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Bladder Sling Procedures


A bladder sling procedure is surgery to treat urinary incontinence in women. A sling made from a piece of your muscle tissue is inserted during the surgery. The sling keeps your urethra in place and holds it closed even when your bladder is full.



  • Pain medicine: You may need medicine to take away or decrease pain.

    • Learn how to take your medicine. Ask what medicine and how much you should take. Be sure you know how, when, and how often to take it.

    • Do not wait until the pain is severe before you take your medicine. Tell caregivers if your pain does not decrease.

    • Pain medicine can make you dizzy or sleepy. Prevent falls by calling someone when you get out of bed or if you need help.

  • Take your medicine as directed. Call your healthcare provider if you think your medicine is not helping or if you have side effects. Tell him if you are allergic to any medicine. Keep a list of the medicines, vitamins, and herbs you take. Include the amounts, and when and why you take them. Bring the list or the pill bottles to follow-up visits. Carry your medicine list with you in case of an emergency.

Follow up with your primary healthcare provider as directed:

You may need a test to check how much urine remains in your bladder after you urinate. This will help show how the sling is working. Write down your questions so you remember to ask them during your visits.

Keep a diary:

Keep a diary of when you urinate and if you leak any urine. Make sure you write down what you were doing when you leaked urine, such as coughing or sneezing. Bring the diary to your follow-up visit with your primary healthcare provider.


You may need to put a catheter into your bladder after you urinate to empty any remaining urine. A catheter is a small rubber tube used to drain urine. Caregivers will teach you how to put the catheter in safely. This may be needed until caregivers are sure you are completely emptying your bladder.


Do not lift heavy objects for 5 to 6 weeks after your procedure. Ask your primary healthcare provider when you can return to work or your usual activities.

Sexual activity:

You will need to avoid sexual intercourse for 3 to 4 weeks after your procedure. Ask your primary healthcare provider when you can have sex again.

Contact your primary healthcare provider if:

  • You have a fever.

  • You do not feel like you are able to empty your bladder completely when you urinate.

  • You feel the need to urinate very suddenly.

  • You have pain when you urinate.

  • You have questions or concerns about your condition or care.

Seek care immediately or call 911 if:

  • You are bleeding from your vagina and it is not time for your monthly period.

  • Blood soaks through your abdominal bandage.

  • You have yellow or foul smelling discharge from your vagina or abdominal wound.

  • You cannot urinate, or you are urinating less than what is normal for you.

  • You have sudden trouble breathing.

  • You feel confused.

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The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.