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is a medical condition that causes feelings of sadness or hopelessness that do not go away. Depression may cause you to lose interest in things you used to enjoy. These feelings may interfere with your daily life.
Common symptoms include the following:
- Appetite changes, or weight gain or loss
- Trouble going to sleep or staying asleep, or sleeping too much
- Fatigue or lack of energy
- Feeling restless, irritable, or withdrawn
- Feeling worthless, hopeless, discouraged, or guilty
- Trouble concentrating, remembering things, doing daily tasks, or making decisions
- Thoughts about hurting or killing yourself
Call 911 for any of the following:
- You think about harming yourself or someone else.
Contact your healthcare provider if:
- Your symptoms do not improve.
- You cannot make it to your next appointment.
- You have new symptoms.
- You have questions or concerns about your condition or care.
Treatment for depression
may include medicine to improve or balance your mood. Therapy may also be used to treat your depression. A therapist will help you learn to cope with your thoughts and feelings. Therapy can be done alone or in a group. It may also be done with family members or a significant other.
- Get regular physical activity. Try to exercise for 30 minutes, 3 to 5 days a week. Work with your healthcare provider to develop an exercise plan that you enjoy. Physical activity may improve your symptoms.
- Get enough sleep. Create a routine to help you relax before bed. You can listen to music, read, or do yoga. Try to go to bed and wake up at the same time every day. Sleep is important for emotional health.
- Eat a variety of healthy foods from all of the food groups. A healthy meal plan is low in fat, salt, and added sugar. Ask your healthcare provider for more information about a meal plan that is right for you.
- Do not drink alcohol or use drugs. Alcohol and drugs can make your symptoms worse.
Follow up with your healthcare provider as directed:
Your healthcare provider will monitor your progress at follow-up visits. He or she will also monitor your medicine if you take antidepressants. Your healthcare provider will ask if the medicine is helping. Tell him or her about any side effects or problems you may have with your medicine. The type or amount of medicine may need to be changed. Write down your questions so you remember to ask them during your visits.
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The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.