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Type 2 Diabetes Management for Adults

Medically reviewed by Last updated on Apr 2, 2024.

What do I need to know about type 2 diabetes management?

Type 2 diabetes is a disease that affects how your body uses glucose (sugar). Either your body cannot make enough insulin, or it cannot use the insulin correctly. It is important to keep diabetes controlled to prevent damage to your heart, blood vessels, and other organs. Management will help you feel well and enjoy your daily activities. Your diabetes care team providers can help you make a plan to fit diabetes care into your schedule. Your plan can change over time to fit your needs and your family's needs.


What do I need to know about high blood sugar levels?

High blood sugar levels may not cause any symptoms. You may feel more thirsty or urinate more often than usual. Over time, high blood sugar levels can damage your nerves, blood vessels, tissues, and organs. The following can increase your blood sugar levels:

What do I need to know about low blood sugar levels?

Symptoms include feeling shaky, dizzy, irritable, or confused. You can prevent symptoms by keeping your blood sugar levels from going too low.

What can I do to manage my blood sugar levels?

What else can I do to manage type 2 diabetes?

Have someone call your local emergency number (911 in the US) if:

When should I call my doctor or diabetes care team provider?

Care Agreement

You have the right to help plan your care. Learn about your health condition and how it may be treated. Discuss treatment options with your healthcare providers to decide what care you want to receive. You always have the right to refuse treatment. The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

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Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.