Belantamab mafodotin-blmf (Intravenous)
Ocular ToxicityBelantamab mafodotin-blmf caused changes in the corneal epithelium resulting in changes in vision, including severe vision loss and corneal ulcer, and symptoms, such as blurred vision and dry eyes.Conduct ophthalmic exams at baseline, prior to each dose, and promptly for worsening symptoms. Withhold belantamab mafodotin-blmf until improvement and resume, or permanently discontinue, based on severity.Because of the risk of ocular toxicity, belantamab mafodotin-blmf is available only through a restricted program under a Risk Evaluation and Mitigation Strategy (REMS) called the BLENREP REMS .
Commonly used brand name(s)
In the U.S.
Available Dosage Forms:
- Powder for Solution
Therapeutic Class: Antineoplastic Agent
Pharmacologic Class: Antibody Drug Conjugate
Uses for belantamab mafodotin-blmf
Belantamab mafodotin-blmf injection is used to treat multiple myeloma (a type of bone marrow cancer) in patients whose cancer has come back and who have received at least 4 previous treatments (eg, anti-CD38 monoclonal antibody, a proteasome inhibitor, and an immunomodulatory agent) that did not work well.
Belantamab mafodotin-blmf is available only under a restricted distribution program called the Blenrep REMS (Risk Evaluation and Mitigation Strategy) program.
Before using belantamab mafodotin-blmf
In deciding to use a medicine, the risks of taking the medicine must be weighed against the good it will do. This is a decision you and your doctor will make. For belantamab mafodotin-blmf, the following should be considered:
Tell your doctor if you have ever had any unusual or allergic reaction to belantamab mafodotin-blmf or any other medicines. Also tell your health care professional if you have any other types of allergies, such as to foods, dyes, preservatives, or animals. For non-prescription products, read the label or package ingredients carefully.
Appropriate studies have not been performed on the relationship of age to the effects of belantamab mafodotin-blmf injection in the pediatric population. Safety and efficacy have not been established.
Appropriate studies performed to date have not demonstrated geriatric-specific problems that would limit the usefulness of belantamab mafodotin-blmf injection in the elderly.
There are no adequate studies in women for determining infant risk when using this medication during breastfeeding. Weigh the potential benefits against the potential risks before taking this medication while breastfeeding.
Interactions with medicines
Although certain medicines should not be used together at all, in other cases two different medicines may be used together even if an interaction might occur. In these cases, your doctor may want to change the dose, or other precautions may be necessary. Tell your healthcare professional if you are taking any other prescription or nonprescription (over-the-counter [OTC]) medicine.
Interactions with food/tobacco/alcohol
Certain medicines should not be used at or around the time of eating food or eating certain types of food since interactions may occur. Using alcohol or tobacco with certain medicines may also cause interactions to occur. Discuss with your healthcare professional the use of your medicine with food, alcohol, or tobacco.
Other medical problems
The presence of other medical problems may affect the use of belantamab mafodotin-blmf. Make sure you tell your doctor if you have any other medical problems, especially:
- Eye or vision problems, history of or
- Thrombocytopenia (low platelets in the blood)—Use with caution. May make these conditions worse.
Proper use of belantamab mafodotin-blmf
A nurse or other trained health professional will give you belantamab mafodotin-blmf in a hospital. It is given through a needle placed into one of your veins. Belantamab mafodotin-blmf must be given slowly, so the IV tube will need to stay in place for at least 30 minutes. It is usually given once every 3 weeks.
It is very important that you understand the rules of the Blenrep REMS program. Read the patient Medication Guide. Read and follow these instructions carefully. Ask your doctor or pharmacist if you have any questions. You might be asked to sign a form to show that you understand the information.
Use preservative-free lubricant eye drops at least 4 times a day during treatment with belantamab mafodotin-blmf. Do not use contact lenses unless directed by your eye doctor.
Belantamab mafodotin-blmf needs to be given on a fixed schedule. If you miss a dose, call your doctor, home health caregiver, or treatment clinic for instructions.
Precautions while using belantamab mafodotin-blmf
It is very important that your doctor check your progress closely while you are receiving belantamab mafodotin-blmf to make sure that it is working properly. Blood tests may be needed to check for unwanted effects. Your doctor may want you to have your eyes checked by an ophthalmologist (eye doctor) before or during treatment.
Receiving belantamab mafodotin-blmf while you are pregnant can harm your unborn baby. If you are a woman who can bear children, your doctor may give you a pregnancy test before you start using belantamab mafodotin-blmf to make sure you are not pregnant. Use an effective form of birth control while you are receiving belantamab mafodotin-blmf and for at least 4 months after the last dose to keep from getting pregnant. Males who are taking belantamab mafodotin-blmf, with female partners who can become pregnant, must use effective birth control during and for at least 6 months after the last dose of belantamab mafodotin-blmf. If you think you have become pregnant while receiving the medicine, tell your doctor right away.
Belantamab mafodotin-blmf could cause infertility. Talk with your doctor before using belantamab mafodotin-blmf if you plan to have children.
Check with your doctor immediately if blurred vision or any other change in vision, difficulty in reading, dry eyes, or eye redness, irritation, or pain occurs during or after treatment. These may be symptoms of a serious eye problem (eg, ocular toxicity). Do not drive or do anything else that could be dangerous until you know how belantamab mafodotin-blmf affects you.
Belantamab mafodotin-blmf will lower the number of some types of blood cells in your body. Because of this, you may bleed more easily. Stay away from rough sports or other situations where you could be bruised, cut, or injured. Brush and floss your teeth gently. Be careful when using sharp objects, including razors and fingernail clippers.
Belantamab mafodotin-blmf may cause infusion-related reactions, which can be life-threatening and require immediate medical attention. Tell your doctor right away if you start to have a fever, chill or shaking, dizziness, headache, trouble breathing, itching or skin rash, lightheadedness, fainting, or fast, pounding, or uneven heartbeat after receiving belantamab mafodotin-blmf.
Belantamab mafodotin-blmf side effects
Along with its needed effects, a medicine may cause some unwanted effects. Although not all of these side effects may occur, if they do occur they may need medical attention.
Check with your doctor or nurse immediately if any of the following side effects occur:
- Black, tarry stools
- bleeding gums
- blood in urine or stools
- blurred vision or any other change in vision
- body aches or pain
- change in color vision
- chest pain
- decreased frequency or amount of urine
- difficulty seeing at night
- difficulty with swallowing
- dry eye
- dry mouth
- ear congestion
- eye redness, irritation, or pain
- fast heartbeat
- incoherent speech
- increased sensitivity of the eyes to sunlight
- increased thirst
- increased urination
- lightheadedness or faintness
- loss of appetite
- loss of voice
- low blood pressure or pulse
- lower back or side pain
- metallic taste
- muscle weakness
- pinpoint red spots on the skin
- pounding in the ears
- rapid, shallow breathing
- runny or stuffy nose
- skin rash, itching, or hives
- sore throat
- stomach pain
- swelling in the face, hands, or lower legs
- tightness in the chest
- trouble breathing
- unusual bleeding or bruising
- unusual tiredness or weakness
- weight gain or loss
Some side effects may occur that usually do not need medical attention. These side effects may go away during treatment as your body adjusts to the medicine. Also, your health care professional may be able to tell you about ways to prevent or reduce some of these side effects. Check with your health care professional if any of the following side effects continue or are bothersome or if you have any questions about them:
Other side effects not listed may also occur in some patients. If you notice any other effects, check with your healthcare professional.
Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.
Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.