Penicillin G Benzathine / Penicillin G ProcainePronunciation
Pronunciation: pen-i-SIL-in G BENZ-ah-theen/pen-i-SIL-in G PRO-cane
Class: Natural penicillin
- Injection 600,000 units/dose (300,000 units each penicillin G benzathine and penicillin G procaine)
- Injection 1,200,000 units/dose (600,000 units each penicillin G benzathine and penicillin G procaine)
Bicillin C-R 900/300
- Injection 1,200,000 units/dose (900,000 units penicillin G benzathine and 300,000 units penicillin G procaine)
Inhibits mucopeptide synthesis of bacterial cell wall.
Following IM administration, peak blood levels occur within 3 h.
Protein binding is approximately 60%. Distribution varies widely throughout the body tissues with highest levels achieved in kidneys, liver, skin, and intestines.
Excreted rapidly by tubular excretion.
Special PopulationsRenal Function Impairment
Excretion of the drug is considerably delayed in neonates, children, and individuals with renal function impairment.
Indications and Usage
Treatment of moderately severe infections caused by penicillin G-susceptible microorganisms that are susceptible to serum levels common to this particular dosage form; moderately severe to severe infections of the upper respiratory tract, scarlet fever, erysipelas, and skin and soft tissue infections caused by susceptible streptococci; moderately severe pneumonia and otitis media caused by susceptible organisms. Severe pneumonia, empyema, bacteremia, pericarditis, meningitis, peritonitis, and arthritis of pneumococcal etiology are better treated with penicillin G sodium or potassium during the acute stage. When high, sustained serum levels are required, use penicillin G sodium or potassium IM or IV. This drug should not be used in the treatment of venereal diseases, including bejel, gonorrhea, pinta, syphilis, and yaws.
Hypersensitivity to any penicillin or to procaine.
Dosage and AdministrationStreptococcal Infections Group A (upper respiratory tract, skin and soft tissue infections, scarlet fever, and erysipelas)
Adults and Children more than 60 lbs
IM 2,400,000 units.Children 30 to 60 lbs
IM 900,000 to 1,200,000 units.Children less than 30 lbs
IM 600,000 units.Pneumococcal Infections (except pneumococcal meningitis)
IM 1,200,000 units repeated every 2 or 3 days until temperature is normal for 48 h.Children
IM 600,000 units repeated every 2 or 3 days until temperature is normal for 48 h.
- For deep IM administration only. Do not administer intradermally, subcutaneous, or IV.
- Do not inject into or near an artery or nerve.
- To avoid intravascular administration, aspirate injection site.
- Multiple concentrations are available. Ensure that the proper concentration is being used.
- Inject prescribed dose into the upper-outer quadrant of the buttock in adults, or midlateral aspect of thigh in neonates, infants, or small children.
- Administer injection at a slow, steady rate to prevent blocking the needle.
- Multiple IM sites may be used to administer total dose in 1 session. An alternate regimen involves administering ½ the dose on day 1 and ½ the dose on day 3.
- Discontinue the injection if patient complains of, or gives any indication of, severe immediate pain at the injection site.
- Do not admix with IV solutions.
Store in refrigerator (36° to 46°F). Protect from freezing.
Increases and prolongs serum penicillin levels.Tetracycline
May antagonize the bactericidal effect of penicillin.
Cardiac arrest; cerebrovascular accident; hypotension; palpitations; pulmonary embolism; pulmonary hypertension; syncope; tachycardia; vasodilation; vasovagal reaction.
Anxiety; asthenia; coma; confusion; dizziness; euphoria; fatigue; headache; nervousness; neuropathy; seizures; somnolence; transverse myelitis; tremors; a CNS syndrome (with symptoms of severe agitation, convulsion, visual and auditory hallucinations and fear of impending death, psychosis, seizures, dizziness, tinnitus, cyanosis, palpitations, tachycardia, and abnormal taste perception).
Blindness; blurred vision.
Blood in stool; intestinal necrosis; nausea; pseudomembranous colitis; vomiting.
Hematuria; impotence; nephropathy; neurogenic bladder; priapism; proteinuria; renal failure.
Hemolytic anemia; leukopenia; lymphadenopathy; thrombocytopenia.
Elevated BUN, creatinine, and AST.
Apnea; dyspnea; hypoxia.
Allergic hypersensitivity (including skin eruptions [maculopapular to exfoliative dermatitis], urticaria, laryngeal edema, fever, eosinophilia); anaphylaxis (including shock and death); exacerbation of arthritis; injection-site reactions (including pain, inflammation, lump, abscess, necrosis, edema, hemorrhage, cellulitis, hypersensitivity, atrophy, ecchymosis, skin ulcer); joint disorder; myoglobinuria; neurovascular reactions (including warmth, vasospasm, pallor, mottling, gangrene, numbness and cyanosis of the extremities, neurovascular damage); periostitis; rhabdomyolysis; serum sickness-like reactions (including chills, fever, edema, arthralgia, prostration).
Not for IV use. Do not inject IV or add to other IV solutions. Inadvertent IV administration may result in cardiorespiratory arrest and death.
Take cultures at completion of therapy to determine whether streptococci have been eradicated.
Category B .
Excreted in breast milk.
Serious and sometimes fatal hypersensitivity reactions have occurred.
Prolonged use of antibiotics may result in bacterial or fungal overgrowth of nonsusceptible microorganisms.
Quadriceps femoris fibrosis and atrophy can occur following repeated IM injections of penicillin into the anterolateral thigh.
May occur because of overgrowth of clostridia; consider the possibility in patients in whom diarrhea develops.
Neuromuscular hyperirritability, convulsive seizures.
- Explain to patient or caregiver that medication will be prepared and administered by a health care provider in a health care setting.
- Review dosing schedule and prescribed length of therapy with patient. Advise patient that dose and duration of therapy are dependent on site, cause of infection, and response to therapy.
- Instruct patient to report the following to health care provider: diarrhea; difficulty breathing; hives; injection site reaction; itching; loose, foul-smelling stools; rash.
Copyright © 2009 Wolters Kluwer Health.
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