Skip to main content

Thyroid Fine-Needle Aspiration Biopsy


Thyroid fine-needle aspiration biopsy is a procedure to remove tissue and fluid from a nodule (lump) in the thyroid gland. This test helps your healthcare provider diagnose thyroid cancer or identify thyroid nodules that are not cancer. Your healthcare provider uses the results to decide whether you need additional treatment.

Thyroid and Parathyroid Glands



  • Place a cold compress or ice bag on your neck to ease swelling and discomfort. Ask your healthcare provider how long and how often to do this. Any swelling and bruising should go away after several days.
  • Ask your healthcare provider when you can return to your normal activities.

Follow up with your endocrinologist as directed:

Write down your questions so you remember to ask them during your visits. Keep all appointments for other tests or procedures ordered for you.

Contact your healthcare provider or endocrinologist if:

  • You have discomfort or pain at the site of the biopsy.
  • You have a bruise or a purple, swollen lump at the site of the biopsy.
  • You have questions or concerns about your condition or care.

Seek care immediately or call 911 if:

  • You have sudden trouble breathing or shortness of breath.
  • You have more pain, swelling, and bruising in your neck along with a fast heart rate and pain when you speak or swallow.
  • You have sudden swelling at the biopsy site. If this happens, apply pressure and seek care immediately.
  • You have sudden, severe arm pain with weakness, numbness, or tingling in your arm or fingers.
  • You have a pulsing lump in your neck.

© Copyright IBM Corporation 2018 Information is for End User's use only and may not be sold, redistributed or otherwise used for commercial purposes. All illustrations and images included in CareNotes® are the copyrighted property of A.D.A.M., Inc. or IBM Watson Health

The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.