Osmitrol Side Effects
Generic Name: mannitol
Medically reviewed by Drugs.com. Last updated on Sep 7, 2020.
Note: This document contains side effect information about mannitol. Some of the dosage forms listed on this page may not apply to the brand name Osmitrol.
For the Consumer
Applies to mannitol: inhalation capsule
Other dosage forms:
Inhalation route (Powder)
Mannitol acts as a bronchoconstrictor and may cause severe bronchospasm. Mannitol bronchial challenge testing is for diagnostic purposes only and should be conducted only by trained professionals under a physician familiar with the test and management of acute bronchospasm (ie, testing area equipped with appropriate medications and equipment). Immediately administer a short-acting inhaled beta-agonist in the event of severe bronchospasm. Do not perform bronchial challenge testing with mannitol in a patient with asthma or very low baseline pulmonary function tests (eg, FEV1 less than 1 to 1.5 L or less than 70% of the predicted values).
Side effects requiring immediate medical attention
Along with its needed effects, mannitol (the active ingredient contained in Osmitrol) may cause some unwanted effects. Although not all of these side effects may occur, if they do occur they may need medical attention.
Check with your doctor or nurse immediately if any of the following side effects occur while taking mannitol:
- Chest discomfort
- difficult or labored breathing
- dry heaves
- runny nose
- shortness of breath
- sore throat
- tightness in the chest
- troubled breathing
Incidence not known
Side effects not requiring immediate medical attention
Some side effects of mannitol may occur that usually do not need medical attention. These side effects may go away during treatment as your body adjusts to the medicine. Also, your health care professional may be able to tell you about ways to prevent or reduce some of these side effects.
Check with your health care professional if any of the following side effects continue or are bothersome or if you have any questions about them:
For Healthcare Professionals
Applies to mannitol: compounding powder, inhalation kit, intravenous solution, irrigation solution
Cardiovascular side effects have included hypotension and tachycardia. Venous thrombosis or phlebitis extending from the injection site and hypervolemia have occurred rarely and are generally associated with the solution or technique used in administration.[Ref]
Respiratory side effects have included pulmonary congestion and rhinitis. Respiratory side effects associated with mannitol (the active ingredient contained in Osmitrol) inhalation have included cough, gagging, wheeze, and decreased forced expiratory volume.[Ref]
Metabolic side effects have included fluid and electrolyte imbalance, acidosis, and electrolyte loss.[Ref]
Nervous system side effects have included headache, convulsions, and dizziness.[Ref]
Hematologic side effects have included thrombophlebitis.[Ref]
Eight cases of mannitol (the active ingredient contained in Osmitrol) IV overdose in patients with preexisting renal failure were reviewed. Symptoms presented in the reviewed cases were CNS involvement out of proportion to uremia, severe hyponatremia, large osmolality gap, and fluid overload. Six patients were treated with hemodialysis, one patient with peritoneal dialysis, and one patient died before initiation of treatment. All patients received large doses over 1 to 3 days with a mean dose of 310 +/- 182.8 g. CNS involvement consisted of CNS depression, confusion, lethargy, stupor, and coma. Two patients recovered cerebral function and continued on lifetime dialysis, 3 patients recovered renal and cerebral function, and 1 patient recovered renal function but had severe cerebral dysfunction.[Ref]
Renal side effects have included acute renal failure.[Ref]
Local side effects have included extravasation. This effect is generally attributed to the solution or technique used in administration.[Ref]
Ocular side effects have included blurred vision.[Ref]
Immunologic side effects have included infection at the injection site and febrile response. These effects are usually attributed to solution or technique used in administration.[Ref]
A 75-year-old woman with severe major depression experienced a manic episode 30 minutes after initiation of a 20% mannitol (the active ingredient contained in Osmitrol) intravenous infusion for the treatment of acute angle closure glaucoma. The patient had been started on nortriptyline 50 mg per day for the treatment of depression ten days earlier. She received oral acetazolamide, topical pilocarpine, topical timolol, and topical dexamethasone concomitantly for the treatment of glaucoma. The mania resolved within approximately 1 hour following discontinuation of the mannitol infusion, and the patient returned to a severe depressive state. An extensive lab evaluation, toxicology screening, and medical examination failed to show additional secondary causes for mania in this patient.[Ref]
Psychiatric side effects have rarely included mania (1 case report).[Ref]
1. "Product Information. Osmitrol (mannitol)." Baxter I.V. Systems Division, Round Lake, IL.
2. "Product Information. Aridol (mannitol)." Pharmaxis Inc, Exton, PA.
3. Better OS, Rubinstein I, Winaver JM, Knochel JP "Mannitol therapy revisited (1940-1997)." Kidney Int 52 (1997): 886-94
4. Sakemi T, Ikeda Y, Ohtsuka N, Ohtsuka Y, Tomiyoshi Y, Baba N "Acute renal failure associated with mannitol infusion and reversal with ultrafiltration and hemodialysis." Nephron 73 (1996): 733-4
5. Doi K, Ogawa N, Suzuki E, Noiri E, Fujita T "Mannitol-induced acute renal failure." Am J Med 115 (2003): 593-4
6. Edwards JJ, Samuels D, Fu ES "Forearm compartment syndrome from intravenous mannitol extravasation during general anesthesia." Anesth Analg 96 (2003): 245-6, table of contents
7. Navarro V, Vieta E, Gasto C "Mannitol-induced acute manic state." J Clin Psychiatry 62 (2001): 126
More about Osmitrol (mannitol)
- During Pregnancy
- Dosage Information
- Drug Interactions
- Pricing & Coupons
- En Español
- Drug class: miscellaneous diuretics
Related treatment guides
Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.
Some side effects may not be reported. You may report them to the FDA.