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Vaccines aren’t just for kids. Is your teen protected?




, or German measles, is an infection caused by a virus. Rubella is spread when an infected person coughs or sneezes.

Common signs and symptoms:

  • Fever, runny nose, or sore throat
  • Headache or muscle aches
  • Red, inflamed eyes
  • Swollen, tender glands at the back of the neck and ears
  • Rash that starts on the face and spreads down the body toward the toes
  • Joint aches and pain

Call 911 for any of the following:

  • You have a seizure.

Seek care immediately if:

  • You have trouble breathing.
  • You are confused.
  • You have a severe headache.

Contact your healthcare provider if:

  • Your rash starts to itch.
  • You have joint pain and swelling, even after treatment.
  • Your testicles are inflamed (males).
  • You are pregnant and think you might have rubella (females).
  • You have questions or concerns about your condition or care.


NSAIDs, such as ibuprofen, help decrease swelling, pain, and fever. This medicine is available without a doctor's order. NSAIDs can cause stomach bleeding or kidney problems in certain people. If you take blood thinner medicine, always ask if NSAIDs are safe for you. Always read the medicine label and follow directions. Do not give these medicines to children under 6 months of age without direction from your child's healthcare provider.

Manage rubella:

  • Get more rest. Rest as much as possible until you feel better.
  • Drink extra liquids. This will help prevent dehydration. Ask how much liquid you should drink each day. Healthy liquids include water, juice, and milk. Limit the amount of caffeine you drink.
  • Eat a variety of healthy foods. Healthy foods include fruits, vegetables, whole-grain breads, low-fat dairy products, beans, lean meats, and fish. This will help you feel better and give you more energy.

Prevent the spread of rubella:

Stay away from others, especially anyone who is pregnant. Do not return to work until your healthcare provider says it is okay. Ask your child's healthcare provider when he can return to school or daycare. Get vaccines as directed. Vaccines help protect you and others around you from infection.

Follow up with your healthcare provider as directed:

Write down your questions so you remember to ask them during your visits.

© 2016 Truven Health Analytics Inc. Information is for End User's use only and may not be sold, redistributed or otherwise used for commercial purposes. All illustrations and images included in CareNotes® are the copyrighted property of A.D.A.M., Inc. or Truven Health Analytics.

The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.