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Diabetes Type 1: Management

Medically reviewed by Last updated on Feb 4, 2024.

What is type 1 diabetes?

Type 1 diabetes is a disease that affects how your body makes insulin and uses glucose (sugar). Normally, when the blood sugar level increases, the pancreas makes more insulin. Insulin helps move sugar out of the blood so it can be used for energy. Type 1 diabetes develops because the immune system destroys cells in the pancreas that make insulin. The pancreas cannot make enough insulin, so the blood sugar level continues to rise. A family history of type 1 diabetes may increase your risk. Type 1 diabetes is treated with insulin.


What are the signs and symptoms of uncontrolled type 1 diabetes?

Why do I need to manage type 1 diabetes?

Type 1 diabetes management means you control your blood sugar levels and prevent diabetes complications. Management will help you feel well and enjoy your daily activities. Your diabetes care team providers can help you make a plan to fit diabetes care into your schedule. Your plan can change over time to fit your needs and your family's needs. Tell your care team if you have trouble following any part of your care plan.

What are the complications of type 1 diabetes?

High blood sugar levels can become life-threatening. Long-term high blood sugar levels can cause problems such as the following:

How can I manage my blood sugar levels?

What else can I do to manage type 1 diabetes?

Have someone call your local emergency number (911 in the US) if:

When should I call my doctor or diabetes care team provider?

Care Agreement

You have the right to help plan your care. Learn about your health condition and how it may be treated. Discuss treatment options with your healthcare providers to decide what care you want to receive. You always have the right to refuse treatment. The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

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Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.