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Aortic Balloon Valvuloplasty
WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW:
Aortic balloon valvuloplasty is a procedure to open your aortic valve. This allows blood to flow more easily through your heart. The aortic valve is the door between the left ventricle and the aorta.
You may need any of the following:
- Antiplatelets , such as aspirin, help thin your blood so it flows easily through your heart.
- Blood thinners help prevent blood clots from forming. Blood thinner safety precautions:
- Watch for bleeding from your gums or nose. Watch for blood in your urine and bowel movements. Use a soft washcloth on your skin and a soft toothbrush on your teeth. This can keep your skin and gums from bleeding. If you shave, use an electric shaver. Do not play contact sports, such as football.
- Many medicines cannot be used when taking medicine to thin your blood. Tell your dentist and other caregivers that you take blood-thinning medicine. Wear or carry medical alert information that says you are taking this medicine.
- Tell him right away if you forget to take the medicine, or if you take too much. You may need to have regular blood tests while on this medicine. Your primary healthcare provider (PHP) uses these tests to decide how much medicine is right for you.
- Talk to your primary healthcare provider about the foods you eat. This medicine works best when you eat about the same amount of vitamin K every day. Vitamin K is mainly found in green leafy vegetables.
- Take your medicine as directed. Contact your PHP if you think your medicine is not helping or if you have side effects. Tell him if you are allergic to any medicine. Keep a list of the medicines, vitamins, and herbs you take. Include the amounts, and when and why you take them. Bring the list or the pill bottles to follow-up visits. Carry your medicine list with you in case of an emergency.
Carefully wash the wound with soap and water. Pat the area dry with a clean towel. You may have a bruise that goes from your groin down your leg.
Drink liquids as directed:
Ask your PHP how much liquid to drink each day and which liquids are best for you. You may need to drink 6 to 8 cups of liquid each day. Limit the amount of caffeine you drink.
Eat heart healthy foods:
Eat foods low in cholesterol, fat, and sodium (salt). Heart healthy foods include fruits, vegetables, whole-grain breads, low-fat dairy products, beans, lean meats, and fish. Ask for more information about a heart healthy diet.
Maintain a healthy weight:
Ask your PHP how much you should weigh. Ask him to help you create a weight loss plan if you are overweight.
Follow up with your PHP or cardiologist as directed:
Write down your questions so you remember to ask them during your visits.
Contact your PHP or cardiologist if:
- You have a fever.
- Your incision is red, swollen, or draining pus.
- You have nausea or vomiting.
- You have questions or concerns about your condition or care.
Seek care immediately or call 911 if:
- Blood soaks through your bandage.
- Your heart is fluttering.
- Your arm or leg feels warm, tender, and painful. It may look swollen and red.
- You feel lightheaded, short of breath, and have chest pain.
- You cough up blood.
- You have any of the following signs of a heart attack:
- Squeezing, pressure, fullness, or pain in your chest that lasts longer than a few minutes or returns
- Discomfort or pain in your back, neck, jaw, stomach, or arm
- Shortness of breath or breathing problems
- A sudden cold sweat, lightheadedness, dizziness, or nausea, especially with chest pain or trouble breathing
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The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.