inotuzumab ozogamicin (Intravenous route)
Hepatotoxicity, including fatal and life-threatening VOD occurred in patients who received inotuzumab ozogamicin.A higher post-HSCT non-relapse mortality rate occurred in patients receiving inotuzumab ozogamicin .
Commonly used brand name(s)
In the U.S.
Available Dosage Forms:
- Powder for Solution
Therapeutic Class: Antineoplastic Agent
Pharmacologic Class: Antibody Drug Conjugate
Uses For inotuzumab ozogamicin
Inotuzumab ozogamicin injection is used to treat acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) that has come back or after other medicines did not work well. Leukemia is a type of cancer where the body makes abnormal white blood cells.
Inotuzumab ozogamicin is an antineoplastic (cancer) medicine. It interferes with the growth of cancer cells, which are eventually destroyed by the body. Since the growth of normal cells may also be affected by inotuzumab ozogamicin, other side effects can occur. Before you begin treatment, talk to your doctor about the benefits of inotuzumab ozogamicin as well as the possible risks of using it.
inotuzumab ozogamicin is to be given only by or under the direct supervision of your doctor.
Before Using inotuzumab ozogamicin
In deciding to use a medicine, the risks of taking the medicine must be weighed against the good it will do. This is a decision you and your doctor will make. For inotuzumab ozogamicin, the following should be considered:
Tell your doctor if you have ever had any unusual or allergic reaction to inotuzumab ozogamicin or any other medicines. Also tell your health care professional if you have any other types of allergies, such as to foods, dyes, preservatives, or animals. For non-prescription products, read the label or package ingredients carefully.
Appropriate studies have not been performed on the relationship of age to the effects of inotuzumab ozogamicin injection in the pediatric population. Safety and efficacy have not been established.
Appropriate studies performed to date have not demonstrated geriatric-specific problems that would limit the usefulness of inotuzumab ozogamicin injection in the elderly.
There are no adequate studies in women for determining infant risk when using this medication during breastfeeding. Weigh the potential benefits against the potential risks before taking this medication while breastfeeding.
Interactions with Medicines
Although certain medicines should not be used together at all, in other cases two different medicines may be used together even if an interaction might occur. In these cases, your doctor may want to change the dose, or other precautions may be necessary. When you are receiving inotuzumab ozogamicin, it is especially important that your healthcare professional know if you are taking any of the medicines listed below. The following interactions have been selected on the basis of their potential significance and are not necessarily all-inclusive.
Using inotuzumab ozogamicin with any of the following medicines is not recommended. Your doctor may decide not to treat you with this medication or change some of the other medicines you take.
Using inotuzumab ozogamicin with any of the following medicines is usually not recommended, but may be required in some cases. If both medicines are prescribed together, your doctor may change the dose or how often you use one or both of the medicines.
- Aripiprazole Lauroxil
- Arsenic Trioxide
- Sodium Phosphate
- Sodium Phosphate, Dibasic
- Sodium Phosphate, Monobasic
Interactions with Food/Tobacco/Alcohol
Certain medicines should not be used at or around the time of eating food or eating certain types of food since interactions may occur. Using alcohol or tobacco with certain medicines may also cause interactions to occur. Discuss with your healthcare professional the use of your medicine with food, alcohol, or tobacco.
Other Medical Problems
The presence of other medical problems may affect the use of inotuzumab ozogamicin. Make sure you tell your doctor if you have any other medical problems, especially:
- Heart rhythm changes (eg, QT prolongation), history of or
- Hepatic veno-occlusive disease (VOD) or sinusoidal obstruction syndrome, history of or
- Liver disease, severe—May make these conditions worse.
- Infections—May decrease your body's ability to fight infections.
- Patients who have had hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT)—Use with caution. May cause side effects to become worse.
Proper Use of inotuzumab ozogamicin
A nurse or other trained health professional will give you inotuzumab ozogamicin in a hospital or cancer treatment center. inotuzumab ozogamicin is given through a needle placed into one of your veins. You may need to stay at the hospital or treatment center for at least 1 hour after you receive inotuzumab ozogamicin to make sure you do not have any serious side effects.
You may receive other medicines (eg, allergy medicine, fever medicine, steroids) before starting treatment with inotuzumab ozogamicin.
Precautions While Using inotuzumab ozogamicin
It is very important that your doctor check your progress at regular visits to make sure inotuzumab ozogamicin is working properly. Blood tests are needed to check for unwanted effects.
Using inotuzumab ozogamicin while you are pregnant can harm your unborn baby. It may also cause birth defects if the father is using it when his sexual partner becomes pregnant. Female patients should use effective birth control during treatment with inotuzumab ozogamicin and for at least 8 months after the last dose. Male patients who have female partners should use effective birth control during treatment with inotuzumab ozogamicin and for at least 5 months after the last dose. If you think you have become pregnant while using inotuzumab ozogamicin, tell your doctor right away.
Check with your doctor right away if you have pain or tenderness in the upper stomach, pale stools, dark urine, loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, or yellow eyes or skin. These could be symptoms of a serious liver problem.
inotuzumab ozogamicin may cause infusion-related reactions, which can be life-threatening and require immediate medical attention. Tell your doctor right away if you start to have a fever, chills or shaking, dizziness, trouble breathing, itching or rash, lightheadedness or fainting after receiving inotuzumab ozogamicin.
Contact your doctor right away if you have any changes to your heart rhythm. You might feel dizzy or faint, or you might have a fast, pounding, or uneven heartbeat. Make sure your doctor knows if you had a heart rhythm problem, such as QT prolongation.
inotuzumab ozogamicin will lower the number of some types of blood cells in your body. Because of this, you may bleed or get infections more easily. To help with these problems, avoid being near people who are sick or have infections. Wash your hands often. Stay away from rough sports or other situations where you could be bruised, cut, or injured. Brush and floss your teeth gently. Be careful when using sharp objects, including razors and fingernail clippers.
Do not take other medicines unless they have been discussed with your doctor. This includes prescription or nonprescription (over-the-counter [OTC]) medicines and herbal or vitamin supplements.
inotuzumab ozogamicin Side Effects
Along with its needed effects, a medicine may cause some unwanted effects. Although not all of these side effects may occur, if they do occur they may need medical attention.
Check with your doctor or nurse immediately if any of the following side effects occur:More common
- Black, tarry stools
- bleeding gums
- blood in the urine or stools
- chest pain
- cough or hoarseness
- coughing up blood
- difficulty in breathing or swallowing
- increased menstrual flow or vaginal bleeding
- lower back or side pain
- painful or difficult urination
- pale skin
- pinpoint red spots on the skin
- prolonged bleeding from cuts
- red or dark brown urine
- sore throat
- sores, ulcers, or white spots on the lips or in the mouth
- swollen glands
- troubled breathing with exertion
- unusual bleeding or bruising
- unusual tiredness or weakness
- yellow eyes or skin
Some side effects may occur that usually do not need medical attention. These side effects may go away during treatment as your body adjusts to the medicine. Also, your health care professional may be able to tell you about ways to prevent or reduce some of these side effects. Check with your health care professional if any of the following side effects continue or are bothersome or if you have any questions about them:More common
- decreased appetite
- stomach pain
- swelling or inflammation of the mouth
Other side effects not listed may also occur in some patients. If you notice any other effects, check with your healthcare professional.
Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.
See also: Side effects (in more detail)
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More about inotuzumab ozogamicin
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- Drug class: miscellaneous antineoplastics
Other brands: Besponsa