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Uracil mustard Disease Interactions

There are 3 disease interactions with uracil mustard:

Major

Antineoplastics (applies to uracil mustard) infections

Major Potential Hazard, High plausibility. Applicable conditions: Infection - Bacterial/Fungal/Protozoal/Viral

Because of their cytotoxic effects on rapidly proliferating tissues, antineoplastic agents frequently can, to varying extent, induce myelosuppression. The use of these drugs may be contraindicated in patients with known infectious diseases. All patients should be instructed to immediately report any signs or symptoms suggesting infection such as fever, sore throat, or local infection during antineoplastic therapy. Close clinical monitoring of hematopoietic function is recommended.

References

  1. "Product Information. Novantrone (mitoxantrone)." Immunex Corporation, Seattle, WA.
  2. "Product Information. Doxil (doxorubicin liposomal)." Sequis Pharmaceuticals Inc, Menlo Park, CA.
  3. "Product Information. Gemzar (gemcitabine)." Lilly, Eli and Company, Indianapolis, IN.
  4. "Product Information. Taxol (paclitaxel)." Bristol-Myers Squibb, Princeton, NJ.
  5. "Product Information. Leukeran Tablets (chlorambucil)." Glaxo Welcome, Research Triangle Pk, NC.
  6. Frame JN, Dahut WL, Crowley S "Fludarabine and acute tumor lysis in chronic lymphocytic leukemia." N Engl J Med 327 (1992): 1396-7
  7. "Product Information. Leustatin (cladribine)." Ortho Biotech Inc, Raritan, NJ.
  8. "Product Information. Matulane (procarbazine)." Roche Laboratories, Nutley, NJ.
  9. "Product Information. Alkeran Tablets (melphalan)." Glaxo Wellcome, Research Triangle Pk, NC.
  10. "Product Information. Adriamycin PFS (doxorubicin)." Pharmacia and Upjohn, Kalamazoo, MI.
  11. Sanders C, Perez EA, Lawrence HJ "Opportunistic infections in patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia following treatment with fludarabine." Am J Hematol 39 (1992): 314-5
  12. Schilling PJ, Vadhan-Raj S "Concurrent cytomegalovirus and pneumocystis pneumonia after fludarabine therapy for chronic lymphocytic leukemia." N Engl J Med 323 (1990): 833-4
  13. "Product Information. Tabloid (thioguanine)." Prasco Laboratories, Cincinnati, OH.
  14. "Product Information. Mutamycin (mitomycin)." Bristol-Myers Squibb, Princeton, NJ.
  15. "Product Information. Idamycin (idarubicin)." Pharmacia and Upjohn, Kalamazoo, MI.
  16. "Product Information. Hycamtin (topotecan)." SmithKline Beecham, Philadelphia, PA.
  17. "Product Information. Cytosar-U (cytarabine)." Pharmacia and Upjohn, Kalamazoo, MI.
  18. "Product Information. Purinethol (mercaptopurine)." Glaxo Wellcome, Research Triangle Pk, NC.
  19. Girmenia C, Mauro FR, Rahimi S "Late listeriosis after fludarabine plus prednisone treatment." Br J Haematol 87 (1994): 407-8
  20. "Product Information. Methotrexate (methotrexate)." Lederle Laboratories, Wayne, NJ.
  21. "Product Information. Vepesid (etoposide)." Bristol-Myers Squibb, Princeton, NJ.
  22. "Product Information. Xeloda (capecitabine)." Roche Laboratories, Nutley, NJ.
  23. Bastion Y, Coiffier B, Tigaud JD, Espinouse D, Bryon PA "Pneumocystis pneumonia in a patient treated with fludarabine for chronic lymphocytic leukemia." Eur J Cancer 27 (1991): 671
  24. "Product Information. Uracil Mustard (uracil mustard)." Roberts Pharmaceutical Corporation, Eatontown, NJ.
  25. "Product Information. Ifex (ifosfamide)." Bristol-Myers Squibb, Princeton, NJ.
  26. "Product Information. Fludara (fludarabine)." Berlex, Richmond, CA.
  27. "Product Information. Taxotere (docetaxel)." Rhone-Poulenc Rorer, Collegeville, PA.
  28. "Product Information. Platinol (cisplatin)." Bristol-Myers Squibb, Princeton, NJ.
  29. "Product Information. Nipent (pentostatin)." Hospira Inc, Lake Forest, IL.
  30. "Product Information. DTIC-Dome (dacarbazine)." Bayer, West Haven, CT.
  31. "Product Information. Thiotepa (thiotepa)." Hikma USA (formerly West-Ward Pharmaceutical Corporation), Eatontown, NJ.
View all 31 references
Major

Uracil mustard (applies to uracil mustard) bleeding disorders

Major Potential Hazard, High plausibility.

The use of uracil mustard has been associated with a dose-related myelosuppression and irreversible bone marrow failure. Therapy with uracil mustard should be administered cautiously in patients whose bone marrow reserve may be severely depressed by prior chemotherapy or irradiation or whose marrow function is recovering from previous cytotoxic therapy. Uracil mustard should be withheld until white blood cell count exceeds 3,000/mm3 and/or platelet count exceeds 100,000/mm3. Patients should be instructed to immediately report any signs or symptoms suggesting bone marrow suppression such as fever, sore throat, local infection, or bleeding. Close clinical monitoring of hematopoietic function is recommended.

References

  1. "Product Information. Uracil Mustard (uracil mustard)." Roberts Pharmaceutical Corporation, Eatontown, NJ.
Major

Uracil mustard (applies to uracil mustard) myelosuppression

Major Potential Hazard, High plausibility. Applicable conditions: Bone Marrow Depression/Low Blood Counts, Fever

The use of uracil mustard is contraindicated in patients with severe leukopenia or thrombocytopenia. Uracil mustard has a cumulative toxic effect against the bone marrow. Patients should be instructed to immediately report any signs or symptoms suggesting bone marrow suppression such as fever, sore throat, local infection, or bleeding. If severe bone marrow suppression occurs, uracil mustard should be discontinued. An accumulated dose of 1 mg/kg is associated with an increased risk of irreversible bone marrow suppression. Close clinical monitoring of hematopoietic function is recommended.

References

  1. "Product Information. Uracil Mustard (uracil mustard)." Roberts Pharmaceutical Corporation, Eatontown, NJ.

Uracil mustard drug interactions

There are 146 drug interactions with uracil mustard

Drug Interaction Classification

These classifications are only a guideline. The relevance of a particular drug interaction to a specific individual is difficult to determine. Always consult your healthcare provider before starting or stopping any medication.
Major Highly clinically significant. Avoid combinations; the risk of the interaction outweighs the benefit.
Moderate Moderately clinically significant. Usually avoid combinations; use it only under special circumstances.
Minor Minimally clinically significant. Minimize risk; assess risk and consider an alternative drug, take steps to circumvent the interaction risk and/or institute a monitoring plan.
Unknown No interaction information available.

Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.