Brand name: Zymar
Drug class: Antibacterials
VA class: OP210
Chemical name: (±-1-Cyclopropyl-6-fluoro-1,4-dihydro-8-methoxy-7-(3-methyl-1-piperazinyl)-4-oxo-3-quinoline- carboxylic acid sesquihydrate
Molecular formula: C19H22FN3O4
CAS number: 112811-59-3
Antibacterial; 8-methoxy fluoroquinolone.
Uses for Gatifloxacin (EENT)
Bacterial Ophthalmic Infections
Topical treatment of bacterial conjunctivitis caused by susceptible Staphylococcus aureus, S. epidermidis, Streptococcus mitis group, S. oralis, S. pneumoniae, or Haemophilus influenzae.
Many cases of mild, acute bacterial conjunctivitis resolve spontaneously without anti-infective therapy. Although topical ophthalmic anti-infectives may shorten time to resolution and reduce severity and risk of complications, avoid indiscriminate use of topical anti-infectives.
Treatment of acute bacterial conjunctivitis generally is empiric; use of a broad-spectrum topical ophthalmic antibacterial usually recommended. In vitro staining and/or cultures of conjunctival material may be indicated in diagnosis and management of recurrent, severe, or chronic purulent conjunctivitis or when acute conjunctivitis does not respond to initial empiric topical treatment.
Gatifloxacin (EENT) Dosage and Administration
Apply 0.5% ophthalmic solution topically to the eye.
For topical ophthalmic use only; do not inject directly into anterior chamber of the eye. (See Administration Precautions under Cautions.)
Avoid contaminating applicator tip with material from eye, fingers, or other source.
Bacterial Ophthalmic Infections
Children ≥1 year of age: Instill 1 drop of 0.5% solution in the affected eye(s) every 2 hours while awake (up to 8 times daily) on day 1, then 1 drop 2–4 times daily while awake on days 2 through 7.
Bacterial Ophthalmic Infections
Instill 1 drop of 0.5% solution in the affected eye(s) every 2 hours while awake (up to 8 times daily) on day 1, then 1 drop 2–4 times daily while awake on days 2 through 7.
Cautions for Gatifloxacin (EENT)
Hypersensitivity to gatifloxacin, other quinolones, or any ingredient in the formulation.
Hypersensitivity reactions, including anaphylactic reactions, angioedema (e.g., pharyngeal, laryngeal, or facial edema), dyspnea, urticaria, and itching, reported in patients receiving gatifloxacin ophthalmic solution. Stevens-Johnson syndrome reported rarely.
Hypersensitivity reactions have occurred following a single dose.
Immediately discontinue at first sign of rash or hypersensitivity reaction.
For topical ophthalmic use only.
Corneal endothelial cell injury may occur if gatifloxacin ophthalmic solution is introduced directly into anterior chamber of the eye.
Prolonged use may result in overgrowth of nonsusceptible organisms, including fungi.
If superinfection occurs, discontinue gatifloxacin ophthalmic solution and institute appropriate therapy.
Whenever clinical judgment dictates, examine patient with the aid of magnification (e.g., slit lamp biomicroscopy) and, if appropriate, fluorescein staining.
Do not wear contact lenses during treatment with gatifloxacin ophthalmic solution or if any signs or symptoms of bacterial conjunctivitis are present.
Data not available regarding use of gatifloxacin 0.5% ophthalmic solution in pregnant women.
Distributed into milk in rats after oral administration; not known whether distributed into human milk following topical application to the eye.
Consider benefits of breast-feeding and importance of the drug to the woman; also consider potential adverse effects on the breast-fed child from the drug or underlying maternal condition.
Safety and efficacy not established in children <1 year of age.
No overall differences in safety and efficacy relative to younger adults.
Common Adverse Effects
Worsening of conjunctivitis, eye irritation, dysgeusia, eye pain.
Interactions for Gatifloxacin (EENT)
No formal drug interaction studies using gatifloxacin 0.5% ophthalmic solution.
Gatifloxacin (EENT) Pharmacokinetics
Serum concentrations of gatifloxacin were undetectable (<5 ng/mL) after topical application to one eye of gatifloxacin 0.5% ophthalmic solution in an escalated dosage regimen (2 drops initially, then 2 drops 4 times daily for 7 days, and then 2 drops 8 times daily for 3 days).
15–25°C (may be exposed to 15–30°C). Protect from freezing.
Contains benzalkonium chloride as a preservative.
Actions and Spectrum
Like other fluoroquinolones, inhibits DNA synthesis in susceptible bacteria via inhibition of type II DNA topoisomerases (DNA gyrase, topoisomerase IV).
Spectrum of activity includes gram-positive aerobic bacteria and some gram-negative aerobic bacteria.
Active in vitro and in vivo in conjunctival infections against Staphylococcus aureus, S. epidermidis, S. mitis group, S. oralis, Streptococcus pneumoniae, and Haemophilus influenzae.
Cross-resistance between gatifloxacin and some other fluoroquinolones reported.
Advice to Patients
Advise patients to avoid contaminating applicator tip with material from the eye, fingers, or other source.
Advise patients not to wear contact lenses during treatment with gatifloxacin ophthalmic solution or if any signs or symptoms of bacterial conjunctivitis are present.
Advise patients to immediately discontinue gatifloxacin ophthalmic solution and contact a clinician at first sign of rash or hypersensitivity reaction.
Importance of informing clinicians of existing or contemplated therapy, including prescription and OTC drugs, as well as other concomitant illnesses.
Importance of women informing clinicians if they are or plan to become pregnant or plan to breast-feed.
Importance of informing patients of other important precautionary information. (See Cautions.)
Excipients in commercially available drug preparations may have clinically important effects in some individuals; consult specific product labeling for details.
Please refer to the ASHP Drug Shortages Resource Center for information on shortages of one or more of these preparations.
* available from one or more manufacturer, distributor, and/or repackager by generic (nonproprietary) name
Gatifloxacin 0.5% Ophthalmic Solution
AHFS DI Essentials™. © Copyright 2023, Selected Revisions May 22, 2017. American Society of Health-System Pharmacists, Inc., 4500 East-West Highway, Suite 900, Bethesda, Maryland 20814.
Reload page with references included
More about gatifloxacin ophthalmic
- Pricing & coupons
- Reviews (8)
- Side effects
- Dosage information
- During pregnancy
- Drug class: ophthalmic anti-infectives
- En español