Generic Name: Spiriva (tye oh TROE pee um)
Brand Names: Spiriva, Spiriva Respimat
Update: FDA Approves Spiriva Respimat - September 24, 2014. Read more...
What is Spiriva?
Spiriva (tiotropium) is a bronchodilator that relaxes muscles in the airways and increases air flow to the lungs.
Spiriva is used to prevent bronchospasm (narrowing of the airways in the lungs) in people with bronchitis, emphysema, or COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease).
Spiriva may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide.
A Spiriva capsule is for use only in the HandiHaler device. Do not take the capsule by mouth. Use only one capsule at a time.
Before using Spiriva, tell your doctor if you have narrow-angle glaucoma, or an enlarged prostate or bladder obstruction.
Spiriva is used to prevent bronchospasm attacks. Do not use this medication to treat a bronchospasm attack that has already begun. It will not work fast enough to reverse your symptoms. Use only a fast-acting inhalation medication to treat an attack.
Before using Spiriva
You should not use Spiriva if you are allergic to tiotropium or ipratropium (Atrovent, Combivent, DuoNeb).
To make sure Spiriva is safe for you, tell your doctor if you have:
enlarged prostate or urination problems;
if you are allergic to milk; or
if you take Parkinson's disease medication, bladder or urinary medicines, stomach ulcer medicine, or medicines to treat irritable bowel syndrome.
FDA pregnancy category C. It is not known whether Spiriva is harmful to an unborn baby. Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant during treatment.
See also: Pregnancy and breastfeeding warnings (in more detail)
It is not known whether tiotropium passes into breast milk or if it could harm a nursing baby. Tell your doctor if you are breast-feeding a baby.
How should I use Spiriva?
Use Spiriva exactly as prescribed by your doctor. Do not use in larger or smaller amounts or for longer than recommended. Follow the directions on your prescription label.
The Spiriva capsule is for use only in the HandiHaler device. Do not take the capsule by mouth. Use only one capsule at a time.
Spiriva will not work fast enough to treat an asthma attack. Use only a fast acting inhalation medicine for an asthma attack. Tell your doctor if it seems like your asthma medications don't work as well.
This medication comes with patient instructions for safe and effective use. Follow these directions carefully. Ask your doctor or pharmacist if you have any questions.
Use Spiriva regularly to get the most benefit. Get your prescription refilled before you run out of medicine completely.
To be sure this medication is helping your condition, your lung function will need to be tested on a regular basis.
Store at room temperature away from moisture and heat. Do not freeze.
Keep each Spiriva capsule in its blister pack until you are ready to place the capsule into the HandiHaler and use the device. Throw away any capsule that is not used right after you have taken it out of the blister pack. Exposure to air can ruin the capsule.
What happens if I miss a dose?
Use the medication as soon as you remember. If it is almost time for the next dose, skip the missed dose and wait until your next regularly scheduled dose. Do not use extra medicine to make up the missed dose.
Do not use the Spiriva HandiHaler more than 1 time in a 24-hour period.
What happens if I overdose?
Seek emergency medical attention if you think you have used too much of this medicine.
Overdose symptoms may include dry mouth, eye redness, constipation, stomach pain, and confusion or drowsiness.
What should I avoid?
Avoid getting the powder from a Spiriva capsule in your eyes. If this does happen, call your doctor.
Spiriva side effects
Get emergency medical help if you have any of these signs of an allergic reaction to Spiriva: hives, itching; difficult breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.
Call your doctor at once if you have a serious side effect such as:
wheezing, choking, or other breathing problems after using this medication;
blurred vision, eye pain or redness, seeing halos around lights;
sores or white patches of your mouth, lips, or tongue;
pain or burning when you urinate; or
little or no urinating.
Common Spiriva side effects may include:
cold symptoms such as stuffy nose, runny nose, sore throat;
upset stomach; or
fast heart rate.
This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.
See also: Side effects (in more detail)
What other drugs will affect Spiriva?
Other drugs may interact with Spiriva, including prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal products. Tell each of your health care providers about all medicines you use now and any medicine you start or stop using.
More about Spiriva (tiotropium)
Related treatment guides
Where can I get more information?
- Your pharmacist can provide more information about Spiriva.
- Remember, keep this and all other medicines out of the reach of children, never share your medicines with others, and use Spiriva only for the indication prescribed.
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