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News for Health Professionals

Mandibular Contour Surgery Training System Beneficial

Posted today in News for Health Professionals

FRIDAY, Jan. 18, 2019 -- An intraoral mandibular contour surgery (MCS) training system is effective for improving clinical surgery time and accuracy, according to a study published online Jan. 17 in JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery. Jia Qiao, M.D., from the Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences in Beijing, and colleagues enrolled 90 consecutive MCS patients and 15 craniofacial surgery fellow physicians... Read more

Assessing Symptoms After 4 Weeks of Psychotherapy Helpful in Teens

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FRIDAY, Jan. 18, 2019 -- Therapists implementing interpersonal psychotherapy for depressed adolescents (IPT-A) should routinely monitor depression symptoms and consider augmenting treatment for insufficient responders as early as week 4 of treatment, according to a study published in the January issue of the Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry. Meredith... Read more

Wait Times Have Improved in VA Health Care System

Posted today in News for Health Professionals

FRIDAY, Jan. 18, 2019 -- From 2014 to 2017, there were improvements in wait times in the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) health care system, resulting in reduced wait times versus the private sector (PS) in 2017, according to a study published online Jan. 18 in JAMA Network Open. Madeline Penn, from the Department of Veterans Affairs in Washington, D.C., and colleagues conducted a... Read more

Medication Treatment for Substance Abuse Up in Facilities

Posted today in News for Health Professionals

FRIDAY, Jan. 18, 2019 -- From 2007 to 2016, there was an increase in the proportion of substance use treatment facilities offering medication treatment (MT), according to a study published in the January issue of Health Affairs. Using data from national surveys, Ramin Mojtabai, M.D., M.P.H., Ph.D., from the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health in Baltimore, and colleagues examined... Read more

Mindfulness, Stress Linked to Menopausal Symptoms

Posted today in News for Health Professionals

FRIDAY, Jan. 18, 2019 -- Higher mindfulness and lower stress are independently associated with lower menopausal symptom scores among midlife women, according to a study published online Jan. 17 in Climacteric. Richa Sood, M.D., from the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minnesota, and colleagues conducted a cross-sectional study involving women aged 40 to 65 years who completed questionnaires, including... Read more

Frailty Could Increase Susceptibility for Dementia

Posted yesterday in News for Health Professionals

FRIDAY, Jan. 18, 2019 -- Frailty and Alzheimer disease-related brain changes independently contribute to dementia status, according to a study published in the February issue of The Lancet Neurology. Lindsay M.K. Wallace, from the Nova Scotia Health Authority in Halifax, Canada, and colleagues used data from the Rush Memory and Aging Project to evaluate the association between frailty,... Read more

Oral Hepatoselective Glucokinase Activator Promising in T2DM

Posted yesterday in News for Health Professionals

FRIDAY, Jan. 18, 2019 -- Use of the oral hepatoselective glucokinase activator (GKA) TTP399 for type 2 diabetes does not cause hypoglycemia and has no detrimental effect on plasma lipids or liver enzymes, according to a study published online Jan. 16 in Science Translational Medicine. Adrian Vella, M.D., from the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minnesota, and colleagues reviewed the rationale for an... Read more

Trained Alert Dogs Can Detect Impending T1DM-Related Events

Posted yesterday in News for Health Professionals

FRIDAY, Jan. 18, 2019 -- Trained alert dogs can help patients with type 1 diabetes regulate their blood glucose levels, according to a study published online Jan. 15 in PLOS ONE. Nicola J. Rooney, Ph.D., from the University of Bristol in the United Kingdom, and colleagues assessed the reliability of a trained glycemic alert dog at responding to 4,000 hypoglycemic and hyperglycemic events... Read more

FDA Panel Has Tie Vote on New Type 1 Diabetes Drug

Posted yesterday in News for Health Professionals

FRIDAY, Jan. 18, 2019 -- A U.S. Food and Drug Administration advisory panel vote on whether to recommend approval of the first oral medication for type 1 diabetes ended in an 8-8 tie Thursday. Despite that result, the FDA is expected to decide by the end of March whether the drug -- sotagliflozin, brand name Zynquista -- should be made available in the United States, The New York Times reported.... Read more

Melanoma Survival Varies Among U.S. States

Posted yesterday in News for Health Professionals

FRIDAY, Jan. 18, 2019 -- U.S. states with more physicians and a larger percentage of non-Hispanic whites have worse melanoma survival, according to a study published online Jan. 16 in the Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology. Zachary H. Hopkins, M.D., from the University of Utah in Salt Lake City, and colleagues examined possible sociodemographic and health care-based predictors of... Read more

FDA Investigating Paclitaxel-Coated Balloons, Paclitaxel-Eluting Stents

Posted yesterday in News for Health Professionals

FRIDAY, Jan. 18, 2019 -- The U.S. Food and Drug Administration alerted health care providers on Thursday that the agency is investigating the use of paclitaxel-coated balloons and paclitaxel-eluting stents to treat peripheral arterial disease (PAD) in the femoropopliteal artery because of a potentially increased mortality risk in the long term. In a letter to peripheral interventionalists and... Read more

Inappropriate Antibiotic Rx Common in Privately Insured

Posted yesterday in News for Health Professionals

FRIDAY, Jan. 18, 2019 -- Less than half of all outpatient antibiotic prescription fills by privately insured nonelderly adults and children in the United States are appropriate or potentially appropriate, according to a study published online Jan. 16 in The BMJ. Kao-Ping Chua, M.D., Ph.D., from the University of Michigan Medical School in Ann Arbor, and colleagues conducted a cross-sectional... Read more

Mandated Neonatal Abstinence Reporting Helps Quantify Cases

Posted yesterday in News for Health Professionals

FRIDAY, Jan. 18, 2019 -- Mandated neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) surveillance and reporting allows state health departments to quantify incidence and informs programs and services, according to research published in the Jan. 11 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Shahla M. Jilani, M.D., from the CDC in Atlanta, and colleagues... Read more

Variation in Revascularization for Asymptomatic SIHD Unexplained

Posted yesterday in News for Health Professionals

FRIDAY, Jan. 18, 2019 -- For asymptomatic patients with stable ischemic heart disease (SIHD) and coronary artery disease (CAD), there is considerable variation in revascularization practice that is not explained by known factors, according to a study published online Jan. 16 in JACC: Cardiovascular Interventions. Andrew Czarnecki, M.D., from the Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre in Toronto, and... Read more

Radiographic Knee Osteoarthritis Tied to Increased Risk for Death

Posted yesterday in News for Health Professionals

FRIDAY, Jan. 18, 2019 -- Radiographic knee osteoarthritis (RKOA) is associated with an increased risk for mortality from cardiovascular disease (CVD), diabetes, and renal diseases, but self-reported OA is not, according to a study published in the December issue of the International Journal of Epidemiology. Angelico Mendy, M.D., from the University of Iowa in Iowa City, and colleagues analyzed... Read more

Sex Differences Seen in Pursuit of Interventional Cardiology Career

Posted yesterday in News for Health Professionals

THURSDAY, Jan. 17, 2019 -- Unique factors dissuade female fellows-in-training from pursuing a career in interventional cardiology (IC), according to a study published online Jan. 16 in JACC: Cardiovascular Interventions. Celina M. Yong, M.D., from the VA Palo Alto Medical Center in California, and colleagues surveyed 574 cardiovascular fellows-in-training to identify factors leading to pursuit of... Read more

FDA Approves First Generic Version of Epilepsy Drug Sabril

Posted yesterday in News for Health Professionals

THURSDAY, Jan. 17, 2019 -- The first generic version of Sabril (vigabatrin) has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration to prevent complex partial seizures in adults and children aged 10 years and older with epilepsy. "The availability of high-quality generic alternatives of critically important medicines, once the period of patent protection or exclusivity has ended on the brand... Read more

WHO: Vaccine Hesitancy a Major Global Health Threat

Posted yesterday in News for Health Professionals

THURSDAY, Jan. 17, 2019 -- Vaccine hesitancy is among the top 10 health threats facing the world in 2019, the World Health Organization says. The movement against vaccinations has taken hold in a number of countries, including the United States. The percentage of American children ages 19 to 35 months who have not been vaccinated has quadrupled since 2001, according to U.S. Centers for Disease... Read more

FDA Down to 5 Weeks of Funding to Review New Drug Applications

Posted yesterday in News for Health Professionals

THURSDAY, Jan. 17, 2019 -- Due to the federal government shutdown, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration has only about five weeks of funding left to review new drug applications, according to Commissioner Scott Gottlieb, M.D. To keep reviewing applications, the FDA has stretched those funds, which come from user fees paid by drug companies before the shutdown, Gottlieb said Monday on... Read more

Antibiotics Often Inappropriately Prescribed for Bronchiolitis in ED

Posted yesterday in News for Health Professionals

THURSDAY, Jan. 17, 2019 -- Most children younger than 2 years with bronchiolitis seen in U.S. emergency departments and prescribed antibiotics have no documented bacterial coinfection, according to a study published online Jan. 17 in the Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society. Jesse Papenburg, M.D., from McGill University in Montreal, and colleagues conducted a repeated... Read more

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