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Bupivacaine / fentanyl and Alcohol/Food Interactions

There is 1 alcohol/food/lifestyle interaction with bupivacaine / fentanyl:


fentaNYL food

Major Food Interaction

Consumer information for this interaction is not currently available.

GENERALLY AVOID: Alcohol may potentiate the central nervous system (CNS) depressant effects of opioid analgesics including fentanyl. Concomitant use may result in additive CNS depression and impairment of judgment, thinking, and psychomotor skills. In more severe cases, hypotension, respiratory depression, profound sedation, coma, or even death may occur.

GENERALLY AVOID: Consumption of grapefruit juice during treatment with oral transmucosal formulations of fentanyl may result in increased plasma concentrations of fentanyl, which is primarily metabolized by CYP450 3A4 isoenzyme in the liver and intestine. Certain compounds present in grapefruit are known to inhibit CYP450 3A4 and may increase the bioavailability of swallowed fentanyl (reportedly up to 75% of a dose) and/or decrease its systemic clearance. The clinical significance is unknown. In 12 healthy volunteers, consumption of 250 mL regular-strength grapefruit juice the night before and 100 mL double-strength grapefruit juice one hour before administration of oral transmucosal fentanyl citrate (600 or 800 mcg lozenge) did not significantly affect fentanyl pharmacokinetics, overall extent of fentanyl-induced miosis (miosis AUC), or subjective self-assessment of various clinical effects compared to control. However, pharmacokinetic alterations associated with interactions involving grapefruit juice are often subject to a high degree of interpatient variability. The possibility of significant interaction in some patients should be considered.

MANAGEMENT: Patients should not consume alcoholic beverages or use drug products that contain alcohol during treatment with fentanyl. Any history of alcohol or illicit drug use should be considered when prescribing fentanyl, and therapy initiated at a lower dosage if necessary. Patients should be closely monitored for signs and symptoms of sedation, respiratory depression, and hypotension. Due to a high degree of interpatient variability with respect to grapefruit juice interactions, patients treated with fentanyl should preferably avoid the consumption of grapefruit and grapefruit juice. In addition, patients receiving transdermal formulations of fentanyl should be cautioned that drug interactions and drug effects may be observed for a prolonged period beyond removal of the patch, as significant amounts of fentanyl are absorbed from the skin for 17 hours or more after the patch is removed.


  1. Kharasch ED, Whittington D, Hoffer C "Influence of Hepatic and Intestinal Cytochrome P4503A Activity on the Acute Disposition and Effects of Oral Transmucosal Fentanyl Citrate." Anesthesiology 101 (2004): 729-737
  2. "Product Information. Duragesic Transdermal System (fentanyl)." Janssen Pharmaceutica, Titusville, NJ.
  3. Labroo RB, Paine MF, Thummel KE, Kharasch ED "Fentanyl metabolism by human hepatic and intestinal cytochrome P450 3A4: implicaitons for interindividual variability in disposition, efficacy, and drug interactions." Drug Metab Dispos 25 (1997): 1072-80
  4. "Product Information. Actiq (fentanyl)." Abbott Pharmaceutical, Abbott Park, IL.
  5. Tateishi T, Krivoruk Y, Ueng YF, Wood AJ, Guengerich FP, Wood M "Identification of human cytochrome P-450 3A4 as the enzyme responsible for fentanyl and sufentanil N-dealkylation." Anesth Analg 82 (1996): 167-72
View all 5 references

Bupivacaine / fentanyl drug interactions

There are 603 drug interactions with bupivacaine / fentanyl

Bupivacaine / fentanyl disease interactions

There are 21 disease interactions with bupivacaine / fentanyl which include:

Drug Interaction Classification

These classifications are only a guideline. The relevance of a particular drug interaction to a specific individual is difficult to determine. Always consult your healthcare provider before starting or stopping any medication.
Major Highly clinically significant. Avoid combinations; the risk of the interaction outweighs the benefit.
Moderate Moderately clinically significant. Usually avoid combinations; use it only under special circumstances.
Minor Minimally clinically significant. Minimize risk; assess risk and consider an alternative drug, take steps to circumvent the interaction risk and/or institute a monitoring plan.
Unknown No interaction information available.

Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.