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Cholecystitis

AMBULATORY CARE:

Cholecystitis

is inflammation of your gallbladder. Your gallbladder stores bile, which helps break down the fat that you eat. Your gallbladder also helps remove certain chemicals from your body. You may have a sudden, severe attack (acute cholecystitis) or several mild attacks (chronic cholecystitis).


Common signs and symptoms include the following:

  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Pain in your abdomen, often after you eat a big meal with fatty foods
  • Fever or chills
  • Lump on the right side of your abdomen
  • Decreased appetite
  • Yellowing of your skin and the whites of your eyes

Call 911 for any of the following:

  • You have chest pain or trouble breathing.

Seek care immediately or call 911 if:

  • You have severe pain in your abdomen.
  • You urinate less than usual.

Contact your healthcare provider if:

  • You have a fever or chills.
  • You have pain when you urinate.
  • Your skin or eyes turn yellow.
  • You have questions or concerns about your condition or care.

Treatment for cholecystitis

may include any of the following:

  • Medicines:
    • Antibiotics treat a bacterial infection.
    • Prescription pain medicine may be given. Ask your healthcare provider how to take this medicine safely. Some prescription pain medicines contain acetaminophen. Do not take other medicines that contain acetaminophen without talking to your healthcare provider. Too much acetaminophen may cause liver damage. Prescription pain medicine may cause constipation. Ask your healthcare provider how to prevent or treat constipation.
    • NSAIDs , such as ibuprofen, help decrease swelling, pain, and fever. This medicine is available with or without a doctor's order. NSAIDs can cause stomach bleeding or kidney problems in certain people. If you take blood thinner medicine, always ask your healthcare provider if NSAIDs are safe for you. Always read the medicine label and follow directions.
  • Cholecystostomy is a procedure to drain bile from your gallbladder by placing a hollow needle through your abdomen. You may also have a tube inserted in your gallbladder to drain it over several days or weeks.
  • Cholecystectomy is surgery to remove your gallbladder.

Eat a variety of healthy foods:

This may decrease your symptoms. Healthy foods include fruit, vegetables, whole-grain breads, low-fat dairy products, beans, lean meat, and fish. Ask if you need to be on a special diet.

Follow up with your healthcare provider as directed:

Write down your questions so you remember to ask them during your visits.

© 2016 Truven Health Analytics Inc. Information is for End User's use only and may not be sold, redistributed or otherwise used for commercial purposes. All illustrations and images included in CareNotes® are the copyrighted property of A.D.A.M., Inc. or Truven Health Analytics.

The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

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