Skip to main content


Medically reviewed by Last updated on Feb 4, 2024.

What is rubella?

Rubella, or German measles, is a disease caused by a virus. The virus is spread when an infected person coughs or sneezes. It travels through droplets from the infected person's airway. Anyone who breathes in the droplets can become infected. The virus can also infect a person who touches an object the droplets landed on.

What are the signs and symptoms of rubella?

How is rubella diagnosed?

Your healthcare provider may be able to diagnose rubella based on your symptoms and a physical exam. You may need a blood test to confirm the infection.

How is rubella treated?

NSAIDs, such as ibuprofen, help decrease swelling, pain, and fever. This medicine is available without a doctor's order. NSAIDs can cause stomach bleeding or kidney problems in certain people. If you take blood thinner medicine, always ask if NSAIDs are safe for you. Always read the medicine label and follow directions. Do not give these medicines to children under 6 months of age without direction from your child's healthcare provider.

Treatment options

The following list of medications are in some way related to or used in the treatment of this condition.

What can I do to manage my symptoms?

What can I do to prevent rubella?

Call your local emergency number (911 in the US) if:

When should I seek immediate care?

When should I call my doctor?

Care Agreement

You have the right to help plan your care. Learn about your health condition and how it may be treated. Discuss treatment options with your healthcare providers to decide what care you want to receive. You always have the right to refuse treatment. The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

© Copyright Merative 2023 Information is for End User's use only and may not be sold, redistributed or otherwise used for commercial purposes.

Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.