Medically reviewed by Drugs.com. Last updated on Jan 5, 2023.
Myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) are a group of conditions that prevent stem cells in your bone marrow from working properly. Stem cells make red blood cells (RBCs), white blood cells (WBCs), and platelets. MDS cause stem cells to grow and increase in number without control or order. The RBCs, WBCs, and platelets produced are faulty and too few in number. This increases your risk for anemia (low levels of RBC), bleeding, infections, and leukemia. MDS usually affect people older than 70 years.
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- Antibiotics may help prevent or treat an infection caused by bacteria.
- Steroids may be used to stop your immune system from attacking your body's own cells, such as RBCs, WBCs, and platelets.
- Immunosuppressives help stop your immune system from attacking your body's own cells. They may also prevent death of normal RBCs, WBCs, and platelets.
- Chemotherapy , often called chemo, is used to kill faulty stem cells. Chemo may also be used to prevent normal stem cells from becoming defective cells.
- Bone stimulating hormone stimulates bone marrow cells to make more RBCs.
- Blood tests can show the number of RBCs, WBCs, and platelets. They may also show if your blood cells are working correctly.
- A bone marrow biopsy is a procedure to take a small amount of bone marrow from the bone in your hip. It will help your healthcare provider see how many and what kind of blood forming cells are in your bone marrow.
- A blood transfusion may be given to increase RBCs or other blood cells.
- A blood or bone marrow stem cell transplant is a procedure to put bone marrow or stem cells in your blood through an IV. The stem cells should go to your bone marrow and begin to make new, healthy blood cells.
The following list of medications are in some way related to or used in the treatment of this condition.
- A stem cell transplant may increase your risk for bleeding or for an infection. You may continue to have symptoms, even after treatment. You may get a blood clot in your leg or arm. This may become life-threatening.
- Left untreated, your RBCs, WBCs, and platelets may continue to decrease. This may increase your risk for anemia (low RBCs), infections, fevers, or bleeding problems. It may also increase your risk for leukemia (cancer of blood cells). These conditions may become life-threatening.
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Learn more about Myelodysplastic Syndromes
- Medications for Myelodysplastic Diseases
- Medications for Myelofibrosis
- Medications for Myeloproliferative Disorders
- Medications for Thrombocythemia
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