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WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW:
Arthritis is a disease that causes inflammation in one or more joints. There are many types of arthritis, such as osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, and septic arthritis. Some types cause inflammation in the joints. Other types wear away the cartilage between joints. This makes the bones of the joint rub together when you move the joint. Your symptoms may be constant, or symptoms may come and go. Arthritis often gets worse over time and can cause permanent joint damage.
Return to the emergency department if:
- You have a fever and severe joint pain or swelling.
- You cannot move the affected joint.
- You have severe joint pain you cannot tolerate.
Contact your healthcare provider if:
- Your pain or swelling does not get better with treatment.
- You have questions or concerns about your condition or care.
- Acetaminophen decreases pain and fever. It is available without a doctor's order. Ask how much to take and how often to take it. Follow directions. Acetaminophen can cause liver damage if not taken correctly.
- NSAIDs , such as ibuprofen, help decrease swelling, pain, and fever. This medicine is available with or without a doctor's order. NSAIDs can cause stomach bleeding or kidney problems in certain people. If you take blood thinner medicine, always ask your healthcare provider if NSAIDs are safe for you. Always read the medicine label and follow directions.
- Steroids reduce swelling and pain.
- Prescription pain medicine may be given. Do not wait until the pain is severe before you take your medicine. Ask your healthcare provider how to take this medicine safely.
- Take your medicine as directed. Call your healthcare provider if you think your medicine is not helping or if you have side effects. Tell him if you are allergic to any medicine. Keep a list of the medicines, vitamins, and herbs you take. Include the amounts, and when and why you take them. Bring the list or the pill bottles to follow-up visits. Carry your medicine list with you in case of an emergency.
Follow up with your healthcare provider or rheumatologist as directed:
Write down your questions so you remember to ask them during your visits.
- Rest your painful joint so it can heal. Your healthcare provider may recommend crutches or a walker if the affected joint is in a leg.
- Apply ice or heat to the joint. Both can help decrease swelling and pain. Ice may also help prevent tissue damage. Use an ice pack, or put crushed ice in a plastic bag. Cover it with a towel and place it on your joint for 15 to 20 minutes every hour or as directed. You can apply heat for 20 minutes every 2 hours. Heat treatment includes hot packs or heat lamps.
- Elevate your joint. Elevation helps reduce swelling and pain. Raise your joint above the level of your heart as often as you can. Prop your painful joint on pillows to keep it above your heart comfortably.
- Go to therapy as directed. A physical therapist can teach you exercises to improve flexibility and range of motion. You may also be shown non-weight-bearing exercises that are safe for your joints, such as swimming. Exercise can help keep your joints flexible and reduce pain. An occupational therapist can help you learn to do your daily activities when your joints are stiff or sore.
- Maintain a healthy weight. Extra weight puts increased pressure on your joints. Ask your healthcare provider what you should weigh. If you need to lose weight, he can help you create a weight loss program. Weight loss can help reduce pain and increase your ability to do your activities. The amount of exercise you do may vary each day, depending on your symptoms.
- Wear flat or low-heeled shoes. This will help decrease pain and reduce pressure on your ankle, knee, and hip joints.
- Use support devices. You may be given splints to wear on your hands to help your joints rest and to decrease inflammation. While you sleep, use a pillow that is firm enough to support your neck and head.
The following may help you move and prevent falls:
- Orthotic shoes or insoles help support your feet when you walk.
- Crutches, a cane, or a walker may help decrease your risk for falling. They also decrease stress on affected joints.
- Devices to prevent falls include raised toilet seats and bathtub bars to help you get up from sitting. Handrails can be placed in areas where you need balance and support.
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The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.