Generic name: Albumin Human 12.5g in 250mL
Dosage form: injection
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AlbuRx® 5, Albumin (Human) 5% solution must be administered intravenously. The venipuncture site should not be infected or traumatized, and should be prepared with standard aseptic technique. The solution is compatible with whole blood or packed red cells as well as the usual electrolyte and carbohydrate solutions intended for intravenous use. By contrast, it should not be mixed with protein hydrolysates, amino acid mixtures, or solutions containing alcohol. It is ready for use as contained in the bottle and may be given without regard to the blood group of the recipient.
Upon administration of AlbuRx® 5, Albumin (Human) 5% solution, there is a rapid increase of the plasma volume about equal to the volume infused. The initial dose for adults is 250 or 500 mL. The rate of infusion and the total volume administered are determined by the condition and response of the patient. A rate of 1–2 mL per minute is usually suitable in the absence of overt shock, whereas the capacity of the administration set is the only limit in the exsanguinated patient.
During resuscitation, constant monitoring of the patient provides the guidelines for treatment.
For children, a dose of 10 to 15 mL per pound body weight is usually adequate and close surveillance of the young patient is essential. Since patients – notably those with sepsis or severe multiple injuries – often need a circulating blood volume exceeding the prediction derived from their body weight, treatment should always be guided by the hemodynamic response and not by blood volume calculations or measurements.5
Parenteral drug products should be inspected visually for particulate matter and discoloration prior to administration, whenever solution and container permit.
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- Drug class: plasma expanders