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Bladder Stones


A bladder stone is a hard substance in your bladder. Bladder stones may form in your bladder, or they may first form in your kidney and then travel to your bladder. Bladder stones are made up of minerals such as calcium, uric acid, oxalate, and phosphate. You may have one or more bladder stone.


Informed consent

is a legal document that explains the tests, treatments, or procedures that you may need. Informed consent means you understand what will be done and can make decisions about what you want. You give your permission when you sign the consent form. You can have someone sign this form for you if you are not able to sign it. You have the right to understand your medical care in words you know. Before you sign the consent form, understand the risks and benefits of what will be done. Make sure all your questions are answered.


is a small tube placed in your vein that is used to give you medicine or liquids.


Pain medicine may be given. Do not wait until the pain is severe before you ask for more medicine.


  • Urine tests may show if you have blood, bacteria, or minerals in your urine.
  • An x-ray, ultrasound, or CT may show the bladder stones. You may be given IV contrast liquid to help the stones show up better in the pictures. Tell the healthcare provider if you have ever had an allergic reaction to contrast liquid, iodine, seafood, or shellfish.
  • Cystoscopy is a procedure used to look inside the bladder. Your healthcare provider will insert a thin, lighted tube through your urethra (where urine passes out of your body).


  • Lithotripsy is a procedure that uses energy to break up your bladder stones. The stone pieces are flushed out of your body through your urine.
  • Surgery may be needed to remove large stones that cannot be broken apart with lithotripsy.


You may develop bladder stones again if you have certain conditions, such as neurogenic bladder. Bladder stones can block the opening where urine flows from your bladder to your urethra to leave the body. This can prevent your bladder from emptying, and damage your bladder and kidneys.


You have the right to help plan your care. Learn about your health condition and how it may be treated. Discuss treatment options with your caregivers to decide what care you want to receive. You always have the right to refuse treatment.

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The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.