Intal Inhaler Side Effects

Generic Name: cromolyn

Note: This document contains side effect information about cromolyn. Some of the dosage forms listed on this page may not apply to the brand name Intal Inhaler.

Some side effects of Intal Inhaler may not be reported. Always consult your doctor or healthcare specialist for medical advice. You may also report side effects to the FDA.

For the Consumer

Applies to cromolyn: oral capsule, oral solution

Along with its needed effects, cromolyn (the active ingredient contained in Intal Inhaler) may cause some unwanted effects. Although not all of these side effects may occur, if they do occur they may need medical attention.

Check with your doctor immediately if any of the following side effects occur while taking cromolyn:

Rare
  • Coughing
  • difficulty in swallowing
  • hives or itching of skin
  • swelling of face, lips, or eyelids
  • wheezing or difficulty in breathing

Check with your doctor as soon as possible if any of the following side effects occur while taking cromolyn:

Less common
  • Skin rash

Some side effects of cromolyn may occur that usually do not need medical attention. These side effects may go away during treatment as your body adjusts to the medicine. Also, your health care professional may be able to tell you about ways to prevent or reduce some of these side effects. Check with your health care professional if any of the following side effects continue or are bothersome or if you have any questions about them:

More common
  • Diarrhea
  • headache
Less common

Note: If the above side effects occur in patients with mastocytosis, they are usually only temporary and could be symptoms of the disease.

  • Abdominal pain
  • irritability
  • muscle pain
  • nausea
  • trouble in sleeping

For Healthcare Professionals

Applies to cromolyn: compounding powder, inhalation aerosol with adapter, inhalation solution, nasal spray, oral capsule, oral solution

Hypersensitivity

Hypersensitivity reactions have included anaphylaxis. Hypersensitivity side effects have been reported to develop after weeks to years of use.

Respiratory

Respiratory side effects have included throat irritation and transient cough and bronchospasm after inhalation of cromolyn (the active ingredient contained in Intal Inhaler) powder by Spinhaler. Nasal congestion has been associated with cromolyn use. Pulmonary infiltrates and pulmonary granulomatosis have been rarely reported. Wheezing and chest tightness following cromolyn use have preceded more serious allergic reactions.

Throat irritation may be relieved by drinking water before and after inhalation of cromolyn. Use of a beta-2 agonist prior to cromolyn inhalation may relieve cough and bronchospasm.

Hematologic

Hematologic side effects have included leukocytosis and eosinophilia.

Genitourinary

Genitourinary side effects have included urinary burning and irritation.

Dermatologic

Dermatologic side effects have included facial or generalized dermatitis, urticaria, and rarely, vasculitis.

Gastrointestinal

Gastrointestinal side effects have been reported with inhaled cromolyn (the active ingredient contained in Intal Inhaler) including nausea, vomiting, and rarely, esophagitis. Symptoms of lactose intolerance have been reported in a patient with lactase deficiency receiving cromolyn capsules by inhalation.

Hepatic

Hepatic side effects have included liver disease, with eosinophilic infiltrates, in association with eosinophilia.

Cardiovascular

Cardiovascular side effects have included a single case report of cardiac tamponade associated with eosinophilia.

Musculoskeletal

Musculoskeletal system side effects have rarely included myositis, which involved the lower extremities resulting in pain and fatigue.

Disclaimer: Every effort has been made to ensure that the information provided is accurate, up-to-date and complete, but no guarantee is made to that effect. In addition, the drug information contained herein may be time sensitive and should not be utilized as a reference resource beyond the date hereof. This material does not endorse drugs, diagnose patients, or recommend therapy. This information is a reference resource designed as supplement to, and not a substitute for, the expertise, skill , knowledge, and judgement of healthcare practitioners in patient care. The absence of a warning for a given drug or combination thereof in no way should be construed to indicate safety, effectiveness, or appropriateness for any given patient. Drugs.com does not assume any responsibility for any aspect of healthcare administered with the aid of materials provided. The information contained herein is not intended to cover all possible uses, directions, precautions, warnings, drug interactions, allergic reactions, or adverse effects. If you have questions about the substances you are taking, check with your doctor, nurse, or pharmacist.

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