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Bladder Stones

Medically reviewed by Last updated on Jan 5, 2023.


A bladder stone

is a hard substance in your bladder. Bladder stones may form in your bladder, or they may first form in your kidney and then travel to your bladder. Bladder stones are made up of minerals such as calcium, uric acid, oxalate, and phosphate. You may have one or more bladder stones.

Common signs and symptoms of bladder stones:

You may not have any symptoms, or you may have any of the following:

  • Blood in your urine
  • Lower abdominal pain
  • Pain during urination
  • Trouble urinating, a weak urine stream, or a urine stream that stops and starts again
  • Urinating more often than usual, or a sudden strong urge to urinate
  • Pain or discomfort in the penis in men

Seek care immediately if:

  • You have severe pain that does not get better with medicine.
  • You are vomiting.
  • You have a fever.

Contact your healthcare provider if:

  • Your symptoms do not get better, or they get worse.
  • You have trouble urinating.
  • You have questions or concerns about your condition or care.


depends on the size of stones you have and the cause of your bladder stones. Small stones may pass on their own. You may need treatment for any conditions that caused your bladder stones to form. You may also need any of the following:

  • Drink plenty of liquids. Your healthcare provider may tell you to drink up to 8 (eight-ounce) cups of liquids each day. This helps flush out the stones when you urinate. It may also help prevent bladder stones from forming again. Water is the best liquid to drink.
  • Lithotripsy is a procedure that uses energy to break up your bladder stones. The stone pieces are flushed out of your body through your urine.
  • Surgery may be needed to remove large stones that cannot be broken apart with lithotripsy.

Treatment options

The following list of medications are in some way related to or used in the treatment of this condition.

Follow up with your healthcare provider as directed:

You may need to return for more tests or treatment. Write down your questions so you remember to ask them during your visits.

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The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

Learn more about Bladder Stones

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Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.