Skip to Content

Hpv (human Papillomavirus) Vaccine For Children


The human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine

is the most effective way to prevent most cancers caused by HPV infection. HPV infection can cause cervical and vaginal cancers in women and penile cancer in men. It can also cause throat cancer and genital warts. The HPV vaccine is most effective if it is given before sexual activity begins. This allows your child's body to build almost complete protection against HPV before your child has contact with the virus. The HPV vaccine will be effective until your child reaches the age of 26.

When your child should get the vaccine:

The first dose may be given as early as 9 years of age. The HPV vaccine can be given with other vaccinations. If your child is sick, wait until symptoms go away. The vaccine is given in 3 doses:

  • The first dose is given at any time. It is most effective at 11 or 12 years old.
  • The second dose is given 1 to 2 months after the first dose.
  • The third dose is given 6 months after the first dose.

Call 911 for the following:

  • Your child has signs of a severe allergic reaction, such as trouble breathing, hives, or wheezing.

Seek care immediately for your child if:

  • Your child has a high fever or behavior changes that concern you.

Contact your child's healthcare provider if:

  • You have questions or concerns about the HPV vaccine.

Apply a warm compress

to the area to relieve swelling and pain.

Risks of the HPV vaccine:

Your child may have pain, redness, or swelling where the shot was given. Your child may have a fever or headache. Your child may have an allergic reaction to the vaccine. This can be life-threatening.

Follow up with your child's healthcare provider as directed:

Write down your questions so you remember to ask them during your child's visits.

© 2016 Truven Health Analytics Inc. Information is for End User's use only and may not be sold, redistributed or otherwise used for commercial purposes. All illustrations and images included in CareNotes® are the copyrighted property of A.D.A.M., Inc. or Truven Health Analytics.

The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.