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Medications for Amyloid Cardiomyopathy

Other names: Cardiomyopathy of Transthyretin-Mediated Amyloidosis

About Amyloid Cardiomyopathy

Amyloid cardiomyopathy (cardiac amyloidosis) is a heart disorder that is caused by an abnormal type of protein (amyloid) building up within the heart tissues. This eventually reduces the ability for the heart to work properly, either having problems filling or pumping. The amyloid deposits may also affect the electrical conduction in the heart which can lead to arrhythmias (abnormal heartbeats) and heart block.

There are two main proteins that cause cardiac amyloidosis. One protein is called amyloid light chain (AL) and the other protein is amyloid transthyretin (ATTR). Subtypes of ATTR include wild-type ATTR (ATTRwt), which has normal amyloid transthyretin protein that is slowly deposited within the heart over many years and causes age related amyloidosis. In mutant ATTR (ATTRm) amyloidosis subtype there is a mutation in the transthyretin gene which causes amyloid deposits to accumulate at a faster rate.

Definitive diagnosis of the subtype of amyloidosis is crucial to understand the disease form, progression, treatment and prognosis.

There are two aspects of managing of amyloid cardiomyopathy. The first point is treating cardiac symptoms of heart failure, arrhythmias and pericardial complications. The other aspect of treatment is to reduce amyloid deposition.

For AL amyloidosis chemotherapy is used to slow the progression of amyloid accumulation. In ATTR amyloidosis, depending of the specific subtype, selective stabilizers of TTR may be used to slow down the process of amyloid formation.

Drugs used to treat Amyloid Cardiomyopathy

The following list of medications are in some way related to, or used in the treatment of this condition.

Drug name Rating Reviews Activity ? Rx/OTC Pregnancy CSA Alcohol
Vyndaqel Rate Add review
Rx N

Generic name: tafamidis systemic

Drug class: transthyretin stabilizers

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: Prescribing Information

tafamidis 6.0 3 reviews
Rx N

Generic name: tafamidis systemic

Brand names:  Vyndaqel, Vyndamax

Drug class: transthyretin stabilizers

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph

Vyndamax Rate Add review
Rx N

Generic name: tafamidis systemic

Drug class: transthyretin stabilizers

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

Legend

Rating For ratings, users were asked how effective they found the medicine while considering positive/adverse effects and ease of use (1 = not effective, 10 = most effective).
Activity Activity is based on recent site visitor activity relative to other medications in the list.
Rx Prescription Only.
OTC Over the Counter.
Rx/OTC Prescription or Over the Counter.
Off-label This medication may not be approved by the FDA for the treatment of this condition.
Pregnancy Category
A Adequate and well-controlled studies have failed to demonstrate a risk to the fetus in the first trimester of pregnancy (and there is no evidence of risk in later trimesters).
B Animal reproduction studies have failed to demonstrate a risk to the fetus and there are no adequate and well-controlled studies in pregnant women.
C Animal reproduction studies have shown an adverse effect on the fetus and there are no adequate and well-controlled studies in humans, but potential benefits may warrant use in pregnant women despite potential risks.
D There is positive evidence of human fetal risk based on adverse reaction data from investigational or marketing experience or studies in humans, but potential benefits may warrant use in pregnant women despite potential risks.
X Studies in animals or humans have demonstrated fetal abnormalities and/or there is positive evidence of human fetal risk based on adverse reaction data from investigational or marketing experience, and the risks involved in use in pregnant women clearly outweigh potential benefits.
N FDA has not classified the drug.
Controlled Substances Act (CSA) Schedule
N Is not subject to the Controlled Substances Act.
1 Has a high potential for abuse. Has no currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States. There is a lack of accepted safety for use under medical supervision.
2 Has a high potential for abuse. Has a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States or a currently accepted medical use with severe restrictions. Abuse may lead to severe psychological or physical dependence.
3 Has a potential for abuse less than those in schedules 1 and 2. Has a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States. Abuse may lead to moderate or low physical dependence or high psychological dependence.
4 Has a low potential for abuse relative to those in schedule 3. It has a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States. Abuse may lead to limited physical dependence or psychological dependence relative to those in schedule 3.
5 Has a low potential for abuse relative to those in schedule 4. Has a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States. Abuse may lead to limited physical dependence or psychological dependence relative to those in schedule 4.
Alcohol
X Interacts with Alcohol.

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Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.