Generic Name: budesonide and formoterol (inhalation) (bue DES oh nide and for MOE te rol)
Brand Names: Symbicort
What is Symbicort?
Symbicort contains a combination of budesonide and formoterol. Budesonide is a steroid that reduces inflammation in the body.
Formoterol is a bronchodilator that relaxes muscles in the airways to improve breathing.
Symbicort is used to prevent bronchospasm in people with asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).
For people with asthma: This medicine is for use only if asthma is severe or is not well-controlled on other long-term asthma medication, such as an inhaled steroid. Your doctor may tell you to stop using Symbicort once your asthma is well-controlled.
Symbicort may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide.
Symbicort may increase the risk of asthma-related death or breathing problems that require you to be in the hospital. Use only the prescribed dose of Symbicort, and do not use it for longer than your doctor recommends. Follow all patient instructions for safe use.
For people with asthma: This medicine is for use only if asthma is severe or is not well-controlled on other long-term asthma medication, such as an inhaled steroid.
Do not use Symbicort to treat an asthma attack that has already begun.
Before using Symbicort
You should not use Symbicort if you are allergic to budesonide (Entocort, Pulmicort, Rhinocort) or formoterol (Foradil, Perforomist).
To make sure Symbicort is safe for you, tell your doctor if you have:
heart disease or high blood pressure;
epilepsy or other seizure disorder;
glaucoma, cataracts, or herpes infection of the eyes;
any active infection, including tuberculosis;
weak immune system (caused by disease or by using certain medicine);
an electrolyte imbalance (such as low potassium levels in your blood); or
a thyroid disorder.
Long-term use of steroids may lead to bone loss (osteoporosis), especially if you smoke, if you do not exercise, if you do not get enough vitamin D or calcium in your diet, or if you have a family history of osteoporosis.
FDA pregnancy category C. It is not known whether Symbicort will harm an unborn baby. Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant while using Symbicort.
See also: Pregnancy and breastfeeding warnings (in more detail)
Budesonide and formoterol can pass into breast milk and may harm a nursing baby. You should not breast-feed while using Symbicort.
Budesonide can affect growth in children. Talk with your doctor if you think your child is not growing at a normal rate while using this medication.
Do not give Symbicort to a child younger than 12 years old.
How should I use Symbicort?
Symbicort may increase the risk of asthma-related death or breathing problems that require you to be in the hospital. Use only the prescribed dose of Symbicort, and do not use it for longer than your doctor recommends. Follow all directions on your prescription label and the patient instructions for safe use.
Symbicort comes with a medication guide for safe and effective use, and directions for priming and cleaning the inhaler device. Follow these directions carefully. Ask your doctor or pharmacist if you have any questions.
If Symbicort gets in your eyes, rinse with water and call your doctor if you have severe eye redness or irritation.
Always rinse out your mouth with water after using the inhaler device, to help prevent thrush (a fungal infection in the mouth or throat).
Do not try to take apart the inhaler device. Clean the mouthpiece every 7 days following the instructions in the medication guide.
Your dose needs may change if you have surgery, are ill, are under stress, or have recently had an asthma attack. Do not change your Symbicort dose or schedule without your doctor's advice.
Symbicort will not work fast enough to treat an asthma attack. Use only a fast acting inhalation medicine for an asthma attack.
Call your doctor if your symptoms do not improve after the first week of treatment, or if your symptoms get worse.
Seek medical attention if you think your asthma medications are not working as well. An increased need for medication could be an early sign of a serious asthma attack. If you use a peak flow meter at home, call your doctor if your numbers are lower than normal.
If you also use a steroid medication, do not stop using it suddenly or you may have unpleasant withdrawal symptoms. Follow your doctor's instructions about tapering your dose.
Wear a medical alert tag or carry an ID card to let others know that you may need an oral steroid in an emergency.
Your doctor will need to check your progress while you are using Symbicort. Your vision and bone mineral density may also need to be checked.
Store Symbicort at room temperature, away from moisture, light, and heat. Always keep the cover on the inhaler device when not in use. Keep the medicine canister away from open flame or high heat, such as in a car on a hot day. The canister may explode if it gets too hot. Do not puncture or burn an empty inhaler canister.
Throw the Symbicort inhaler away when the inhalations counter on the canister shows a 0, or if it has been longer than 3 months since you first took the canister out of its foil pouch. Do not float the canister in water or take it apart. The dose indicator on the inhaler will turn yellow when there are 20 doses left in the device. Get your prescription refilled before you run out of Symbicort completely. Always use the new inhaler device provided with your refill.
What happens if I miss a dose?
Use the missed dose as soon as you remember. Skip the missed dose if it is almost time for your next scheduled dose. Do not use extra medicine to make up the missed dose.
What happens if I overdose?
Seek emergency medical attention or call the Poison Help line at 1-800-222-1222.
Overdose can cause severe headache, buzzing in your ears, confusion, chest pain, shortness of breath, fast or uneven heartbeats, tremor, or nervousness.
What should I avoid?
If this Symbicort gets in your eyes, rinse with water and call your doctor if you have severe eye redness or irritation.
Do not use a second form of formoterol (such as Foradil, Performist) or use a similar inhaled bronchodilator such as salmeterol (Serevent, Advair) or arformoterol (Brovana) unless your doctor has told you to.
Using a steroid can lower the blood cells that help your body fight infections. Avoid being near people who are sick or have infections. Call your doctor for preventive treatment if you are exposed to chicken pox or measles. These conditions can be serious or even fatal in people who are using steroid medicines.
Symbicort side effects
Get emergency medical help if you have any of these signs of an allergic reaction to Symbicort: hives; difficult breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.
Call your doctor at once if you have:
worsening asthma symptoms;
wheezing, choking, or other breathing problems after using this medication;
blurred vision, tunnel vision, eye pain, or seeing halos around lights;
signs of infection--fever, chills, body aches, nausea, vomiting, unusual tiredness;
symptoms of pneumonia--cough with yellow or green mucus, stabbing chest pain, wheezing, feeling short of breath;
swelling of your blood vessels--numbness or tingling in your arms or legs, flu symptoms, stuffy nose, sinus pain, skin rash;
low potassium--confusion, uneven heart rate, extreme thirst, increased urination, leg discomfort, muscle weakness or limp feeling; or
high blood sugar--increased thirst, increased urination, hunger, dry mouth, fruity breath odor, drowsiness, dry skin, blurred vision, weight loss.
Common Symbicort side effects may include:
white patches in your mouth or throat (call your doctor if this occurs);
throat irritation after using the inhaler;
cold symptoms such as runny nose, sneezing, sore throat;
back pain; or
This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.
See also: Side effects (in more detail)
What other drugs will affect Symbicort?
Other drugs may interact with Symbicort, including prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal products. Tell each of your health care providers about all medicines you use now and any medicine you start or stop using.
More about Symbicort (budesonide / formoterol)
- Symbicort aerosol
- Symbicort (Advanced Reading)
- Symbicort 100 Turbuhaler (Advanced Reading)
- Symbicort 200 Turbuhaler (Advanced Reading)
Related treatment guides
Where can I get more information?
- Your pharmacist can provide more information about Symbicort.
- Remember, keep this and all other medicines out of the reach of children, never share your medicines with others, and use Symbicort only for the indication prescribed.
- Disclaimer: Every effort has been made to ensure that the information provided by Cerner Multum, Inc. ('Multum') is accurate, up-to-date, and complete, but no guarantee is made to that effect. Drug information contained herein may be time sensitive. Multum information has been compiled for use by healthcare practitioners and consumers in the United States and therefore Multum does not warrant that uses outside of the United States are appropriate, unless specifically indicated otherwise. Multum's drug information does not endorse drugs, diagnose patients or recommend therapy. Multum's drug information is an informational resource designed to assist licensed healthcare practitioners in caring for their patients and/or to serve consumers viewing this service as a supplement to, and not a substitute for, the expertise, skill, knowledge and judgment of healthcare practitioners. The absence of a warning for a given drug or drug combination in no way should be construed to indicate that the drug or drug combination is safe, effective or appropriate for any given patient. Multum does not assume any responsibility for any aspect of healthcare administered with the aid of information Multum provides. The information contained herein is not intended to cover all possible uses, directions, precautions, warnings, drug interactions, allergic reactions, or adverse effects. If you have questions about the drugs you are taking, check with your doctor, nurse or pharmacist.
Copyright 1996-2014 Cerner Multum, Inc. Version: 7.01. Revision Date: 2013-10-01, 8:40:24 AM.