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Abacavir Disease Interactions

There are 2 disease interactions with abacavir:

Major

NRTIs (Includes abacavir) ↔ hepatotoxicity

Severe Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility. Applies to: Alcoholism, Liver Disease

Hepatotoxicity including lactic acidosis, severe hepatomegaly with steatosis, fulminant hepatitis, and hepatic failure has rarely been associated with the use of nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs) alone or in combination with other antiretroviral agents. Therapy with NRTIs should be administered cautiously in patients with preexisting liver disease, a history of alcohol abuse, or hepatitis. Therapy should be suspended if clinical or laboratory findings suggestive of lactic acidosis or pronouced hepatotoxicity occur.

References

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  4. "Product Information. Retrovir (zidovudine)." Glaxo Wellcome, Research Triangle Park, NC.
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  6. Chen SC, Barker SM, Mitchell DH, et al "Concurrent zidovudine-induced myopathy and hepatoxicity in patients treated for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection." Pathology 24 (1992): 109-11
  7. Shriner K, Goetz MB "Severe hepatoxicity in a patient receiving both acetaminophen and zidovudine." Am J Med 93 (1992): 94-6
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  9. Pike IM, Nicaise C "The didanosine Expanded Access Program: safety analysis." Clin Infect Dis 16 (1993): S63-8
  10. Gradon JD, Chapnick EK, Sepkowitz DV "Zidovudine-induced hepatitis." J Intern Med 231 (1992): 317-8
  11. Boubaker K, Flepp M, Sudre P, et al. "Hyperlactatemia and Antiretroviral Therapy: The Swiss HIV Cohort Study." Clin Infect Dis 33 (2001): 1931-7
  12. Pai VB, Koranyi K, Nahata MC "Acute hepatitis and bleeding possibly induced by zidovudine and ritonavir in an infant with HIV infection." Pharmacotherapy 20 (2000): 1135-40
  13. Miller KD, Cameron M, Wood LV, Dalakas MC, Kovacs JA "Lactic acidosis and hepatic steatosis associated with use of stavudine: report of four cases." Ann Intern Med 133 (2000): 192-6
  14. Dubin G, Braffman MN "Zidovudine-induced hepatotoxicity." Ann Intern Med 110 (1989): 85-6
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  17. Coghlan ME, Sommadossi JP, Jhala NC, Many WJ, Saag MS, Johnson VA "Symptomatic lactic acidosis in hospitalized antiretroviral-treated patients with human immunodeficiency virus infection: a report of 12 cases." Clin Infect Dis 33 (2001): 1914-21
  18. Kronenberg A, Riehle HM, Gunthard HF "Liver failure after long-term nucleoside antiretroviral therapy." Lancet 358 (2001): 759-601
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View all 22 references
Moderate

Abacavir (Includes abacavir) ↔ cardiovascular disease

Moderate Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility. Applies to: History - Myocardial Infarction, Hypertension, Hyperlipidemia, Diabetes Mellitus

Some clinical trials have reported increased risk of myocardial infarction in patients treated with abacavir. Although some of the findings are inconclusive, as a precaution, the underlying risk of coronary heart disease should be assessed before therapy, and action should be taken to minimize all modifiable risk factors such as hypertension, hyperlipidemia, diabetes mellitus, smoking, etc.

Abacavir drug interactions

There are 45 drug interactions with abacavir

Abacavir alcohol/food interactions

There are 3 alcohol/food interactions with abacavir

Drug Interaction Classification

The classifications below are a general guideline only. It is difficult to determine the relevance of a particular drug interaction to any individual given the large number of variables.
Major Highly clinically significant. Avoid combinations; the risk of the interaction outweighs the benefit.
Moderate Moderately clinically significant. Usually avoid combinations; use it only under special circumstances.
Minor Minimally clinically significant. Minimize risk; assess risk and consider an alternative drug, take steps to circumvent the interaction risk and/or institute a monitoring plan.
Unknown No information available.

Do not stop taking any medications without consulting your healthcare provider.

Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.

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