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Dry Eye Syndrome

Medically reviewed by Last updated on Feb 4, 2024.

What do I need to know about dry eye syndrome?

Dry eye syndrome happens when the eye has trouble keeping moisture. Dry eye syndrome may also be called dry eye disease or keratoconjunctivitis sicca (KCS).

Eye Anatomy

What causes dry eye syndrome?

What increases my risk for dry eye syndrome?

What are the signs and symptoms of dry eye syndrome?

How is dry eye syndrome diagnosed?

Tell your healthcare provider about your symptoms and any medicines that you take. Your provider will use a microscope to examine your eyes for swelling or injury. Your provider will also look for problems with the glands that make tears. Your provider may measure the amount of moisture in your eyes with a tiny test strip.

How is dry eye syndrome treated?

Your provider may change the type of contact lenses that you wear. You may need to stop wearing your contact lenses. Your provider may stop or change medicine that is causing your dry eyes. You may also need any of the following:

Treatment options

The following list of medications are in some way related to or used in the treatment of this condition.

What can I do to manage or prevent dry eye syndrome?

When should I call my doctor?

Care Agreement

You have the right to help plan your care. Learn about your health condition and how it may be treated. Discuss treatment options with your healthcare providers to decide what care you want to receive. You always have the right to refuse treatment. The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

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Learn more about Dry Eye Syndrome

Treatment options

Symptoms and treatments guides (external)

Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.