Immune globulin-hipp (Subcutaneous)
Generic name: immune globulin-hipp [ i-MUNE-GLOB-ue-lin-- hipp ]
Drug class: Immune globulins
Medically reviewed by Drugs.com. Last updated on Jul 14, 2023.
Thrombosis may occur with immune globulin products, including immune globulin-hipp. Risk factors may include: advanced age, prolonged immobilization, hypercoagulable conditions, history of venous or arterial thrombosis, use of estrogens, indwelling central vascular catheters, hyperviscosity, and cardiovascular risk factors. Thrombosis may occur in the absence of known risk factors.
For patients at risk of thrombosis, administer immune globulin-hipp at the minimum dose and infusion rates practicable. Ensure adequate hydration in patients before administration. Monitor for signs and symptoms of thrombosis and assess blood viscosity in patients at risk of hyperviscosity .
Uses for immune globulin-hipp
Immune globulin-hipp injection contains antibodies that make your immune system stronger. It is used for patients who have primary humoral immunodeficiency (PI), including congenital agammaglobulinemia, common variable immunodeficiency, X-linked agammaglobulinemia, Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome, and other severe combined immune system problems.
This medicine is available only with your doctor's prescription.
Before using immune globulin-hipp
In deciding to use a medicine, the risks of taking the medicine must be weighed against the good it will do. This is a decision you and your doctor will make. For this medicine, the following should be considered:
Tell your doctor if you have ever had any unusual or allergic reaction to this medicine or any other medicines. Also tell your health care professional if you have any other types of allergies, such as to foods, dyes, preservatives, or animals. For non-prescription products, read the label or package ingredients carefully.
Appropriate studies have not been performed on the relationship of age to the effects of immune globulin-hipp injection in children younger than 2 years of age. Safety and efficacy have not been established.
Appropriate studies performed to date have not demonstrated geriatric-specific problems that would limit the usefulness of immune globulin-hipp injection in the elderly. However, elderly patients are more likely to have age-related liver, kidney, or heart problems, which may require caution and an adjustment in the dose for patients receiving this medicine.
There are no adequate studies in women for determining infant risk when using this medication during breastfeeding. Weigh the potential benefits against the potential risks before taking this medication while breastfeeding.
Interactions with Medicines
Although certain medicines should not be used together at all, in other cases two different medicines may be used together even if an interaction might occur. In these cases, your doctor may want to change the dose, or other precautions may be necessary. When you are taking this medicine, it is especially important that your healthcare professional know if you are taking any of the medicines listed below. The following interactions have been selected on the basis of their potential significance and are not necessarily all-inclusive.
Using this medicine with any of the following medicines is usually not recommended, but may be required in some cases. If both medicines are prescribed together, your doctor may change the dose or how often you use one or both of the medicines.
Interactions with Food/Tobacco/Alcohol
Certain medicines should not be used at or around the time of eating food or eating certain types of food since interactions may occur. Using alcohol or tobacco with certain medicines may also cause interactions to occur. Discuss with your healthcare professional the use of your medicine with food, alcohol, or tobacco.
Other Medical Problems
The presence of other medical problems may affect the use of this medicine. Make sure you tell your doctor if you have any other medical problems, especially:
- Allergy to Polysorbate 80, history of or
- IgA (immunoglobulin A) deficiency with antibodies against IgA—Should not be used in patients with these conditions.
- Bleeding problems, history of or
- Kidney problems—Use with caution. May make these conditions worse.
- Blood clotting problems or
- Diabetes or
- Heart or blood vessel disease or
- Hyperviscosity (thick blood) or
- Paraproteinemia (paraproteins in the blood) or
- Sepsis (serious infection in the body)—Use with caution. May cause side effects to become worse.
Proper use of immune globulin-hipp
A nurse or other trained health professional will give you this medicine. It is given using an infusion pump or as a shot under your skin, usually in the stomach, upper arm, upper leg or hip area, or thigh. You or your caregiver may be trained to prepare and inject this medicine at home. Be sure that you understand how to use the medicine.
If you use this medicine at home, you will be shown the body areas where this shot or infusion can be given. Use a different body area each time you give yourself a shot. Keep track of where you give each shot to make sure you rotate body areas. This will help prevent skin problems from the injections. Do not inject into skin areas that are red, injured, or inflamed, or areas that have scars, tattoos, or stretch marks.
The infusion sites should be at least 2 inches apart. Do not use more than 6 infusion sites at the same time.
This medicine comes with a patient information leaflet and patient instructions. Read and follow these instructions carefully. Ask your doctor if you have any questions.
Check the liquid in the vial. It should be clear and colorless to slightly yellow. Do not use the medicine if the liquid is cloudy, discolored, or has particles in it. Do not shake.
Allow the medicine to warm to room temperature for 90 minutes before you use it. Do not warm it in any other way.
If you are using an infusion pump, follow the manufacturer’s instructions for preparing the infusion.
You might not use all of the medicine in each vial or infusion. Use each vial or infusion only one time. Do not save an open vial.
The dose of this medicine will be different for different patients. Follow your doctor's orders or the directions on the label. The following information includes only the average doses of this medicine. If your dose is different, do not change it unless your doctor tells you to do so.
The amount of medicine that you take depends on the strength of the medicine. Also, the number of doses you take each day, the time allowed between doses, and the length of time you take the medicine depend on the medical problem for which you are using the medicine.
- For injectable dosage form (solution):
- For primary humoral immunodeficiency:
- Adults and children 2 years of age and older—Dose is based on your Immunoglobulin G (IgG) level in your blood and must be determined by your doctor. You must have received immune globulin intravenous (IGIV) treatment at regular intervals for at least 3 months before using this medicine. Your doctor may adjust your dose as needed.
- Children younger than 2 years of age—Use and dose must be determined by your doctor.
- For primary humoral immunodeficiency:
This medicine needs to be given on a fixed schedule. If you miss a dose or forget to use your medicine, call your doctor or pharmacist for instructions.
Keep out of the reach of children.
Do not keep outdated medicine or medicine no longer needed.
Ask your healthcare professional how you should dispose of any medicine you do not use.
Store in the refrigerator. Do not freeze.
You may keep the medicine in the refrigerator for up to 36 months. You may also store it at room temperature for up to 6 months. Do not put it back in the refrigerator once kept in room temperature. Throw away any unused liquid.
Throw away used needles in a hard, closed container where the needles cannot poke through. Keep this container away from children and pets.
Precautions while using immune globulin-hipp
It is very important that your doctor check your progress at regular visits to make sure this medicine is working properly. Blood and urine tests may be needed to check for unwanted effects.
This medicine may cause a serious type of allergic reaction, including anaphylaxis, which can be life-threatening and requires immediate medical attention. Tell your doctor right away if you have a rash, itching, hives, chest pain, dizziness or lightheadedness, trouble breathing or swallowing, or any swelling of your hands, face, or mouth after using this medicine. Certain people, including those with IgA (an immunoglobulin) deficiency and antibodies against IgA and a history of hypersensitivity to human immunoglobulin products should not use this medicine.
This medicine may increase your risk of developing blood clots. Check with your doctor right away if you or your child have swelling and pain in your arms, legs, or stomach, chest pain, loss of sensation, confusion, problems with muscle control or speech, or trouble breathing.
Check with your doctor right away if you start to have a stiff neck, drowsiness, fever, severe headache, nausea, vomiting, painful eye movements, or eye sensitivity to light. These could be symptoms of a serious condition called aseptic meningitis syndrome (AMS).
Check with your doctor right away if you start having red or dark brown urine, lower back or side pain, sudden weight gain, swollen face, arms, or legs, decreased urine output, or any problems with urination after you receive this medicine. These may be symptoms of a serious kidney problem.
This medicine may cause bleeding (hemolysis) or hemolytic anemia. Tell your doctor right away if you have stomach or back pain, dark urine, decreased urination, difficulty with breathing, an increased heart rate, tiredness, or yellow eyes or skin after you receive the medicine.
Check with your doctor right away if you start having chest pain, difficult, fast, or noisy breathing, blue lips and fingernails, fever, pale skin, increased sweating, coughing that sometimes produces a pink frothy sputum, or swelling of the legs and ankles after receiving this medicine. These may be symptoms of a serious lung problem.
This medicine is made from donated human blood. Some human blood products have transmitted certain viruses (eg, Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease) to people who have received them, although the risk is low. Human donors and donated blood are both tested for viruses to keep the transmission risk low. Talk with your doctor if you have concerns about this risk.
Make sure any doctor or dentist who treats you knows that you are using this medicine. This medicine may affect the results of certain medical tests.
While you are being treated with immune globulin injection, do not have any immunizations (vaccines) without your doctor's approval.
Side Effects of immune globulin-hipp
Along with its needed effects, a medicine may cause some unwanted effects. Although not all of these side effects may occur, if they do occur they may need medical attention.
Check with your doctor immediately if any of the following side effects occur:
- Blistering, crusting, irritation, itching, or reddening of the skin
- chest tightness
- cracked, dry, scaly skin
- difficulty breathing
- facial swelling
- noisy breathing
- skin rash
Incidence not known
- blistering, peeling, or loosening of the skin
- bloody, black, or tarry stools
- blue lips, fingernails, or skin
- blurred vision
- burning, crawling, itching, numbness, prickling, "pins and needles", or tingling feelings
- chest discomfort or pain
- collection of blood under the skin
- coughing that sometimes produces a pink frothy sputum
- decreased awareness or responsiveness
- decreased urine output
- deep, dark purple bruise
- difficult, fast, noisy breathing
- difficulty swallowing
- fast, pounding, or irregular heartbeat or pulse
- headache, severe and throbbing
- high fever
- hives or welts, itching
- increased sweating
- irregular, fast or slow, or shallow breathing
- joint or muscle pain
- lightheadedness or fainting
- loss of consciousness
- muscle twitching
- pain in the chest, groin, or legs, especially the calves
- pain, redness, or swelling of the skin
- painful or difficult urination
- pale skin
- pounding in the ears
- puffiness or swelling of the eyelids or around the eyes, face, lips, or tongue
- rapid weight gain
- red skin lesions, often with a purple center
- red, irritated eyes
- severe sleepiness
- slow heartbeat
- slurred speech
- sore throat
- sores, ulcers, or white spots in the mouth or on the lips
- stiff neck or back
- sudden loss of coordination
- sudden, severe weakness or numbness in the arm or leg
- swelling of the legs, ankles, or hands
- swollen glands
- tenderness, pain, swelling, warmth, skin discoloration, and prominent superficial veins over the affected area
- trouble breathing
- unexplained bleeding or bruising
- unusual bleeding or bruising
- unusual drowsiness, dullness, tiredness, weakness, or feeling of sluggishness
- upper stomach pain
- vision changes
Some side effects may occur that usually do not need medical attention. These side effects may go away during treatment as your body adjusts to the medicine. Also, your health care professional may be able to tell you about ways to prevent or reduce some of these side effects. Check with your health care professional if any of the following side effects continue or are bothersome or if you have any questions about them:
- Skin abrasion
Incidence not known
- Back pain
- difficulty in moving
- feeling of warmth
- increased sweating
- loss or thinning of hair
- muscle cramping
- pain in the arms or legs
- redness of the face, neck, arms, and occasionally, upper chest
- skin discoloration
- stomach distension
- swollen joints
Other side effects not listed may also occur in some patients. If you notice any other effects, check with your healthcare professional.
Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.
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