Medications for Anxiety
Other names: Anxiety States; Nerves; Nervousness
Anxiety is an emotion characterized by feelings of tension, worried thoughts, and accompanied by physical symptoms such as sweating, trembling, voice changes, or increased blood pressure. It may also be called nervousness.
Occasional anxiety concerning a stressful or uncomfortable event is normal. However, if a person feels disproportionate levels of anxiety or it is present almost continuously, it might be diagnosed as an anxiety disorder.
What Causes Anxiety?
Anxiety is part of our survival response and is the way our body responds to potentially harmful or worrying triggers.
Strong emotions or fear cause a surge of epinephrine (also called adrenaline) from our adrenal glands. This increases our heartbeat, increases our sensitivity to our surroundings, and prepares us for physical confrontation or to flee if we perceive any threats to our safety. This is often called the fight or flight response.
Anxieties today mostly revolve around family, friends, health, money, or work. People more at risk of anxiety disorders include those:
- With relationship problems
- Whose jobs involve long hours, high workloads, little support, or danger
- With family members with anxiety disorders
- With medical conditions that result in significant lifestyle adjustments, pain, or restricted movement
- Who have experienced stressful or traumatic events
- Withdrawing from alcohol, opioids, or other substances.
What are the Symptoms of an Anxiety Disorder?
Symptoms of an anxiety disorder are usually out of proportion to the original trigger or stressor.
If these are accompanied by significant physical symptoms such as increased sweating or increased blood pressure then a person is more likely to have an anxiety disorder rather than stimulus-appropriate anxiety.
Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) is a chronic, ongoing condition with excessive worry over normal life events, whether minor or major. These feelings are usually out of proportion to the trouble that you may encounter in your everyday life.
With GAD, feelings come on gradually and are present each day, not in one individual attack, and last for months, even years. Worry may be so excessive that it interferes with your daily life. GAD may also be accompanied by depression and substance abuse disorders.
Symptoms of GAD include:
- Excessive and uncontrollable worry
- Increased irritability
- Difficulty concentrating
- Restlessness or a feeling of being on edge
- Rapid breathing
- Excessive perspiration and sweating
- Trembling, quivering
- Trouble concentrating
- Headaches, stomach upset
- Avoidance of circumstances that might trigger severe anxiety
- Sleep difficulties.
Other anxiety disorders include panic disorder, phobias, selective mutism, social anxiety disorder, and separation anxiety disorder.
How is Anxiety or an Anxiety Disorder Treated?
Treatment depends on the severity and type of anxiety disorder and if it is interfering with everyday life.
Treatments may include:
- Stress management
- Relaxation techniques
- Mental imagery (replacing negative thoughts with positive ones)
- Cognitive Behavioral therapy
Drugs used to treat Anxiety
The following list of medications are in some way related to or used in the treatment of this condition.
|Drug name||Rating||Reviews||Activity ?||Rx/OTC||Pregnancy||CSA||Alcohol|
|nefazodone Off-label||9.3||38 reviews||Rx|
Generic name: nefazodone systemic
Drug class: phenylpiperazine antidepressants
|Tranxene T-Tab||10||2 reviews||Rx|
Generic name: clorazepate systemic
Drug class: benzodiazepines
For professionals: Prescribing Information
Generic name: trifluoperazine systemic
Drug class: phenothiazine antipsychotics
For professionals: AHFS DI Monograph
|vilazodone Off-label||6.1||65 reviews||Rx|
Generic name: vilazodone systemic
Drug class: miscellaneous antidepressants
Frequently asked questions
Topics under Anxiety
Alternative treatments for Anxiety
The following products are considered to be alternative treatments or natural remedies for Anxiety. Their efficacy may not have been scientifically tested to the same degree as the drugs listed in the table above. However there may be historical, cultural or anecdotal evidence linking their use to the treatment of Anxiety.
Learn more about Anxiety
- Anxiety and Panic Attacks: Symptoms and Treatment
- Anxiety Medications and Alcohol Interactions
- Benzodiazepines: Overview and Use
- Mental Health Disorders
Symptoms and treatments
Medicine.com guides (external)
|Rating||For ratings, users were asked how effective they found the medicine while considering positive/adverse effects and ease of use (1 = not effective, 10 = most effective).|
|Activity||Activity is based on recent site visitor activity relative to other medications in the list.|
|Rx/OTC||Prescription or Over-the-counter.|
|Off-label||This medication may not be approved by the FDA for the treatment of this condition.|
|EUA||An Emergency Use Authorization (EUA) allows the FDA to authorize unapproved medical products or unapproved uses of approved medical products to be used in a declared public health emergency when there are no adequate, approved, and available alternatives.|
|A||Adequate and well-controlled studies have failed to demonstrate a risk to the fetus in the first trimester of pregnancy (and there is no evidence of risk in later trimesters).|
|B||Animal reproduction studies have failed to demonstrate a risk to the fetus and there are no adequate and well-controlled studies in pregnant women.|
|C||Animal reproduction studies have shown an adverse effect on the fetus and there are no adequate and well-controlled studies in humans, but potential benefits may warrant use in pregnant women despite potential risks.|
|D||There is positive evidence of human fetal risk based on adverse reaction data from investigational or marketing experience or studies in humans, but potential benefits may warrant use in pregnant women despite potential risks.|
|X||Studies in animals or humans have demonstrated fetal abnormalities and/or there is positive evidence of human fetal risk based on adverse reaction data from investigational or marketing experience, and the risks involved in use in pregnant women clearly outweigh potential benefits.|
|N||FDA has not classified the drug.|
|Controlled Substances Act (CSA) Schedule|
|M||The drug has multiple schedules. The schedule may depend on the exact dosage form or strength of the medication.|
|U||CSA Schedule is unknown.|
|N||Is not subject to the Controlled Substances Act.|
|1||Has a high potential for abuse. Has no currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States. There is a lack of accepted safety for use under medical supervision.|
|2||Has a high potential for abuse. Has a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States or a currently accepted medical use with severe restrictions. Abuse may lead to severe psychological or physical dependence.|
|3||Has a potential for abuse less than those in schedules 1 and 2. Has a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States. Abuse may lead to moderate or low physical dependence or high psychological dependence.|
|4||Has a low potential for abuse relative to those in schedule 3. It has a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States. Abuse may lead to limited physical dependence or psychological dependence relative to those in schedule 3.|
|5||Has a low potential for abuse relative to those in schedule 4. Has a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States. Abuse may lead to limited physical dependence or psychological dependence relative to those in schedule 4.|
|X||Interacts with Alcohol.|
Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.