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Viagra (sildenafil) and Alcohol / Food Interactions

There are 2 alcohol/food/lifestyle interactions with Viagra (sildenafil) which include:

Moderate

Alcohol (Ethanol) ↔ sildenafil

Moderate Drug Interaction

GENERALLY AVOID: Additive hypotensive effects may occur when phosphodiesterase-5 (PDE5) inhibitors are used with alcohol, as both are mild systemic vasodilators. In clinical pharmacology studies, more subjects administered alcohol at a dose of 0.7 g/kg (equivalent to approximately 6 ounces of 80-proof vodka in an 80-kg male; consumed within 10 minutes in study subjects, providing blood alcohol levels of 0.08%) in combination with tadalafil 10 or 20 mg single doses had clinically significant decreases in blood pressure than with alcohol alone. There were reports of postural dizziness, and orthostatic hypotension was observed in some. When tadalafil 20 mg was administered with alcohol at a lower dose of 0.6 g/kg (equivalent to approximately 4 ounces of 80-proof vodka in an 80-kg male), orthostatic hypotension was not observed, dizziness occurred with similar frequency relative to alcohol alone, and the hypotensive effects of alcohol were not potentiated. Neither tadalafil nor alcohol affected the plasma concentrations of the other. Administration of avanafil 200 mg with alcohol at a dose of 0.5 g/kg (equivalent to approximately 3 ounces of 80-proof vodka in a 70-kg male; consumed within 15 minutes in study subjects, providing blood alcohol levels of 0.057%) resulted in additional maximum supine systolic/diastolic blood pressure decreases of 3.5/4.5 mm Hg and additional maximum pulse rate increase of 9.3 bpm compared to alcohol alone, but did not cause orthostatic hypotension or dizziness. The plasma concentrations of alcohol were not affected. Sildenafil 50 mg and vardenafil 20 mg reportedly did not potentiate the hypotensive effect of alcohol in healthy volunteers with mean maximum blood alcohol levels of 0.08% and in healthy volunteers administered alcohol at a dose of 0.5 g/kg, respectively. Alcohol and vardenafil plasma levels were not altered when dosed simultaneously.

MANAGEMENT: Patients taking PDE5 inhibitors should avoid consuming large amounts of alcohol, which may increase the potential for orthostatic signs and symptoms including increase in heart rate, decrease in standing blood pressure, dizziness, and headache.

References

  1. "Product Information. Levitra (vardenafil)." Bayer, West Haven, CT.
  2. "Product Information. Viagra (sildenafil)." Pfizer US Pharmaceuticals, New York, NY.
  3. "Product Information. Cialis (tadalafil)." Lilly, Eli and Company, Indianapolis, IN.
  4. Cerner Multum, Inc. "UK Summary of Product Characteristics." O 0
  5. "Product Information. Stendra (avanafil)." Vivus Inc, Mountain View, CA.
View all 5 references

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Moderate

sildenafil ↔ food

Moderate Food Interaction

GENERALLY AVOID: Coadministration with grapefruit juice may slightly increase the oral bioavailability and delay the onset of action of sildenafil. The proposed mechanism is inhibition of CYP450 3A4-mediated first-pass metabolism in the gut wall by certain compounds present in grapefruits. In a randomized, crossover study with 24 healthy male volunteers, ingestion of 250 mL of grapefruit juice one hour before and concurrently with a 50 mg dose of sildenafil increased the mean area under the plasma concentration-time curve (AUC) of sildenafil and its pharmacologically active N-desmethyl metabolite by 23% and 24%, respectively, compared to water. Peak plasma concentrations (Cmax) were unaltered, but the time to reach sildenafil Cmax was prolonged by 0.25 hour. The observed increase in sildenafil bioavailability is unlikely to be of clinical significance in most individuals. However, pharmacokinetic interactions involving grapefruit juice are often subject to a high degree of interpatient variability and may be significant in the occasional susceptible patient. Indeed, one subject in the study had a 2.6-fold increase in sildenafil concentrations.

MANAGEMENT: It may be advisable to avoid administration of sildenafil with grapefruit juice to prevent potential toxicity and delay in onset of action.

References

  1. Jetter A, Kinzig-Schippers M, Walchner-Bonjean M, et al. "Effects of grapefruit juice on the pharmacokinetics of sildenafil." Clin Pharmacol Ther 71 (2002): 21-29

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Viagra (sildenafil) drug Interactions

There are 478 drug interactions with Viagra (sildenafil)

Viagra (sildenafil) disease Interactions

There are 9 disease interactions with Viagra (sildenafil) which include:

Drug Interaction Classification

The classifications below are a general guideline only. It is difficult to determine the relevance of a particular drug interaction to any individual given the large number of variables.
Major Highly clinically significant. Avoid combinations; the risk of the interaction outweighs the benefit.
Moderate Moderately clinically significant. Usually avoid combinations; use it only under special circumstances.
Minor Minimally clinically significant. Minimize risk; assess risk and consider an alternative drug, take steps to circumvent the interaction risk and/or institute a monitoring plan.
Unknown No information available.

Do not stop taking any medications without consulting your healthcare provider.

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