- Tablets, oral 1 mg
- Tablets, oral 2 mg
- Tablets, oral 4 mg
- Tablets, oral 6 mg
- Tablets, oral 8 mg
- Tablets, oral 10 mg
- Tablets, oral 12 mg
- Titration Pack contains two 1 mg, two 2 mg, two 4 mg, and two 6 mg oral tablets (total of 8 tablets)
Exact mechanism of antipsychotic action is unknown. It is proposed that efficacy is caused by dopamine type 2 and serotonin type 2 antagonisms.
Relative bioavailability is 96% compared with oral solution. T max is 2 to 4 h. Steady state is attained within 3 to 4 days. Administration with a high-fat meal delayed T max by 1 h.
Vd is 1,340 to 2,800 L. Protein binding is approximately 95%.
Primarily metabolized in the liver by carbonyl reduction, CYP2D6, and CYP3A4 to metabolites P95 and P88.
Elimination mainly through hepatic metabolism by CYP2D6 and CYP3A4. Mean elimination half-lives for iloperidone, P88, and P95 in CYP2D6 extensive metabolizers are 18, 26, and 23 h, respectively, and in poor metabolizers are 33, 37, and 31 h, respectively.
Special PopulationsRenal Function Impairment
Unlikely to have impact on the pharmacokinetics.Hepatic Function Impairment
Pharmacokinetic studies have not been conducted.Elderly
No dosage adjustment recommended.Gender
No dosage adjustment recommended.Race
No dosage adjustment recommended.Smoking
No effect on pharmacokinetics.
Indications and Usage
Treatment of adults with schizophrenia.
Hypersensitivity to iloperidone or any component of the product.
Dosage and AdministrationSchizophrenia
PO Starting dosage is 1 mg twice daily. Increases to reach target dosage range of 6 to 12 mg twice daily may be made with adjustments to 2 mg twice daily, 4 mg twice daily, 6 mg twice daily, 8 mg twice daily, 10 mg twice daily, and 12 mg twice daily on days 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, and 7, respectively. Max is 12 mg twice daily (24 mg/day).Dosage adjustments CYP2D6 and CYP3A4 inhibitors
Reduce dose by 50% when administered with CYP2D6 (eg, fluoxetine, paroxetine) and CYP3A4 inhibitors (eg, clarithromycin, ketoconazole). When inhibitor is withdrawn, dose may be increased.CYP2D6 poor metabolizers
Reduce dose by 50% for poor metabolizers of CYP2D6.
- Administer without regard to meals.
- Must be titrated slowly from a low starting dose to avoid orthostatic hypotension.
- It is recommended that the initiation titration schedule be followed whenever patients are off iloperidone for more than 3 days.
Store between 59° and 86°F. Protect from light and moisture.
Abiraterone plasma concentrations may be elevated, increasing the pharmacologic effects and risk of adverse reactions. Avoid coadministration.Alcohol, CNS depressants
May cause additive CNS depressant effects. Use with caution. Avoid concurrent use of alcohol.Antihypertensives
May enhance hypotensive effects of some antihypertensives. Monitor orthostatic vital signs.CYP2D6 inhibitors (eg, fluoxetine, paroxetine)
May increase iloperidone plasma concentrations. During coadministration, reduce iloperidone dose by 50%. When the CYP2D6 inhibitor is discontinued, increase the dose of iloperidone to the previous level.CYP3A4 inhibitors (eg, clarithromycin, ketoconazole)
May increase iloperidone plasma concentrations. During coadministration, reduce iloperidone dose by 50%. When the CYP2D6 inhibitor is discontinued, increase the dose of iloperidone to the previous level.Dextromethorphan
Coadministration may increase the C max and AUC of dextromethorphan. The interaction is not likely to be clinically important.Metoclopramide
Coadministration may increase the risk of extrapyramidal reactions. Coadministration is contraindicated.QT interval–prolonging drugs (eg, antiarrhythmic agents [eg, amiodarone, bretylium, disopyramide, dofetilide, procainamide, propafenone, quinidine, sotalol], arsenic trioxide, chlorpromazine, cisapride, dasatinib, dolasetron, droperidol, lapatinib, mefloquine, mesoridazine, methadone, moxifloxacin, nilotinib, pentamidine, pimozide, romidepsin, tacrolimus, thioridazine, vandetanib, ziprasidone)
The risk of life-threatening cardiac arrhythmias, including torsades de pointes, may be increased. Iloperidone should not be administered with any other drug that prolongs the QT interval.
Tachycardia (12%); orthostatic hypotension (5%); hypotension (3%); palpitations (at least 1%).
Dizziness (20%); somnolence (15%); fatigue (6%); extrapyramidal disorder (5%); lethargy, tremor (3%); akathisia, dyskinesia (2%); aggression, delusion, restlessness (at least 1%); bradykinesia, dystonia (1%).
Dry mouth, nausea (10%); diarrhea (7%); abdominal discomfort (3%).
Ejaculation failure (2%); erectile dysfunction, urinary incontinence (at least 1%).
Hematocrit low (1%).
Weight increased (9%); weight decreased (at least 1%).
Arthralgia, musculoskeletal stiffness (3%); muscle spasms, myalgia (at least 1%).
Vision blurred (3%); conjunctivitis (including allergic) (at least 1%).
Nasal congestion (8%); nasopharyngitis (4%); upper respiratory tract infection (3%); dyspnea (2%).
WarningsIncreased mortality in elderly patients with dementia-related psychosis
Elderly patients with dementia-related psychosis treated with antipsychotic drugs are at an increased risk of death. During the course of a typical 10-week trial, the rate of death in drug-treated patients was approximately 4.5% compared with a rate of approximately 2.6% in the placebo group. Although the causes of death varied, most of the deaths appeared to be CV (eg, heart failure, sudden death) or infectious (eg, pneumonia) in nature. Iloperidone is not approved for the treatment of patients with dementia-related psychosis.
Monitor serum potassium and magnesium in patients at risk for electrolyte disturbances. Monitor orthostatic vital signs in patients who are vulnerable to hypotension. Periodically reassess patients to determine the need for continued treatment. Suicide attempt is inherent in psychotic illnesses; closely monitor high-risk patients during drug therapy. Monitor for signs and symptoms of NMS.
Frequently monitor CBC during the first few months of therapy in patients with a history of clinically significant low WBC or drug-induced leukopenia/neutropenia. Carefully monitor patients with neutropenia for signs and symptoms of infection.
Monitor diabetic patients regularly for worsening of glucose control. Monitor all patients for symptoms of hyperglycemia, including polydipsia, polyuria, polyphagia, and weakness. Ensure that patients with risk factors for diabetes mellitus (eg, obesity, family history of diabetes) who are starting atypical antipsychotic therapy undergo fasting blood glucose testing at the beginning of treatment and periodically thereafter.
Category C . Neonates exposed to antipsychotics during the third trimester of pregnancy are at risk of extrapyramidal and/or withdrawal symptoms.
Safety and effectiveness in pediatric and adolescent patients have not been established.
Elderly patients with dementia-related psychosis treated with antipsychotic drugs are at an increased risk of death compared with placebo. Cerebrovascular events (eg, cerebrovascular accidents, transient ischemic attack), including fatalities, have been seen in elderly patients with dementia-related psychoses.
Reactions have included pruritus and urticaria.
Not recommended for patients with hepatic impairment.
Judgment, thinking, or motor skills may be impaired.
Body temperature regulation
Disruption of the body's ability to reduce core body temperature has been attributed to antipsychotic agents.
Esophageal dysmotility and aspiration have been associated with antipsychotic drugs. Use iloperidone cautiously in patients at risk for aspiration pneumonia.
Leukopenia/neutropenia and agranulocytosis have been reported.
Hyperglycemia and diabetes mellitus
Hyperglycemia, in some cases extreme and associated with ketoacidosis or hyperosmolar coma or death, has been reported.
Prolactin levels may be elevated.
Has occurred and is potentially fatal. Signs and symptoms include altered mental status, diaphoresis, hyperpyrexia, irregular BP, irregular pulse, muscle rigidity, and tachycardia.
May induce orthostatic hypotension associated with dizziness, tachycardia, and syncope.
May occur; severe priapism may require surgical intervention.
Because QTc prolongation may occur, avoid use in patients receiving other drugs that prolong the QTc interval and in patients with congenital long QT syndrome or history of cardiac arrhythmias. Use with caution in patients with known CV disease (eg, heart failure, history of MI). Hypokalemia and/or hypomagnesemia may increase risk of QT prolongation.
Use with caution in patients with a history of seizures or with conditions that potentially lower seizure threshold.
Possible suicide attempts are inherent in psychotic illness. Closely supervise high-risk patients. Prescribe the smallest quantity consistent with good patient management.
Syndrome of potentially irreversible involuntary dyskinetic movements may develop. Prevalence is higher in elderly patients, especially women. Use lowest effective dose for shortest period of time needed.
Weight gain of 7% or more of body weight may occur.
Drowsiness, extrapyramidal symptoms, hypotension, QT prolongation, sedation, tachycardia.
- Instruct patients to take the dose twice daily as prescribed, without regard to meals.
- Advise patients to consult their health care provider immediately if they feel faint, lose consciousness, or have heart palpitations. Counsel patients not to take iloperidone with other drugs that cause QT interval prolongation. Tell patients to inform all of their health care providers that they are taking iloperidone before any new drug is taken.
- Counsel patients and caregivers that a potentially fatal symptom complex, sometimes referred to as NMS, has been reported in association with administration of antipsychotic drugs. Signs and symptoms of NMS include altered mental status, evidence of autonomic instability (eg, cardiac dysrhythmia, diaphoresis, irregular pulse or blood pressure, tachycardia), hyperpyrexia, and muscle rigidity.
- Advise patients of the risk of orthostatic hypotension, particularly at the time of initiating treatment, reinitiating treatment, or increasing the dose.
- Because iloperidone may have the potential to impair judgment, thinking, or motor skills, caution patients about operating hazardous machinery, including automobiles, until they are reasonably certain that iloperidone therapy does not affect them adversely.
- Advise patients to notify their health care provider if they become pregnant or intend to become pregnant during therapy with iloperidone.
- Advise patients not to breast-feed an infant if they are taking iloperidone.
- Advise patients to inform their health care provider if they are taking or planning to take any prescription or OTC drugs because there is a potential for interactions.
- Inform patients to avoid alcohol while taking iloperidone.
- Advise patients regarding appropriate care in avoiding overheating and dehydration.
Copyright © 2009 Wolters Kluwer Health.
More about iloperidone
- Other brands: Fanapt