Naturally occurring growth hormone (somatotropin) is synthesized and stored in the anterior pituitary gland in the brain. Its release is controlled by opposing actions of growth-hormone releasing hormone and somatostatin.
Growth hormone promotes the growth of long bones in the limbs and increases protein synthesis. A synthetic version of growth hormone, somatropin, is available to treat disorders of growth hormone production or deficiency. It is used to treat growth failure in children.
Subscribe to receive email notifications whenever new articles are published.
Drugs.com provides accurate and independent information on more than 24,000 prescription drugs, over-the-counter medicines and natural products. This material is provided for educational purposes only and is not intended for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Data sources include Micromedex® (updated Mar 2nd, 2017), Cerner Multum™ (updated Mar 2nd, 2017), Wolters Kluwer™ (updated Mar 1st, 2017) and others. To view content sources and attributions, please refer to our editorial policy.