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Hpv (human Papillomavirus)
WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW:
What is HPV?
HPV is the most common infection spread by sexual contact. It can also be spread from a mother to her baby during delivery. HPV may cause oral and genital warts or tumors in your nose, mouth, throat, and lungs. HPV may also cause vaginal, penile, and anal cancers. You may not show symptoms of any of these conditions for several years after being exposed to HPV.
What are the symptoms of HPV?
- Painless warts
- Genital or anal discharge, bleeding, itching, or pain
- Pain when you urinate
How is HPV diagnosed and treated?
Your healthcare provider may use a vinegar liquid to help diagnose HPV genital warts. He may take tissue samples to test for HPV infection. There is no cure for HPV. There is treatment for the conditions that are caused by HPV. Ask your healthcare provider for more information about the conditions and treatments.
How can HPV be prevented?
Vaccinations can help stop the spread of HPV. The vaccine is most effective if given before sexual activity begins. This allows your body to build almost complete protection against HPV before having contact with the virus. The HPV vaccine is still effective up to the age of 26 if it is given after sexual activity has already begun.
Who should get the HPV vaccine?
The first dose of the vaccine may be given as early as 9 years of age. Do not get a second dose if you had a severe allergic reaction to the first dose. Do not get the vaccine if you are pregnant. If you are sick, you should wait to get the vaccine until symptoms go away.
- All females and males 11 to 12 years of age
- Females 13 through 26 years of age, and males 13 through 21 years of age, who have not been vaccinated
- Men up to 26 years of age who have sex with other men, and have not been vaccinated
- Anyone with weak immune systems, including infection with HIV, up to 26 years of age
How is the vaccine given?
The HPV vaccine can be given with other vaccinations. The vaccine is given in 3 doses:
- The first dose is given at any time. It is most effective at 11 or 12 years old.
- The second dose is given 1 to 2 months after the first dose.
- The third dose is given 6 months after the first dose.
When should I contact my healthcare provider?
- You have warts in your genital or anal area.
- You have genital or anal discharge, bleeding, itching, or pain.
- You have pain when you urinate.
- You have questions or concerns about your condition or care.
Care AgreementYou have the right to help plan your care. Learn about your health condition and how it may be treated. Discuss treatment options with your caregivers to decide what care you want to receive. You always have the right to refuse treatment. The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.
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The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.