Isosulfan Blue Injection
Dosage form: injection, solution
Medically reviewed by Drugs.com. Last updated on July 1, 2019.
On This Page
- Indications and Usage
- Dosage and Administration
- Dosage Forms and Strengths
- Warnings and Precautions
- Adverse Reactions/Side Effects
- Drug Interactions
- Use In Specific Populations
- Clinical Pharmacology
- Nonclinical Toxicology
- How Supplied/Storage and Handling
- Patient Counseling Information
Indications and Usage for Isosulfan Blue Injection
Lymphatic Vessel Delineation
Isosulfan Blue Injection 1% upon subcutaneous administration, delineates lymphatic vessels draining the region of injection. It is an adjunct to lymphography in: primary and secondary lymphedema of the extremities; chyluria, chylous ascites or chylothorax; lymph node involvement by primary or secondary neoplasm; and lymph node response to therapeutic modalities.
Isosulfan Blue Injection Dosage and Administration
Isosulfan Blue Injection 1% is to be administered subcutaneously, one-half (1/2) mL into three (3) interdigital spaces of each extremity per study. A maximum dose of 3 mL (30 mg) isosulfan blue is, therefore, injected.
Dosage Forms and Strengths
Warnings and Precautions
Life threatening anaphylactic reactions (respiratory distress, shock, angioedema) have occurred after Isosulfan Blue Injection 1% administration. Reactions are more likely to occur in patients with a history of bronchial asthma, allergies, drug reactions or previous reactions to triphenylmethane dyes. Monitor patients closely for at least 60 minutes after administration of Isosulfan Blue Injection 1%. Trained personnel should be available to administer emergency care including resuscitation.
Precipitation of Isosulfan Blue Injection 1% by Lidocaine
The admixture of Isosulfan Blue Injection 1% (with local anesthetics (i.e. lidocaine)) in the same syringe results in an immediate precipitation of 4% to 9% drug complex. Use a separate syringe to administer a local anesthetic.
Interference with Oxygen Saturation and Methemoglobin Measurements
Isosulfan Blue Injection 1% interferes with measurements of oxygen saturation in peripheral blood by pulse oximetry and can cause falsely low readings. The interference effect is maximal at 30 minutes and minimal generally by 4 hours after administration. Arterial blood gas analysis may be needed to verify decreased arterial partial pressure of oxygen.
Isosulfan Blue Injection 1% may also cause falsely elevated readings of methemoglobin by arterial blood gas analyzer. Therefore, co-oximetry may be needed to verify methemoglobin level.
Hypersensitivity Reactions: Case series report an overall incidence of hypersensitivity reactions in approximately 2% of patients. Life threatening anaphylactic reactions have occurred. Manifestations include respiratory distress, shock, angioedema, urticaria, pruritus. A death has been reported following administration of a similar compound employed to estimate the depth of a severe burn. Reactions are more likely to occur in patients with a personal or family history of bronchial asthma, significant allergies, drug reactions or previous reactions to triphenylmethane dyes [see Warnings and Precautions (5)].
Laboratory Tests: Isosulfan Blue Injection 1% interferes with measurements of oxygen saturation by pulse oximetry and of methemoglobin by gas analyzer [see Warnings and Precautions (5)].
Skin: transient or long-term (tattooing) blue coloration.
USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS
Because many drugs are excreted in human milk, caution should be exercised when Isosulfan Blue Injection 1% is administered to a nursing mother.
Isosulfan Blue Injection Description
The chemical name of Isosulfan Blue Injection 1% is N-[4- [[4-(diethylamino)phenyl] (2,5-disulfophenyl) methylene]-2,5-cyclohexadien-1-ylidene]-N-ethylethanaminium hydroxide, inner salt, sodium salt. Its structural formula is:
Isosulfan Blue Injection 1% is a sterile aqueous solution for subcutaneous administration. Phosphate buffer in sterile, pyrogen free water is added in sufficient quantity to yield a final pH of 6.8 to 7.4. Each mL of solution contains 10 mg isosulfan blue, 6.6 mg sodium monohydrogen phosphate and 2.7 mg potassium dihydrogen phosphate. The solution contains no preservative. Isosulfan Blue Injection 1% is a contrast agent for the delineation of lymphatic vessels.
Isosulfan Blue Injection - Clinical Pharmacology
Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility
Long-term studies in animals have not been performed to evaluate the carcinogenic potential of Isosulfan Blue Injection 1%. Reproduction studies in animals have not been conducted and, therefore, it is unknown if a problem concerning mutagenesis or impairment of fertility in either males or females exists.
Pregnancy Category C. Animal reproduction studies have not been conducted with Isosulfan Blue Injection 1%. It is not known whether Isosulfan Blue Injection 1% can cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman or can affect reproduction capacity. Isosulfan Blue Injection 1% should be given to a pregnant woman only if clearly needed.
How Supplied/Storage and Handling
carton containing 6 x 5 mL single-dose vials
STORAGE: Store at 20° to 25°C (68° to 77°F). [See USP Controlled Room Temperature]. Avoid excessive heat.
Patient Counseling Information
Code No.: KR/DRUGS/KTK/28/289/97
Somerset Therapeutics, LLC
Somerset, NJ 08873
PACKAGE LABEL.PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL
Isosulfan Blue Injection, solution
|Labeler - Somerset Therapeutics, LLC (079947873)|
|Registrant - Somerset Therapeutics, LLC (079947873)|
|Wintac Limited||677236695||ANALYSIS(70069-221), LABEL(70069-221), MANUFACTURE(70069-221), PACK(70069-221)|