Medically reviewed by Drugs.com. Last updated on Sep 29, 2020.
(FER ik SIT rate)
- Tetraferric Tricitrate Decahydrate
Excipient information presented when available (limited, particularly for generics); consult specific product labeling.
Auryxia: Ferric iron 210 mg (ferric citrate 1 g) [contains fd&c blue #2 aluminum lake, fd&c red #40 aluminum lake, fd&c yellow #6 aluminum lake]
Brand Names: U.S.
- Iron Preparations
- Phosphate Binder
Hyperphosphatemia: Lowers serum phosphate by binding to dietary phosphate in the GI tract; product precipitates as insoluble ferric phosphate and is excreted in feces.
Iron deficiency anemia: Oxidized ferric iron circulates bound to transferrin where it is incorporated into hemoglobin after it is transported through enterocytes into the blood.
Use: Labeled Indications
Hyperphosphatemia: For the control of serum phosphorus levels in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) receiving dialysis
Iron deficiency anemia: Treatment of iron deficiency anemia in patients with CKD not on dialysis
Iron overload syndromes (eg, hemochromatosis)
Note: Each tablet contains 210 mg of ferric iron equivalent to 1 g ferric citrate.
Initial: Two tablets (420 mg ferric iron) 3 times daily
Maintenance: Increase or decrease dose by 1 tablet or 2 tablets (ferric iron 210 mg to 420 mg) as needed at 1-week or longer intervals to achieve target serum phosphorus levels (maximum dose: 12 tablets [ferric iron 2,520 mg] daily).
Iron deficiency anemia (nondialysis CKD): Oral: One tablet (ferric iron 210 mg) 3 times daily; titrate dose as needed to achieve and maintain target hemoglobin level (maximum dose: 12 tablets [ferric iron 2,520 mg] daily). Note: In one clinical trial, dose titration occurred at 4-week intervals to achieve desired hemoglobin levels; dose was increased only if serum phosphorus level ≥3 mg/dL, was decreased if serum phosphorus level <2.5 mg/dL, and temporarily discontinued if serum phosphorus level <2 mg/dL (Fishbane 2017).
Dosage adjustment for concomitant therapy: Significant drug interactions exist, requiring dose/frequency adjustment or avoidance. Consult drug interactions database for more information.
Refer to adult dosing.
Administer with meals. Do not chew or crush tablets (may discolor mouth and teeth).
Ensure adherence with prescribed diet.
Store at 20°C to 25°C (68°F to 77°F); excursions are permitted between 15°C and 30°C (59°F and 86°F). Protect from moisture.
Alpha-Lipoic Acid: Iron Preparations may decrease the absorption of Alpha-Lipoic Acid. Alpha-Lipoic Acid may decrease the absorption of Iron Preparations. Management: Separate administration of alpha-lipoic acid from that of any iron-containing compounds by several hours. If alpha-lipoic acid is given 30 minutes before breakfast, then administer oral iron-containing products at lunch or dinner. Consider therapy modification
Baloxavir Marboxil: Polyvalent Cation Containing Products may decrease the serum concentration of Baloxavir Marboxil. Avoid combination
Bictegravir: Iron Preparations may decrease the serum concentration of Bictegravir. Management: Bictegravir, emtricitabine, and tenofovir alafenamide can be administered with iron preparations under fed conditions, but coadministration with or 2 hours after an iron preparation is not recommended under fasting conditions. Consider therapy modification
Bisphosphonate Derivatives: Polyvalent Cation Containing Products may decrease the serum concentration of Bisphosphonate Derivatives. Management: Avoid administration of oral medications containing polyvalent cations within: 2 hours before or after tiludronate/clodronate/etidronate; 60 minutes after oral ibandronate; or 30 minutes after alendronate/risedronate. Consider therapy modification
Cefdinir: Iron Preparations may decrease the serum concentration of Cefdinir. Red-appearing, non-bloody stools may also develop due to the formation of an insoluble iron-cefdinir complex. Management: Avoid concurrent cefdinir and oral iron when possible. Separate doses by at least 2 hours if combined. Iron-containing infant formulas do not appear alter cefdinir pharmacokinetics, but red-appearing, non-bloody stools may develop when combined. Consider therapy modification
Deferiprone: Polyvalent Cation Containing Products may decrease the serum concentration of Deferiprone. Management: Separate administration of deferiprone and oral medications or supplements that contain polyvalent cations by at least 4 hours. Consider therapy modification
Dimercaprol: May enhance the nephrotoxic effect of Iron Preparations. Avoid combination
Dolutegravir: Iron Preparations may decrease the serum concentration of Dolutegravir. Management: Administer dolutegravir at least 2 hours before or 6 hours after oral iron. Administer dolutegravir/rilpivirine at least 4 hours before or 6 hours after oral iron. Alternatively, dolutegravir and oral iron can be taken together with food. Consider therapy modification
Eltrombopag: Polyvalent Cation Containing Products may decrease the serum concentration of Eltrombopag. Management: Administer eltrombopag at least 2 hours before or 4 hours after oral administration of any polyvalent cation containing product. Consider therapy modification
Elvitegravir: Polyvalent Cation Containing Products may decrease the serum concentration of Elvitegravir. Management: Administer elvitegravir 2 hours before or 6 hours after the administration of polyvalent cation containing products. Consider therapy modification
Entacapone: Iron Preparations may decrease the serum concentration of Entacapone. Management: Consider separating doses of the agents by 2 or more hours to minimize the effects of this interaction. Monitor for decreased therapeutic effects of levodopa during concomitant therapy, particularly if doses cannot be separated. Consider therapy modification
Levodopa: Iron Preparations may decrease the serum concentration of Levodopa. Only applies to oral iron preparations. Management: Consider separating doses of the agents by 2 or more hours to minimize the effects of this interaction. Monitor for decreased therapeutic effects of levodopa during concomitant therapy, particularly if doses cannot be separated. Consider therapy modification
Levothyroxine: Iron Preparations may decrease the serum concentration of Levothyroxine. Management: Separate oral administration of iron preparations and levothyroxine by at least 4 hours. Separation of doses is not required with parenterally administered iron preparations or levothyroxine. Consider therapy modification
Methyldopa: Iron Preparations may decrease the serum concentration of Methyldopa. Management: Consider separating doses of methyldopa and orally administered iron preparation by 2 or more hours. Monitor for decreased efficacy of methyldopa if an oral iron preparation is initiated/dose increase, or increased efficacy if discontinued/dose decreased. Consider therapy modification
PenicillAMINE: Polyvalent Cation Containing Products may decrease the serum concentration of PenicillAMINE. Management: Separate the administration of penicillamine and oral polyvalent cation containing products by at least 1 hour. Consider therapy modification
Phosphate Supplements: Iron Preparations may decrease the absorption of Phosphate Supplements. Management: Administer oral phosphate supplements as far apart from the administration of an oral iron preparation as possible to minimize the significance of this interaction. Consider therapy modification
Quinolones: Iron Preparations may decrease the serum concentration of Quinolones. Management: Give oral quinolones at least several hours before (4 h for moxi- and sparfloxacin, 2 h for others) or after (8 h for moxi-, 6 h for cipro/dela-, 4 h for lome-, 3 h for gemi-, and 2 h for enox-, levo-, nor-, oflox-, peflox, or nalidixic acid) oral iron. Consider therapy modification
Raltegravir: Polyvalent Cation Containing Products may decrease the serum concentration of Raltegravir. Management: Administer raltegravir 2 hours before or 6 hours after administration of the polyvalent cations. Dose separation may not adequately minimize the significance of this interaction. Consider therapy modification
Tetracyclines: May decrease the absorption of Iron Preparations. Iron Preparations may decrease the serum concentration of Tetracyclines. Management: Avoid this combination if possible. Administer oral iron preparations at least 2 hours before, or 4 hours after, the dose of the oral tetracycline derivative. Monitor for decreased therapeutic effect of oral tetracycline derivatives. Consider therapy modification
Trientine: Polyvalent Cation Containing Products may decrease the serum concentration of Trientine. Management: Avoid concomitant administration of trientine and oral products that contain polyvalent cations. If oral iron supplements are required, separate the administration by 2 hours. If other oral polyvalent cations are needed, separate administration by 1 hour. Consider therapy modification
The following adverse drug reactions and incidences are derived from product labeling unless otherwise specified.
>10%: Gastrointestinal: Darkening of stools (19% to 22%), diarrhea (21%), constipation (8% to 18%), nausea (10% to 11%)
1% to 10%:
Endocrine & metabolic: Hyperkalemia (5%)
Gastrointestinal: Vomiting (7%), abdominal pain (5%)
Respiratory: Cough (6%)
Concerns related to adverse effects:
• Iron toxicity: May increase serum iron, ferritin, and transferrin saturation (TSAT), which may lead to excessive elevations in iron stores. Evaluate serum iron, ferritin, and TSAT at baseline and during therapy.
• Stool discoloration: May cause discolored (dark) stools related to iron content.
Concurrent drug therapy issues:
• Iron supplements: Patients receiving parenteral iron supplementation may require a dose reduction or discontinuation when ferric citrate is initiated.
• Overdose: Contains iron, a leading cause of fatal poisoning in children <6 years of age. Keep out of reach of children; in case of accidental overdose, immediately contact a poison control center or a health care provider.
Serum iron, ferritin, and transferrin saturation (TSAT) at baseline and during therapy; serum phosphorus (periodically)
Maternal iron requirements increase during pregnancy. Adequate iron concentrations to the fetus can be maintained regardless of maternal iron status, except in severe cases of anemia (IOM 2001). Untreated iron deficiency and iron deficiency anemia (IDA) in a pregnant female may be associated with adverse events, including low birth weight, preterm birth, or increased perinatal mortality (ACOG 95 2008; BSH [Pavord 2020]; IOM 2001).
In general, treatment of iron deficiency or IDA in pregnancy is the same as in nonpregnant females (USPSTF [Siu 2015]). Ferrous salts are preferred over ferric salts for the oral management of IDA in pregnancy due to better absorption and bioavailability (BSH [Pavord 2020]). Iron supplementation is recommended for 3 months once hemoglobin is within the normal range, and for at least 6 months postpartum to replenish maternal iron stores (BSH [Pavord 2020]; FIGO 2019). The majority of studies note iron therapy improves maternal hematologic parameters; however, information related to clinical outcomes in the mother and neonate is limited (FIGO 2019; Peña-Rosas 2015; Reveiz 2011; USPSTF [Siu 2015]).
Oral preparations are generally sufficient; however, parenteral iron therapy may be used in females who cannot tolerate or will not take oral iron, in cases of severe iron deficiency, or when malabsorption is present (ACOG 95 2008; BSH [Pavord 2020]).
Iron overdose in pregnant women may lead to an increased risk of fetal malformations, spontaneous abortion, and gestational diabetes.
What is this drug used for?
• It is used to lower high phosphate levels.
• It is used to treat anemia.
All drugs may cause side effects. However, many people have no side effects or only have minor side effects. Call your doctor or get medical help if any of these side effects or any other side effects bother you or do not go away:
• Dark stools
WARNING/CAUTION: Even though it may be rare, some people may have very bad and sometimes deadly side effects when taking a drug. Tell your doctor or get medical help right away if you have any of the following signs or symptoms that may be related to a very bad side effect:
• Severe nausea
• Severe vomiting
• Severe diarrhea
• Severe constipation
• Signs of an allergic reaction, like rash; hives; itching; red, swollen, blistered, or peeling skin with or without fever; wheezing; tightness in the chest or throat; trouble breathing, swallowing, or talking; unusual hoarseness; or swelling of the mouth, face, lips, tongue, or throat.
Note: This is not a comprehensive list of all side effects. Talk to your doctor if you have questions.
Consumer Information Use and Disclaimer: This information should not be used to decide whether or not to take this medicine or any other medicine. Only the healthcare provider has the knowledge and training to decide which medicines are right for a specific patient. This information does not endorse any medicine as safe, effective, or approved for treating any patient or health condition. This is only a limited summary of general information about the medicine’s uses from the patient education leaflet and is not intended to be comprehensive. This limited summary does NOT include all information available about the possible uses, directions, warnings, precautions, interactions, adverse effects, or risks that may apply to this medicine. This information is not intended to provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment and does not replace information you receive from the healthcare provider. For a more detailed summary of information about the risks and benefits of using this medicine, please speak with your healthcare provider and review the entire patient education leaflet.
More about ferric citrate
- Side Effects
- During Pregnancy or Breastfeeding
- Dosage Information
- Drug Interactions
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- Drug class: phosphate binders
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