwanted effects.
This medicine may cause serious type of allergic reactions, including anaphylaxis. Anaphylaxis can be life-threatening and requires immediate medical attention. Tell your doctor or nurse right away if you have a cough, difficulty with swallowing, dizziness, a fast heartbeat, lightheadedness or fainting, trouble breathing, chest tightness, swelling in your face, hands, tongue, or throat after you receive the medicine.
This medicine may increase your chance of having blood clotting problems. Tell your doctor right away if you have a sudden or severe headache, problems with vision or speech, chest pain, trouble breathing or swallowing, swelling or tenderness in your leg, or numbness or weakness while you are receiving this medicine.
This medicine is made from donated human blood. Some human blood products have transmitted certain viruses to people who have received them, although the risk is low. Human donors and donated blood are both tested for viruses to keep the transmission risk low. Talk with your doctor if you are concerned about this risk.
Kcentra Side Effects
Along with its needed effects, a medicine may cause some unwanted effects. Although not all of these side effects may occur, if they do occur they may need medical attention.
Check with your doctor or nurse immediately if any of the following side effects occur:Less common
- Blurred vision
- chest pain
- decrease in the amount of urine
- dizziness, faintness, or lightheadedness when getting up suddenly from a lying or sitting position
- dry mouth
- fast, pounding, or irregular heartbeat or pulse
- headache, sudden, severe
- increased thirst
- irregular heartbeat
- loss of appetite
- muscle pain or cramps
- nausea or vomiting
- noisy, rattling breathing
- numbness or tingling in the hands, feet, or lips
- pounding in the ears
- slow or fast heartbeat
- swelling of the fingers, hands, feet, or lower legs
- tightness in the chest
- troubled breathing
- troubled breathing at rest
- unusual tiredness or weakness
- weight gain
- blood in the stools or urine
- blue lips and fingernails
- chest discomfort
- coughing or vomiting blood
- coughing that sometimes produces a pink frothy sputum
- difficult or labored breathing
- difficult, fast, noisy breathing, sometimes with wheezing
- difficulty with speaking
- double vision
- feeling of warmth
- hives or welts
- inability to move the arms, legs, or facial muscles
- increased sweating
- large, hive-like swelling on the face, eyelids, lips, tongue, throat, hands, legs, feet, or sex organs
- noisy breathing
- pain or discomfort in the arms, jaw, back, or neck
- pain, redness, or swelling in the arm or leg
- pale skin
- persistent bleeding or oozing from puncture sites, mouth, or nose
- redness of the face, neck, arms, and occasionally, upper chest
- redness of the skin
- slow speech
- sudden shortness of breath or troubled breathing
- tenderness, pain, swelling, warmth, skin discoloration, and prominent superficial veins over the affected area
Some side effects may occur that usually do not need medical attention. These side effects may go away during treatment as your body adjusts to the medicine. Also, your health care professional may be able to tell you about ways to prevent or reduce some of these side effects. Check with your health care professional if any of the following side effects continue or are bothersome or if you have any questions about them:More common
- Difficulty with moving
- muscle pain or stiffness
- pain in the joints
- difficulty having a bowel movement (stool)
- tearing of skin
- trouble sleeping
- Bleeding, blistering, burning, coldness, discoloration of the skin, feeling of pressure, hives, infection, inflammation, itching, lumps, numbness, pain, rash, redness, scarring, soreness, stinging, swelling, tenderness, tingling, ulceration, or warmth at the injection site
Other side effects not listed may also occur in some patients. If you notice any other effects, check with your healthcare professional.
Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.
See also: Side effects (in more detail)
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- Drug class: anticoagulant reversal agents