Skip to Content

Hpv (human Papillomavirus) Vaccine For Children


Why does my child need the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine?

The HPV vaccine is an injection given to females and males to protect against human papillomavirus infection. The HPV vaccine is the most effective way to prevent most cancers caused by HPV infection. HPV infection can cause cervical and vaginal cancers in women and penile cancer in men. It can also cause throat cancer and genital warts. The HPV vaccine is most effective if it is given before sexual activity begins. This allows your child's body to build almost complete protection against HPV before your child has contact with the virus. The HPV vaccine will be effective until your child reaches the age of 26.

When should my child get the HPV vaccine?

The first dose may be given as early as 9 years of age. The HPV vaccine can be given with other vaccinations. If your child is sick, wait until symptoms go away before she or he gets the vaccine.

Immunization Schedule

What is the HPV vaccine schedule?

  • The vaccine is given in 2 doses to healthy children 9 through 12 years of age.
    • The first dose is given at any time.
    • The second dose is given 6 to 12 months after the first dose.
  • The vaccine is given in 3 doses to children 9 through 12 years of age who have a weak immune system:
    • The first dose is given at any time.
    • The second dose is given 1 to 2 months after the first dose.
    • The third dose is given 6 months after the first dose.

What are the risks of the HPV vaccine?

Your child may have pain, redness, or swelling where the shot was given. She or he may have a fever or headache. She or he may also have an allergic reaction to the vaccine. This can be life-threatening.

Call 911 for the following:

  • Your child has signs of a severe allergic reaction, such as trouble breathing, hives, or wheezing.

When should I seek immediate care?

  • Your child has a high fever or behavior changes that concern you.

When should I contact my child's healthcare provider?

  • You have questions or concerns about the HPV vaccine.

Care Agreement

You have the right to help plan your child's care. Learn about your child's health condition and how it may be treated. Discuss treatment options with your child's caregivers to decide what care you want for your child. The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.